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Puberty

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  • Question Box: Answer questions. We are going to watch a video that describes the changes girls & boys go through during puberty. Before we do that, lets talk about some of the terms that will be used in the video. Overhead female & male reproductive system. Anus- opening from which feces leave the body Bladder- holds urine it is not part of the reproductive system Cervix – Narrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina Clitoris- sensitive organ at the top of the vulva Fallopian tube- two tubes through which an egg cell travels from an ovary to the uterus Labia- folds of skin on either side of the vagina Ovaries- organs where egg cells and female sex hormones are produced Urethra -tube through which urine in females, in males urine or sperm exits the body Uterus- pear-shaped reproductive organ in which the baby grows and develops until birth Vagina- passage between the uterus and the outside of the body Vulva- area between a female’s legs Foreskin -fold of skin over the head (end) of the penis (uncircumcised). Penis- organ used when urinating or for reproduction. Scrotum -pouch that contains the testes. Testes or Testicles-glands that produce sperm & testosterone. Vas deferens -tubes through which sperm exit the testes. 5 grade Lesson 2 (B-3 pg 37-38)
  • Let’s watch a video that talks about how it feels to grow up as a female & male. It will explain some of the changes that will take place in girls & boys. It is called “We’re Growing Up.” Show the video. Ask if there are any questions or comments? Clarify confusing topics. Tell the students individual differences are normal. Emphasize the important responsibility of taking care of their bodies. A big part of the changes during puberty is the development of the reproductive system. Just because a person’s body is capable of making a baby does not mean he or she is ready to be a parent. You have a lot of growing and learning to do before you will be ready to be responsible for a baby . Remember you can always talk to your parents of other adults you trust if you ever have a questions or want more information about the changes you go through as you grow up. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-3 pg 38-40)
  • Show differences with the torso or overhead. It is important for girls to wipe themselves from the front to the back after going to the bathroom. This prevents germs from being wiped into the vagina and urethra. It is important for boys and girls to wash daily with soap and water. This keeps them clean and helps prevent body odor, especially during puberty when more sweat is produced. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-3 pg 39)
  • Let’s learn more about what happens inside a girl’s or women’s Body during her menstrual cycle or period or menses. 5 th grade Lesson 2 B-4 pg 49.
  • Distribute student activity sheet: “ Ovulation and Menstruation ” Display transparency “ Ovulation and Menstruation ” Have them get out red pink and blue color crayons or markers; complete worksheets to match transparency. Days 1-7 The menstrual flow, also called menses or a period, begins and usually lasts from three to seven days. The lining of the uterus thins. Color a red flow exiting the vagina. Days 7-14 The lining of the uterus begins to get thicker. Color a pink thin lining in the uterus. Day 14 An ovum (human egg cell) is released from one of the ovaries. Make a blue dot in 1 of the ovaries, then 1 inside of the Fallopian tube Days 14-17 The ovum travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus. If it is not fertilized it dies and passes out of the body. Make a of blue dots traveling down the Fallopian tube, uterus & exit the vagina Days 14-28 The lining of the uterus continues to thicken. Color the pink lining in the uterus to make it thicker. Day 1 The menstrual flow begins again, the lining of the uterus thins, the whole cycle repeats. Color a red flow exiting the vagina. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-4 pg 50)
  • Show glass with 2 – 6 ounces . It looks like there is more blood lost during menstruation than there really is. Some girls and women have cramps or other premenstrual symptoms. Each individual is different. During menstruation you can do any activity you want. Most girls and women have a period once a month from the time of puberty until around age 50 (except during pregnancy). After that, eggs are no longer released and a woman cannot have babies anymore. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-4 pg 51)
  • Until a girl is able to use a tampon, she will not want to swim during the days she has heavier flow. It might be easier to start with napkins and try tampons later once you are comfortable with your menstrual cycle and your body. A girl will need to wash her vulva and change sanitary pads frequently during menstruation in order to stay clean and avoid a noticeable menstrual odor. Typically, young girls are very anxious about the possibility of menstruation beginning unexpectedly while at school . There are sanitary items available in the nurse’s office if the unexpected happens. 5 th grade lesson 2 (B-4 pg 52)
  • Name some ways people can get answers to questions about growing up. Write student ideas on the board. Show overhead of accurate information. Point out; Parents are likely to be a more accurate source of information than your friends. Plus, they have already been through puberty & know what it’s like to go through it. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 68)
  • Distribute the Student Activity Sheet, “My Personal Puberty Plan,” to each student . As we talk about the changes you will face, take notes on your activity sheet. In the top left square, list some changes you will face as you grow up. In the top right square, describe what you can do to help your self with each challenge you listed. We will complete the lower two squares later. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 68)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (pg 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 77, 83-84)
  • 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 77, 83-84)
  • Many of you will probably choose to become parents in the future. That is another reason why it is important for each of you to take care of yourself today. Keeping your body, healthy now will improve the health of any future children you may have. Distribute, “Let’s Talk: I Wonder How you Learned About Puberty.” Bring the sheet back to school with your name on it & a parents signature & I will give you a good kid card. 5 th grade Lesson 2 (B-5 pg 70 & 73)
  • Activity 1: Female & Male Reproductive System. Teaching Materials : Overhead of (Male, Female, & combined Male/Female Reproductive System), (Ovulation & Menstruation). Distribute, Student Activity Sheet of (Ovulation & Menstruation). Video: “ We’re Growing Up’ . Students need: makers or crayons (red, pink, & blue). Teacher need: water based markers (same colors) & 6 oz. Of red colored water. Activity 2: Accurate Sources of Information. Teaching Materials : Overhead or Power point of “Accurate Sources of Information.’ Activity 3: My Personal Puberty Plan. Teaching Materials : Distribute, Activity Sheet to students, “ MY Personal Puberty Plan ”, Power point or overhead of (Puberty Pointers for Girls). At the end of class distribute, “ Let’s Talk: I Wonder How You Learned About Puberty.”

