The united nations & transnational feminist organizations

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The united nations & transnational feminist organizations

  1. 1. Dr. Sarah Rainey
  2. 2. <ul><li>1880-1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of activism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elite men and women </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-colonialism and nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffrage, peace, equal access to education, labor legislation, temperance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International organizations dominated by Western feminisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Feminist Orientalism” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1945-1975 </li></ul><ul><li>More non-western organizations begin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>post-colonial period and nationalist agendas </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1945 </li></ul><ul><li>1946: Commission on the Status of Women </li></ul><ul><li>1948: Declaration of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>1975: International Women’s Year </li></ul><ul><li>1975-1985: Decade for Women </li></ul><ul><li>1975: Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>1980: Copenhagen </li></ul><ul><li>1985: Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>1995: Beijing </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Parallel meetings at every UN Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of women’s perspectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What counts as a “woman’s issue” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty, rights, education, work, violence, war…. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1985- </li></ul><ul><li>Shift in power from North to South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60% Nairobi attendees from global south </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consensus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rights based approach” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Human Rights (especially eliminating Violence Against Women) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Quotas </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gender Responsive Budgets” </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microcredit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trafficking </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Media & Communication </li></ul><ul><li>NGOization of women’s groups </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy and education </li></ul><ul><li>UN policies and oversight </li></ul>

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