Whatis Halloween? Is an annual holiday celebratedonOctober 31. This dayisassociatedwith the colorsblack and orange. Is stronglyassociatedwith symbols likepumpkins, witchs, blackcatsand costumes. Represent the daythat the deathspirits can come back to the world of the livepeople. The origin of the name comes from “All Hallows´Even”(the nigthbefore of SaintsDay)
HISTORY The origins of this holiday was in the celtic festival of Samhain, (“summersend”). This was a festival celebrated in Ireland and Scotland. The purpose of that festival wascelebratedthe end of the “lighterhalf” of the year and the beginnig of the “darkerhalf”. This celebration has someelements of a festival of dead, because the celticsbelievedthatborderbetween this world and the otherworldbecamethin this day, so the spiritsharmless and harmful can pass this border. The harmfulspiritswasscareawaywithmask and costumes.
When the Romans take the territory of the Celtic people they assume this cultural celebration, mixing the Samhain whit his “Harvest Party”, who include celebrations with candy apples.
In the 8th century, The Popes Gregory III and Gregory IV tried to supplant the Celtic festival with the Cristian holiday named “All Saint´s Day”, moving this day from May 13 to November 1.
Although All Saints' Day is now considered to occur one day after Halloween, so the two holidays were celebrated on the same day.
HISTORY In 1840 the Halloween comes to U.S.A., because the Irland inmigrant bringtheir cultural celebrations. Theydisseminate the history of jack-o'-lantern, basedon the Irishlegend of Stingy Jack. The firstparede of Halloween was in 1921, beggining the popular culture of Hallowen in U.S.A. The massivepopularity of Halloween in the worldbegins in the 70th, thanks to movies and TV shows. In Latinoamérica Halloween iscelebratedtoo, butincluidesourowncustoms.
PUMPKINS AND HALLOWEEN The use of the pumpkins represents the history of jack-o'-lantern, based in the Irish legend of Stingy Jack, a greedy, gamblingand hard-drinking old farmer. He tricked the devil into climbing a tree and trapped him by carving a cross into the tree trunk. In revenge, the devil placed a curse on Jack, condemning him to forever wander the earth at night with the only light he had: a candle inside of a hollowed turnip. Carve a pumpkin into a frightening or comical face and place it on their doorstep after dark, is used to keep away the spirit of jack-o'-lantern. The carving of pumpkins is associated with Halloween in North America where pumpkins are much easier to carve than turnips.
TRICK OR TREAT The origins of this traditionisconnectedwith the legend of jack-o'-lantern, because this evil spirit was going house to house asking for trick or treat. If the people in the house don´t made the treat, the trick was a terrible course for all, like illness by the family and the animals. These days, trick-or-treat is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, "Trick or treat?“ If the owner of the house don´t make the treat, probably is going to receive eggs in his door.
COSTUMES Halloween costumes are traditionally those of monsters such as ghosts, skeletons, witches, and devils. They are used to scare off demons. Costumes are also based on themes other than traditional horror, such as those of characters from television shows, movies, and other pop culture icons. However, the kids now are using costumes more appropriatefor his age, like cute animals and popular comics of infantile TV shows.
MOVIES Halloween (1978) and all hissequels Friday the 13th Night of the Living Dead Warlock The Fog Poltergeist Dracula Frankestein The Mummy The Exorcist ElmStreetNightmare Werewolf The Nightmarebefore Christmas
MUSIC Thriller Family Adams GhostBusters Tales from de Crypt MonsterMash Helloween X-Files DraculaTheme Ghost