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Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
Lo T5 M7
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Lo T5 M7

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Transcript

  • 1. Topic 5: Utilising business computing skills
    Module 7: Graphs, charts and spreadsheets.
  • 2. Introduction to graphs and charts:
    For presentations and statistics
    Used to highlight, explain or summarise all kinds of data.
    In:
    Documents
    Reports
    Articles
    Presentations
    Slide shows
    Terminology:
    Diagram
    Graph
    Chart
    Templates
  • 3. Diagrams:
    Line drawing showing something’s structure in a simplified format:
    Organogram:
  • 4. Hierarchy:
  • 5. List:
  • 6. Cycle:
  • 7. Relationship:
  • 8. Matrix:
  • 9. Pyramid:
  • 10. How do I add a diagram?
    In MS PowerPoint:
    When opening a new slide show, there will be an icon on the page. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: SmartArt. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 11. In MS Word:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: SmartArt. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
    In MS Excel:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: SmartArt. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 12. Graph:
    Special diagram:
    Shows relationship between two or more viable amounts or quantities.
    These quantities are represented on a pair of axes:
    Horizontal X axis
    Vertical Y axis
    They intersect each other at right angles of 90◦
    Used regularly used in:
    Mathematics
    Economics
    Finance
    Marketing
    Medical science
    Engineering
    Other technical fields
  • 13. Process:
  • 14. Kinds of graphs:
    Stacked Line:
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
    Shows trend of each value’s contribution over time or categories or percentages.
  • 15. Line Graph:
    Shows trend over time or categories: speed, hours, profit, months, population, years, temperatures, days, depreciation in rand value, years.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 16. Line graph with markers:
    Displays markers at each data value.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 17. Clustered Column:
    Or Bar graph. Compares values across categories in separate columns.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 18. Bar:
    Compares values across categories. Also stacked bar graphs and percentage stacked bar graphs.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 19. Area graph:
    Based on the line graph, shows magnitude (extend) of change over time.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 20. Stock:
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 21. Stacked column graph:
    Compares contribution of each value to a total across categories.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 22. Percentage stacked column:
    Compares percentage each value contributes to a total across categories:
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 23. Exploded pie:
    Emphasised individual values.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 24. Scatter plot:Compares pairs of values.
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 25. Another Scatter:
    Y
    A
    X
    I
    s
    X axis
  • 26. How do I add a graph?
    In MS PowerPoint:
    When opening a new slide show, there will be an chart icon on the page. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 27. In MS Word:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
    In MS Excel:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 28. Chart:
    A sheet of information:
    Text
    Graphics
    Presented in the form of a:
    diagram
    Graph
    Large table
  • 29. Spreadsheet:
  • 30. 3 D Pie:
    Displays contribution of each value of a single data series to a total value. Data is displayed as a percentage of the whole.
  • 31. Doughnut:
    Can contain multiple data series as part of a whole.
  • 32. Radar:
  • 33. How do I add a chart?
    In MS PowerPoint:
    When opening a new slide show, there will be an chart icon on the page. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 34. In MS Word:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
    In MS Excel:
    (VISTA) On the Insert toolbar an option appears: Chart. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different diagrams.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 35. Templates:
    On every MS Office program there are different templates that are available without having to go on the internet.
    You can also create your own template for future use. This is very useful if you know that you write the same type of document frequently. For instance: Meeting minutes.
  • 36. Online Templates:
    Different types of online templates:
    Business and finance:
    Organisation charts
    Problem analysis chart
    Cost analysis chart
    Revenue trend chart
    Enterprise planning diagram
    Project flowchart
    Industry:
    Manufacturing output chart
    Production errors chart
    Run chart(print runs of books)
    Control chart
    Troubleshooting diagram
    Computing:
    WAN (wide area network) design
    Site planning guideline
    Technical overview diagram
    Medical and health:
    Fitness progress chart for men or woman
    Blood sugar chart
    Baby growth chart
    Other:
    Family tree chart
    Cause and effect diagram
    Some are named after their shape:
    Pyramid diagram
    Tree diagram
    Relationship diagram
    Cycle diagram
    Matrix diagram
    List diagram
    Hierarchy diagram
    Process diagram
    Rack diagram
    Channel diagram
    Segment diagram
  • 37. How do I open a template?
    In MS PowerPoint:
    When opening a new slide show, there will be a page opening. You can choose a format for your presentation.
    (VISTA) On the Home toolbar an option appears: Layout. When clicking on the icon, it will open a window with different layouts for your presentation.
    (Windows 2000)
  • 38. In MS Word:
    (VISTA) On the Main toolbar, click on home, new. A new page opens and templates appear.
    (Windows 2000) On the Main toolbar, click on file, home, new. A new page opens and templates appear.
    In MS Excel:
    (VISTA) On the Main toolbar, click on home, new. A new page opens and templates appear.
    (Windows 2000) On the Main toolbar, click on file, home, new. A new page opens and templates appear.

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