Puberty Puberty Presentation Transcript

  • Female & Male Reproductive System Terminology
  • We’re Growing Up video
  • Differences and Similarities
    • Males have two openings for excreting waste and for reproduction. On males, the opening at the end of the penis is called the urethra. Both urine and semen come out here, but not at the same time. Farther back is the opening called the anus. Feces exits here.
    • Females have three openings for excreting waste and for reproduction. On females, the front opening between their legs is called the urethra. Urine is the only thing that comes out from a female’s urethra. The middle opening is the vagina. This is where menstrual flow exits. The back opening is the anus, where feces exits.
  • Menstruation
    • One of the normal changes that takes place in girls as they go through puberty. It is a very clear sign that a girl is growing into a woman. Once a girl begins menstruating, she knows that her body is prepared to have a baby at some time in the future if she decides to have children. It is important to wait until she is an adult, has accomplished her goals for her education, and is ready to accept the life-long responsibility for raising a child. It is important for boys to wait to be a parent for the same reasons.
  • Ovulation and Menstruation
    • Color a red flow exiting the vagina.
    • Color a pink thin lining in the uterus.
    • Make a blue dot in one of the ovaries, then in just inside the Fallopian tube.
    • Make a series of blue dots traveling down the Fallopian tube, through the uterus and out the vagina.
    • Color the pink lining of the uterus to make it thicker.
    • Color a red flow exiting the vagina.
  • Things you should know
    • The amount of blood loss during each period is only 2-6 ounces
    • Menstruation does not hurt.
    • During menstruation, a girl can do any activities she normally does.
    • When discussing menstruation girls and boys should display maturity and sensitivity
  • More things girls should know
    • Exercising or swimming during menstruation is fine.
    • The decision about whether to use a sanitary napkins or tampons or both is up to each person & your mom.
    • Sanitary napkins and tampons should be changed at least every 4 hours or every time you go to the bathroom.
    • Teachers, parents and other adults are ready to help with questions and problems.
  • Accurate Sources of Information
    • Parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, older siblings
    • Other trusted adults
    • Doctors, nurses, health educators,
    • Teachers, counselors
    • Pastors, priests, rabbis
    • Libraries, reference books, health departments
    • Internet sites of reputable organizations
  • My Personal Puberty Plan Student Activity Sheet
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Reduce body and foot odor.
    • Bathe or shower daily.
    • Use underarm deodorant & antiperspirant daily.
    • Change clothes daily.
    • Understand that people of various cultures have differing practices and opinions regarding body odors.
    • Care for skin.
    • Keep skin clean.
    • Drink plenty of water.
    • Ask parents about the use of acne medications.
    • Keep hair clean and off the forehead.
    • Change and wash the pillowcase regularly.
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Keep hair healthy.
    • Shampoo frequently enough to keep it from being oily.
    • Brush and/or comb hair daily.
    • Know how to handle cramps.
    • Not everyone has them.
    • Exercise can help.
    • Warm bath or heating pad.
    • Medication can relieve cramps.
  • Puberty pointers for girls
    • Be prepared for menstruation.
    • Keep track of your periods on a calendar.
    • Carry a pad in purse or backpack a couple days before you expect your period.
    • Carry change in case you need to buy sanitary products.
    • Change pads every few hours as needed.
    • Do NOT flush pads throw in waste basket.
    • Shower or bathe daily.
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Recognize normal vaginal secretions.
    • A clear odorless discharge is normal at times during the month.
    • Do not douche or put deodorant in the vagina. The vagina is self cleaning.
    • Avoid vaginal infections.
    • Any discharge that is colored, strong odor, or itches call a doctor.
    • Always wipe from front to the back.
    • Wash your hands before and after changing your pad.
    • Wear cotton underwear.
    • Bubble bath is irritating for some girls and should be avoided.
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Form Healthy Relationships.
    • With people of both genders so you can know people as individuals.
    • With people of all ages so you can learn how to relate to a variety of people.
    • With people of different races, cultures, abilities, & interests. You will learn about yourself and about others.
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Anticipate crushes.
    • It is normal for boys & girls to have crushes on people they fine attractive.
    • When this happens, you might want to be near them, feel self-conscious & embarrassed.
    • Most people have many crushes before they meet someone they fall in love with.
    • Sometimes people feel admiration for someone older, like a teacher. This is normal you are not required to act on feelings.
  • Puberty Pointers for Girls
    • Understand curiosity.
    • During puberty, curiosity about the other sex increases.
    • Remember: no one has the right to touch another person without his/her permission.
    • Each person must keep his/her hands off others as a sign of respect for the other person.
    • If anyone touches you in an inappropriate way, tell someone, so help can be obtained.
  • Summary
    • List two things you can do to take care of your body as you go through puberty.
    • Remember to ask questions and to talk with someone you trust regarding changes that you are going through.
  • 5 th Grade Lesson 2 Teaching Materials
    • Power point
    • Overhead
    • Video: We’re GrowingUP
    • Pencil,markers/crayon (red, pink, & blue)
    • Question Box
    • 6 oz. red colored water
    • Tampons, sanitary pads
    • Student copies of:
    • Ovulation & Menstruation
    • My Personal Puberty Plan
    • Let’s Talk: I Wonder How You Learned About Puberty
    http://generalheatlhinformation.co.cc