Haiku

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  • In this class, we will be learning the very common and misleadingly simple 3-line Haiku
  • Haiku

    1. 1. Haiku “ A form of Japanese verse, developed in the mid-16th century, usually consisting of 17 syllables and originally of jesting character; an English imitation of one.” (OED, haiku)
    2. 2. Form <ul><li>English version of the Haiku form is not exactly parallel to the Japanese version </li></ul><ul><li>-- Syllable count is not exactly the same as sound units or mora </li></ul><ul><li>-- English is a stressed heavy language </li></ul><ul><li>-- Japanese Haikus can and often are written as single line verses, as opposed to three lines. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Form Continued <ul><li>Required to suggest a single season </li></ul><ul><li>-- Living in California should make this easy! We only have two seasons: wet and dry  </li></ul><ul><li>-- Can be done directly by using words like bloom, fall, cold, etc or indirectly through tone, imagery or place </li></ul>
    4. 4. Form template <ul><li>First line, 5 syllables </li></ul><ul><li>Second line, 7 syllables </li></ul><ul><li>Third line, 5 syllables </li></ul><ul><li>17 syllables total </li></ul>
    5. 5. History! <ul><li>http://www.cranberrydesigns.com/poetry/haiku/history.htm </li></ul><ul><li>This website provides a lot of useful information on Haiku history (including the stuff I’ll go over today, briefly). </li></ul><ul><li>“ Haiku comes from a type of Japanese court poetry called tanka that was popularized and refined during the 9th through 12 centuries.” (from above website) </li></ul><ul><li>“ The first part of a tanka, called hokku or &quot;starting verse,&quot; frequently set the tone for the rest of the poem, and the authors of hokku often earned the respect and admiration of their fellow poets. By the 19th century, largely through the work of Masaoka Shiki, hokku began to be written and read as individual poems. From the word hokku derives our word haiku.” (website) </li></ul><ul><li>The form of the poem, as it was then and now, forces the writer to focus their attention on one single image, one single insightful moment. In many ways, haiku writing is a practice in mediation. It allows one to notice minute details of things both new and mundane, personal and private. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Poet corner: Kenji Miyazawa <ul><li>Picked this poet specifically for the role he played in Miyazaki’s Totoro. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Miyazaki also got a hint for Totoro from Acorns and a Wild Cat by Kenji Miyazawa (1896–1933) who is well known in Japan for his devoted life to improve living standard of farmers based on Buddhist thinking. Miyazawa also wrote many interesting books, some of which have been translated into English and French.” (Kozo Mayumi, Barry D. Solomon, and Jason Chang, “The ecological and consumption themes of the films of Hayao Miyazaki”) </li></ul>
    7. 7. PC, continued <ul><li>Miyazawa did not often write in haiku. But he did write with nature, seasons, a specific image, or tone in mind. Ame ni mo makezu ( He goes through the rain ) is his most famous poem that demonstrates this. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>He goes through the rain through the wind through the snow and through the heat of summer His body with grit without greed without anger with a smile in silence He eats four bowls of brown rice a day with just enough of miso and vegetable Whatever he does all for others, never for himself He sees well, hears well, understands well and never forgets He lives under the shade of pines in the fields in a little thatched hut He walks to the east to a sick child in order to nurse him To the west to a tired mother in order to shoulder her sheaf of rice To the south to a man near the end in order to tell him no need to be scared To the north to the quarrel and the conflict in order to tell them not to waste their time He drops his tears to a drought but can only wonder around in a cold summer Everyone calls him blockhead No one appreciates him No one cares about him He is the person whom I want to be (Kenji Miyazawa, He goes through the rain ) </li></ul>
    9. 9. A Haiku example <ul><li>I walk across sand </li></ul><ul><li>And find myself blistering </li></ul><ul><li>In the hot, hot heat </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.international.ucla.edu/shenzhen/2002ncta/cunningham/Webpage-HaikuPoems.htm) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Now it is your turn <ul><li>For about 5-10 minutes write 1-2 haikus. The seasons you can choose from include Spring or Summer </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>

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