5. rendezvous at backwaters…all these and many more…conjured a lasting and consummate experiencefor everyone at Kalpakkam.. 02/01/2005
6. All this has changed in a few minutes… 02/01/2005
7. TSUNAMI struck at Kalpakkam Township and brought inits wake unprecedented Death and Destruction..all in just 10minutes..
8. There was a “sea change” atKalpakkam.
9. Bay of Bengal turned into Bay of “Bang ..all”..
10. What’s TSUNAMI?The word tsunami (pronounced tsoo-nah-mee) is composed of the Japanese words"tsu" (which means harbor) and "nami"(which means "wave").
11. What’s TSUNAMI? AM I S T U N
12. What’s TSUNAMI?Tsunami is a series of waves of longwavelength. . .usually generated by a violent,impulsive undersea disturbance. . or activity near the coast. . or in the ocean.
13. What’s TSUNAMI?•When a sudden displacement of a largevolume of water occurs,•or if the sea floor is suddenly raised ordropped by an earthquake•or non seismic disturbances such asvolcanic eruptions•or underwater landslides occurs - big tsunami waves can be formed by forces of gravity.
14. What’s TSUNAMI? It should be noted that not allearthquakes generate tsunamis. Usually,it takes an earthquake with a Richtermagnitude exceeding 7.5 to produce adestructive tsunami.
15. Difference between Tides & TsunamisNormal Tides are caused by theextraterrestrial, gravitational influencesof the moon, sun, and the planets.
16. Which are likely zones for Tsunami?By far, the most destructive tsunamis aregenerated from large, shallow earthquakes - -withan epicenter or fault line near or on the oceanfloor.These usually occur in regions of the earthcharacterized by tectonic subduction alongtectonic plate boundaries.
17. History of TsunamisOne of the largest and most destructive tsunamis ever recorded prior to the latest was generated in August 26, 1883 after the explosion and collapse of the volcano of Krakatoa (Krakatau), in Indonesia. This explosion generated waves that reached 135 feet, destroyed coastal towns and villages along the Sunda Strait in both the islands of Java and Sumatra, killing 36, 417 people.
18. History of TsunamisIt is also believed that thedestruction of the Minoan civilizationin Greece was caused in 1490 B.C. bythe explosion/collapse of the volcanoof Santorin in the Aegean Sea.
19. Tsunamis-Where & How often? Most tsunamis occur in the PacificOcean and its marginal seas. Thereason is that the Pacific covers morethan one-third of the earths surfaceand is surrounded by a series ofmountain chains, deep-ocean trenches- where most earthquakes occur.
20. Tsunamis-Where & How often?On the average about half-a-dozentimes per century, a tsunami from oneof the Pacific regions sweeps acrossthe entire Ocean.
21. Tsunamis-Where & How often?In the last decade alone, destructivetsunamis have occurred 13 times…Nicaragua (1992),Indonesia (1992, 1994, 1996, 2004),Japan (1993),Philippines (1994),Mexico (1995),Peru (1996, 2001),Papua-New Guinea (1998),Turkey (1999), andVanuatu (1999).
22. The salient aspects of this slide areextracted and shown in the following slides
23. Highest overall inundation: Bangladesh closely followed by IndiaHighest damage to Agriculture Land: Bangladesh closely followed by India
25. Time taken byTsunami to reachChennai: 3 hours
26. Average ofHeight ofTsunamiwaveshitting eastCoast: 4-5 m
27. Tsunami-Sumatra to Sadras
28. Observe the shrinkage vegetation
29. Pre Tsunami Post Tsunami4 Dec 2004 17Jan2005Kalpakkam Coast Kalpakkam Coast` IGCAR Edayur Back waters MAPS Sadras Back waters
