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Comparative Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in Providing Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans
 

Comparative Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in Providing Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans

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    Comparative Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in Providing Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans Comparative Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in Providing Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans Document Transcript

    • Comparative Analysis of the Role of Civil Society in Providing Social Welfare Services in the Western Balkans Belgrade, November 2013. 1
    • CIP – Katalogizacja u publikaciji Narodna biblioteka Srbije, Beograd 364(497-15) 061.2(497-15) KOMPARATIVNA analiza uloge civilnog na Zapadnom Balkanu / [autor SeConS, grupa za razvojnu inicijativu ; urednik Ivan Marin]. - ISBN 978-86-917355-0-0 1. SeConS, Grupa za razvojnu inicijativu (Beograd) a) Socijalna zaštita- Zapadni Balkan b) Nevladine organizacije - Zapadni Balkan COBISS.SR-ID 203260684 2
    • Tel:+381 11 238 15 77 Fax: :+381 11 238 15 77 Urednik Ivan Marin Autor Tel:+381 11 412 12 57 Fax:+381 11 344 73 86 Belgrade, November 2013.
    • 1 7 2 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 3 Montenegro 35 4 4 Introduction Croatia 51
    • 5 Kosovo 66 6 Srbija 79 97 8 Recommendations 103 9 Annex 111 5
    • ASB BiH Bosnia and Herzegovina CSW Centre for Social Work SWC Social Welfare Centre DFID Department for International Development (UK) EU European Union FBiH Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina LGBT Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender NGO Non-governmental organisation CSO Civil Society Organisation RS Republika Srpska UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNICEF 6 Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund, Deutschland e.V. United Nations Children’s Fund
    • 1 INTRODUCTION T 1 7
    • 2 S In FBiH, social protection is under the jurisdiction of the entities and cantons. series of District also has 8
    • 2.1 Bosnia and Herzegovina W prote- 9
    • 2 2.1.2 ANALIZA INSTITUCIONALNOG OKVIRA T family and veteran protection, tu re- . 2 1 monitoring concerning 10
    • 2.2 Republika Srpska 2.2.1 ANALYSIS OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK T he Constitution of Republika Srpska are apply. No. 24/10); 11
    • 2 The Law on Social Protection provided by law, are impleme- provided for an individual, a Above all, 12
    • Republika 13
    • 2 The Law on the Protection of Civil Victims of War 14
    • 2.2.2 ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Three ministries are competent for social C protection pro- 15
    • 2 Pro3 1 by 16
    • protection Family 2.3 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3.1 ANALYSIS OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK 17
    • 2 28/13); 9-10/10). ri- a common obligation. protection are provid- 4 1 federal, . The Law on the Principles of Social Protection, the Protection of Civil Victims of War and the Protection of Families with Children of the Federation of BiH 4 18
    • w Federation 19
    • 2 Sara- training care. except and 20
    • impeded Central material accofamily 21
    • 2 an 2.3.2 ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Labour 22
    • 2 5 elderly 5 23
    • 2 2.4.1 ANALYSIS OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK T no. 1/03, 4/04, 19/07 and 2/08); prote- pe- 24
    • of by law. 2.4.2 ANALYSIS OF THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Soci 25
    • 2 2.5 Associations of Citizens in Social Protection 6 1 26
    • 7 2 . 8 . 3 9 4 10 5 11 6 . 7 in 8 2009, p. 71 9 Ibid, p. 82 10 Idid, pp. 98, 102 11 Idid, p. 117 27
    • 2 A number of non-go- 12 1 eco. 13 2 14 3 co15 4 13 p. 115 15 28
    • 16 5 ca. 17 6 18 7 . 19 8 . be added. in 2011), Sarajevo: CPCD and TACSO, 2013. 29
