Types of government


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A presentation on types of government, designed for 7th graders.

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Types of government

  1. 1. Types of Governments Chapter 3 * 7 th Grade World Cultures Ms. Mohan, Ms. Stewart, & Ms. Hopper
  2. 2. Democratic/Limited Government <ul><li>Direct Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy (presidential democracy, parliamentary democracy, or parl. dem. with a constitutional monarchy) </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship </li></ul>Authoritarian/Unlimited Government
  3. 3. Direct Democracy <ul><li>People govern themselves by voting on issues directly & individually as citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. City-State of Athens in Ancient Greece (5 th to 4 th Century BC) </li></ul><ul><li>Parts of Switzerland </li></ul>
  4. 4. Thucydides Pericles
  5. 5. Where is Switzerland??
  6. 6. Disadvantages of Direct Democracy <ul><li>People must be interested and actively involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Complex policies may not be understood by all voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Practical in small communities, not large modern nations. Ex: towns in New England (a region in the USA) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Representative Democracy <ul><li>People vote for representatives </li></ul><ul><li>This gives representatives the responsibility and power to make laws and run the government. </li></ul><ul><li>By voting, the people give the “power” to those representatives– people who represent their interests in government </li></ul>
  8. 8. Representative Democracy EXAMPLES <ul><li>United States </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul>
  9. 10. Problems with Representative Democracy <ul><li>Voter apathy (lack of concern) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>* Only 61% of eligible people voted in 2008 presidential elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some countries, like Australia, have made voting compulsory : you MUST vote or you will be charged a fine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Divisive two-party systems (most countries have 3 or more major political parties) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>A monarch inherits the right to rule </li></ul><ul><li>BUT the monarch is limited by a lawmaking body elected by the people! </li></ul>
  11. 12. Constitutional Monarchy <ul><li>The monarch has a ceremonial role in representing the government. </li></ul><ul><li>* LIMITED by the Constitution (laws) </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. The U.K., Sweden, Spain, Japan. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A monarch inherits their position and complete and unlimited power. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually claim that they have been chosen by God to rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Historically: King Louis XVI (ruled France 1643-1715) Currently : King Abdullah (ruled Saudi Arabia 2005 to present) </li></ul>
  13. 14. King Louis XIV
  14. 15. King Abdullah
  15. 17. Dictatorship <ul><li>A single leader who holds extraordinary power that is not based on heredity (being born into a certain family). </li></ul><ul><li>Makes all laws & suppresses opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cuba: Fidel Castro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Germany :Adolf Hitler (1933-1945), </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Iraq: Saddam Hussein (1979-2003) </li></ul>
  16. 18. Fidel Castro
  17. 19. Adolf Hitler
  18. 20. Saddam Hussein
  19. 21. “ President” or “King” (but really dictators in every sense of the term…) <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Disputed “elections” </li></ul><ul><li>Disappearance of/threats to people in opposition </li></ul><ul><li>Restriction on media/Internet </li></ul>
  20. 22. This concludes the presentation on governments for Chapter 3 Is your chart complete? Read on for further explanations of governments…
  21. 24. An extension on other types of Governments
  22. 25. Presidential Democracy <ul><li>A type of representative democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution separates the executive branch from the legislative and judicial branches (separation of powers). </li></ul><ul><li>Executive branch is led by a president </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. U.S.; Mexico; Brazil; Algeria; Indonesia. </li></ul>
  23. 26. Judicial: Executive: Legislative: Enforces Laws Interprets Laws Makes Laws Presidential System
  24. 27. Parliamentary Democracy <ul><li>Constitution combines executive and legislative functions in the Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament is led by the Prime Minister, generally the leader of the majority party </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Italy; Germany; Israel, India; Ethiopia. </li></ul>
  25. 28. Judicial Executive Legislative Enforces Laws Interprets Laws Makes Laws Parliamentary System with Constitutional Monarchy Monarch