30. June23, 2004 Aceh Coast – Before TsunamiDec 28, 2004Aceh Coast–After Tsunami
31. May 18, 2004MeluabohCoast,Indonesia –Before Tsunami
32. Jan.7, 2005 Meluaboh Coast, Indonesia – After TsunamiINUNDATEDZONE
33. Jan 1, 2004Kalutara Coast, Sri Lanka –Before Tsunami
34. Dec 26, 2004Kalutara Coast, Sri Lanka –After Tsunami
35. TSUNAMI at Thailand ..
36. Watch this person. Did he survive to see thisphotograph ?
37. These trees and building could withstand the onslaught.. Watch this person. Did he survive to see this photograph ?
38. Look at this childon someone’sshoulder
39. TSUNAMI at Indonesia ..
40. Beach littered with corpses
41. TSUNAMI at Kalpakkam A Photo Feature 26-12-2004
42. Sad…ras9:25 am52nd Avenue
43. Sad…ras9:28 am:Near Water Tank
44. Sad…ras9:56 am:Fire Personnelrescuing trappedpeople near KV-2
45. Sad…ras9:56 am:Marooned vehicles onroad leading toShopping Centre
46. Sad…ras10:02 am:Petrol Pump is all atsea!
47. Sad…ras10:06 am:Sadras Bridge justafter the first Tsunamiwave struck.
48. Sad…ras10:12 am:Channel to waterygrave. .Between KV-2School and ShoppingCentre.
49. Break Dance by Sea11:18 am:Receding waters . .Entry to Ring Road . .
50. 11:19 am:Confluence of Sea andBackwaters
51. Bridge and Breach11:20 am:Sea the Saviour! OrSea the Savage?. .
52. Bridge and Breach15:50 pm:Sea the Saviour? OrSea the Savage. .
53. Bridge26-12-2004 26-12-200410:06 am 11:20 am Courtesy: Dr. N. Mohankuar28-12-200408:11 am 28-12-2004 13:58 am
54. 10:12 am: 16:00 pm:
55. Sadras East Merges with Beach..Beach Within..
56. Home ..Sweet Home - - turns Sour
57. Topsy TurvyAwesome Fury
58. Topsy TurvyAwesome Fury
59. Scientific Apart..ments
60. Scientific Apart..ments Seawater Well?
61. At St. Antony’s ChurchBoxing Day at its worst..
62. At St. Antony’s ChurchBoxing Day at its worst..
63. KV-2 School
64. AECS –II School and Play Ground
65. CISF BarracksSecurity Breach
66. 17 th AvenueCourtesy: Dr. N. Mohankumar
67. 17 th AvenueCourtesy: Dr. N. Mohankumar
68. 17 th Avenue
69. 17 th Avenue
70. TSUNAMI & Four-Wheeler Aerobics
71. Sadras East
72. Sadras East
73. Sadras East
74. Sadras East
75. Sadras EastCourtesy: Dr. N. Mohankumar
76. Sadras EastCourtesy: Dr. N. Mohankumar
77. Sadras EastCourtesy: Dr. N. Mohankumar
78. Central Avenue AreaCourtesy: Dr. V.P. Venugopalan
79. Central Avenue AreaCourtesy: Dr. V.P. Venugopalan
80. !7th Avenue 01/01/2005
81. Two-Wheelers rock-and-roll
82. Two-Wheeler at Sadras East
83. Two-Wheelers at Central Avenue
84. Two-Wheeler at Central Avenue
85. SRI Guest House – a Venue for Shelter andCrisis Management Operations
86. • Some of our colleagues lost their life.• Some lost their near and dear.• Most of the unfortunate victims were women and children.• Some lost their entire life’s earnings.• Let all the traumatised overcome the grief, sorrow and shock at the earliest.• Anupuram township provided much needed shelter to many residents of Kalpakkam Township.• SRI Guest House provided shelter to thousands of Kalpakkam residents including many from nearby villages.• Imagine the plight of many if we did not have the Anupuram Township and SRI Guest House
87. Acknowledgements• Dr. T. Subba Rao• Mr. V. Sridhar• Dr. N. Mohan Kumar• Dr. B.P.C. Rao• Dr. V.P. Venugopalan• Mr. P. Padmaraju