    • 2 on cooperation . 20 1 20 Idid, p. 124 30
    • . 21 2 number development 3 capacity22 welfare 21 Idid, p. 141 31
    • 2 . 4 23 2.6 Summary and Recommendations for Advocacy Work L 32
    • regu- 33
    • 2 34
    • 3 3.1 Analysis of the Legal Framework No. 46/2010 39/2011 35
    • 3 by 36
    • ser 154). 37
    • 3 3.2 Analysis of the Institutional Framework T sonnel. unit in , 25 2 . 26 3 importance for local social protection 26 38 1 )24
    • 159 tre for ntellectual Bijela . 27 4 5 28 . Local 29 6 3.3 Associations of Citizens in Social Protection I 39
    • 3 30 7 31 8 . 32 9 33 10 . and from foreign 32 Ibid, p.22 33 40
    • 201111 34 35 12 . 36 13 TABLE 3.1 THE ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FROM GAMES OF CHANCE FOR NGOS (2012) Area Share in the total fund of the call of addiction TOTAL 35 41
    • 3 1. . 37 1 doc 42
    • TABLE 3.2 THE ALLOCATION OF FUNDS FOR NGOS FROM MUNICIPAL BUDGETS IN EUR IN 2011 Municipality Andrijevica Bar Budva Bijelo Polje Berane Cetinje Danilovgrad Podgorica Kolašin Kotor Mojkovac Plav Pljevlja Tivat Ulcinj TOTAL Funds allocated for NGOs in 2011 8,500 70,000 65,000 40,000 30,000 19,600 28,000 45,000 60,000 5,000 20,000 10,000 60,000 6,000 30,000 14,000 20,000 55,000 30,000 1,000 5,000 622,100 Funds distributed to NGOs in 2011 8,500 n/a 33,000 n/a 23,500 11,500 n/a 32,000 60,500 10,000 20,000 10,000 47,000 1,000 n/a 14,000 20,000 36,000 30,000 n/a 0 357,000 Source: www.crnvo.me 43
    • 3 pro- . 38 1 following 38 44
    • 39 2 40 3 living in location. . 441 TABLE 3.3 LOCAL SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN MONTENEGRO Service NGO Local Red government Cross Public inst. self Total Support for living in a family Daily care/centre 9 7 16 Supported living 2 1 3 19 41 16 vice 22 4 20 10 10 11 lation 2 2 13 2 Daily meal 1 2 Sub-total 70 8 13 1 2 3 28 108 1 15 2 2 9 9 40 Ibid, p.18 41 Ibid, p. 254 45
    • 3 3 21 3 3 24 10 46 Mediation 10 2 48 2 15 15 5 5 3 3 7 7 1 1 4 4 1 mediation 2 1 5 1 6 1 1 1 1 mediation 1 1 1 1 Sub-total 46 151 7 Total 221 15 1 2 159 29 267
    • TABLE 3.4 LOCAL SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES IN MONTENEGRO ACCORDING TO THE TARGET GROUP Target group Number of services Percentage Number of of sevices for a given target group out of the total number of services Number of NGOs providing the services 75 people violence 13,542 68 62 3,703 62 49 Percentage of NGOs in the services for a given target group 2,359 21 18 Young people 21 819 19 Family 649 17 18 8 5 Roma and 9 2239 9 LGBT 5 899 5 42 1 . 2 43 47
    • 3 44 1 A large number of non-governmental orprocess. There are no clear mechanisms . 2 45 . 3 46 44 Ibid, p. 6 45 Ibid, p. 12 48
    • 3.4 Summary and Recommendations for Advocacy Work S Recommendations for advocacy work: 1. The role of the NGOs should be promoted on the basis of the available research and data. 49
    • 3 2. Advocacy work for multi-year funding. 3. Advocacy work for the coordination of the line Ministry and the central fund. 50
    • 4 4.1 T CROATIA Analysis of the Legal Framework he Constitution of the Republic of Croatia ticle 3). cial of objec- manner The Social Welfare Act (Article 3). 51
    • 4 CROATIA meeting foreign We- 52
    • 53
    • 4 CROATIA . 47 1 54
    • 4.2 Analysis of the Institutional Framework T 1 48 . 49 2 50 3 51 4 48 55
    • 4 CROATIA tion of operational alike). . 52 1 53 limited2 56
    • 54 prevail3. 4.3 S Associations of Citizens for Social Protection Croatia 55 56 5 4 . of important. . 57 54 Ibid, p. 368-370 55 56 Ibid, p. 364 57 Zagreb, 2012, p. 42 57
    • 4 CROATIA 58 1 59 2 . 60 3 61 4 Demand for 58 59 Ibid, p. 7 60 Ibid, p. 15 61 Ibid, p. 29 58
    • . 62 5 . Finally, 63 6 64 7 65 8 left .” 66 9 initia- 62 Ibid, p. 38 63 Ibid, p. 40 59
    • 4 CROATIA 67 1 from 2011 . 68 2 (main- 6 60 godini
    • in 2013). 69 3 . 61
