Types of government
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Types of government

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A presentation on types of government, designed for 7th graders.

A presentation on types of government, designed for 7th graders.

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Types of government Types of government Presentation Transcript

  • Types of Governments Chapter 3 * 7 th Grade World Cultures Ms. Mohan, Ms. Stewart, & Ms. Hopper
  • Democratic/Limited Government
    • Direct Democracy
    • Representative Democracy (presidential democracy, parliamentary democracy, or parl. dem. with a constitutional monarchy)
    • Constitutional Monarchy
    • Absolute Monarchy
    • Dictatorship
    Authoritarian/Unlimited Government
  • Direct Democracy
    • People govern themselves by voting on issues directly & individually as citizens.
    • Ex. City-State of Athens in Ancient Greece (5 th to 4 th Century BC)
    • Parts of Switzerland
  • Thucydides Pericles
  • Where is Switzerland??
  • Disadvantages of Direct Democracy
    • People must be interested and actively involved.
    • Complex policies may not be understood by all voters.
    • Practical in small communities, not large modern nations. Ex: towns in New England (a region in the USA)
  • Representative Democracy
    • People vote for representatives
    • This gives representatives the responsibility and power to make laws and run the government.
    • By voting, the people give the “power” to those representatives– people who represent their interests in government
  • Representative Democracy EXAMPLES
    • United States
    • France
    • Russia
  •  
  • Problems with Representative Democracy
    • Voter apathy (lack of concern)
      • * Only 61% of eligible people voted in 2008 presidential elections
      • Some countries, like Australia, have made voting compulsory : you MUST vote or you will be charged a fine
    • Divisive two-party systems (most countries have 3 or more major political parties)
  • Constitutional Monarchy
    • A monarch inherits the right to rule
    • BUT the monarch is limited by a lawmaking body elected by the people!
  • Constitutional Monarchy
    • The monarch has a ceremonial role in representing the government.
    • * LIMITED by the Constitution (laws)
    • Ex. The U.K., Sweden, Spain, Japan.
  • Absolute Monarchy
    • A monarch inherits their position and complete and unlimited power.
    • Usually claim that they have been chosen by God to rule.
    • Examples:
    • Historically: King Louis XVI (ruled France 1643-1715) Currently : King Abdullah (ruled Saudi Arabia 2005 to present)
  • King Louis XIV
  • King Abdullah
  •  
  • Dictatorship
    • A single leader who holds extraordinary power that is not based on heredity (being born into a certain family).
    • Makes all laws & suppresses opposition
    • Examples:
    • 1. Cuba: Fidel Castro
      • 2. Germany :Adolf Hitler (1933-1945),
    • 3. Iraq: Saddam Hussein (1979-2003)
  • Fidel Castro
  • Adolf Hitler
  • Saddam Hussein
  • “ President” or “King” (but really dictators in every sense of the term…)
    • Why?
    • Disputed “elections”
    • Disappearance of/threats to people in opposition
    • Restriction on media/Internet
  • This concludes the presentation on governments for Chapter 3 Is your chart complete? Read on for further explanations of governments…
  •  
  • An extension on other types of Governments
  • Presidential Democracy
    • A type of representative democracy
    • Constitution separates the executive branch from the legislative and judicial branches (separation of powers).
    • Executive branch is led by a president
    • Ex. U.S.; Mexico; Brazil; Algeria; Indonesia.
  • Judicial: Executive: Legislative: Enforces Laws Interprets Laws Makes Laws Presidential System
  • Parliamentary Democracy
    • Constitution combines executive and legislative functions in the Parliament
    • Parliament is led by the Prime Minister, generally the leader of the majority party
    • Ex. Italy; Germany; Israel, India; Ethiopia.
  • Judicial Executive Legislative Enforces Laws Interprets Laws Makes Laws Parliamentary System with Constitutional Monarchy Monarch