    • 4 CROATIA later on) TABLE 4.1 DATA ON APPROVED PROJECTS OF CITIZENS’ ASSOCIATIONS BY THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL POLICY AND YOUTH Period Area Number of associations Average budget HKN Average budget EUR Total budget HKN Total budget EUR Protection 35 258,921 34,695 9,062,229 1,214,339 Social and 13 190,900 25,581 2,481,698 332,548 2010-2013 period 2010-2013 period an activity Second year Protection 52 206,904 27,725 10,759,000 332,546 Social and 19 178,009 23,853 3,382,167 453,211 119 208,684 27,964 25,685,094 3,441,803 119 208,684 27,964 25,685,094 3,441,803 2011-2014 Second year 2011-2014 TOTAL 62 an activity
    • TABLE 4.2 OVERVIEW OF AVAILABLE FUNDS FOR ASSOCIATIONS WITH THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL POLICY AND YOUTH FOR 2012 Total amount 550,000 365,000 48,910 53,816 September-December 2012 236,092 April-December 2012 174,200 550,000 73,700 5,000,000 TOTAL 4,450,225 1,300,000 young people 103,180 1,761,877 Promotion and protection of 770,000 401,611 young people 73,700 33,210,635 Development of volunteering Total amount Implementation period 670,000 1,200,000 160,800 45,109,123 6,044,623 2012 2012 70 1 . 71 2 63
    • 4 4.4 S CROATIA Summary and Recommendations for Advocacy Work ocial welfare system. next period. Role of local and regional authorities. Role of the NGO sector. 64
    • Recommendations for advocacy work: 1. Establishing mechanisms for monitoring the activities of the NGO sector A welfare 2. Advocacy work for the establishment of a mechanism for the permanent 3. Advocacy work for the deinstitutionalisation of the social welfare system. 4. Advocacy work for building a system of support for the licensing process. 65
    • 5 5.1 T and 66 KOSOVO Analysis of the Legal Framework
    • circu- Centre The Law on Social and Family Services 67
    • 5 5.2 KOSOVO Analysis of the Institutional Framework T capacities to administer the social 68
    • September 2013). particularly 69
    • 5 KOSOVO 72 1 73 2 . 74 3 . 75 4 72 2011 70 replacement
    • 5.3 Associations of Citizens in Social Protection and role for non-governmental under 76 1 . 77 2 . 78 3 71
    • 5 KOSOVO 79 1 September 2013). from international funds, and other countries, . 80 2 ra represent. 81 3 p.136 72
    • of . Dealing 82 4 83 5 84 6 . 85 7 . 86 8 84 73
    • 5 KOSOVO . 87 1 . Leaving 88 2 89 3 . 90 4 2013, p. 3 2013, p. 13 2013, pp. 17-18 74 .
    • and a 91 1 91 75
    • 5 KOSOVO . 92 2 92 2008, p. 51 76
    • 5.4 Summary and Recommendations for Advocacy Work Legal system Institutional system. The role of the local self-government. and Municipa- The role of the governmental organisations. According 77
    • 5 KOSOVO 1. Establishing mechanisms for monitoring the activities of the NGO sector in 2. Advocacy work for the creation of a system of professional support for the public and NGO sectors. 3. Advocacy work for the creation of transparent mechanisms of funding. 78
    • 6 6.1 Analysis of the Legal Framework No. 16/2002 129/2007 79
    • 6 for protection, 80
    • 6.2 Analysis of the Institutional Framework T 1 93 in of Great Britain, 2005 81
    • 6 budgeting . 2 94 developed3. 95 . 96 4 94 2010 Belgrade: CLDS, 2006 82
    • in become functional. Se- independent life. elderly people (12). 83
    • 6 . 97 5 . 98 6 TABLE 6.1 OVERVIEW OF LOCAL SERVICES IN SERBIA IN 2012 Service elderly people Number of local 122 Daily accommodation for 71 37 Club 84 28
    • 20 21 18 16 young people 15 15 Daily accommodation for elderly people 12 11 Daily accommodation for law 10 9 Drop-in centre 4 5 99 7 85
    • 6 of all averagely 1 100 TABLE 6.2 SHARE OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENTS IN THE FINANCING OF LOCAL SERVICES IN SERBIA Service Daily accommodation for elderly people Drop-in centre 86
    • CHART 6.1 COMPARISON OF FINANCING SOURCES 87
    • 6 101 1 6.3 Associations of Citizens in Social Protection 2 265 million102 . 3 103 104 4 5 105 102 88
    • . 106 1 ade- . 107 2 89
    • 6 108 TABLE 6.3 SOURCES OF FINANCING3 2005 2009 Local government Regional government 4 in 2012109 . to provide a bank guarantee for a tender, for example. In addition, many local 90
    • Beneconcerning 110 5 PO SEKTORU 91
    • 6 TABLE 6.4 SHARE OF SERVICE PROVIDERS FROM THE NGO SECTOR Service Drop-in centre Daily accommodation for elderly people Club 92
    • TABLE 6.5 STRUCTURE OF SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE NGO SECTOR Service Daily accommodation Total number of for people 37 32 11 11 9 5 Club 5 Daily accommodation for elderly people 4 Daily accommodation/centre Drop-in centre 3 3 3 1 1 1 0 independent 0 93
    • 6 . 1 111 developmental 94
    • 6.4 Summary and Recommendations for Advocacy Work I nstitutional system. v Role of the local self-government. Licensing. rely on. The role of NGOs. 1. Advocacy work for reviving earmarked transfers. 95
    • 6 2. Advocacy work for the establishment of a support system in the licensing process. 3. Strengthening the negotiating position of NGO service providers through networking. 96
    • 7 7.1 Introduction and Explanation a) 97
    • 7 (2) obtained); etc. 7.2 98 Local and National Foundations
    • well-rooted), 112 1 (former BCIF – Balkan Serbia of 99
    • 7 7.3 Registers of Service Providers interve- 7.4 100 Networks of Service Providers
    • 7.5 Resource Centres ject or 101
    • 7 7.6 Cross-Sectoral Initiatives demanding available manageri- and Montenegro), rtance. 102 Croatia
    • 8 8.1 General Conclusions and Recommendations the priorities for the development of the sector and its interventions within the country and the system of service providers. Coordinated investment is easier for connection with the state public policies. Recommendation 2: The establishment of a system of support for the NGO sector, which will be coordinated with the work of the line Ministry. In this way the work of the NGOs will be integrated into the social welfare system, public and the NGO sectors, the sustainability of the NGO sector, etc example 103
    • 8 Recommendation 3. Providing support for the development of the “policy” of the capacities of the line ministries and state administration at the same time means support for the development of the entire social protection system and NGOs that provide social welfare services. Those capacities refer to an analysis of needs and resources, planning the system development, coordinated investment, monitoring the work and the quality control of services, and alike. Recommendation 4: Concurrent advocacy work for the development of the NGO sector of service providers and the public sector. Some of the mechanisms for strengthening the social role of the country and the NGO sector have already been mentioned and include coordinated investment, strengthening the policy functions of the line ministries, and also the introduction of a quality control system in both sectors. Recommendation 1: The establishment of a mechanism of support for the NGO sector on the national and regional levels. refer to 104
    • Recommendation 2: Advocacy for cooperation between CSWs and NGOs 105
    • 8 Recommendation 3: Advocacy for amendments to the law that lead to the should be funded by the state. A part of these interventions must include services, regardless of who is supposed to provide them. develoRecommendation 4: Advocacy for support for small domestic foundations that support grassroots initiatives. managerial profe- 106
    • Recommendation 5: Advocacy for the introduction of a system of middle-term projects. orderer, coordinated etc. Recommendation 6: The development of an analytical and research sector as a basis for advocacy strategies. Recommendation 7: The employment of gathered knowledge from the region and advocacy for the transfer of good practice. 107
    • 8 8.3 Advocacy Matrices TABLE 8.1 RECOMMENDATIONS BY COUNTRY Montenegro Advocacy work for multi-year funding Croatia 108
    • Serbia TABLE 8.2 NATIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS THAT COULD HAVE REGIONAL CHARACTER Montenegro Advocacy work for multi-year funding Croatia Serbia Srbija 109
    • 8 TABLE 8.3 REGIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS 1 national and regional level. nivou. 2 A 3 4 5 6 7 110
    • 9 List of institutions where in-depth interviews were undertaken: Montenegro: Croatia: Serbia: 111
    • 112