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difference structuralism & post-structuralism


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  • Hi Saryu,
    Though it is bit difficult topic,but u have done very well on this presentation by describing the difference between Structuralism and Post Structuralism..hence,u depicted very well....
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  • Sceptical means to doubt something. So in Post structuralism every work should be read with some doubt in mind to deconstruct that work. Means not to accept anything as it is but to doubt everything. It is post structuralism in simple terms.
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  • Hi Saryu,
    This is good presentation. Here also you did good use of smart art. Here in one point you said that post structuralism is sceptical or we find scepticism here. So will you please explain me in brief about it.
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  • 1. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Name: Saryu D. Baraiya Subject: Literary Theory & Criticism (Paper-VII) Roll No: 27 Study: M.A. Year: Semester – II Submitted to: Department of English University: Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University
  • 2. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Structuralism: o It is a literary theory. o It can be related it with text and make study of text. o System of recurrent patterns or motifs. o Studied the underlying structure. Post-structuralism: o Post-structuralism is a response to Structuralism. o The rejection of the self-sufficiency of the structures. o Closely related to Post-modernism. o Argues that study of underlying structure is reason of bias and misinterpretation. o Study must be done on base of knowledge.
  • 3. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism  Two types of differences: Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Difference Theoretical Difference
  • 4. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Theoretical Difference Origins Tone and Style Attitude to Language Project By
  • 5. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Origin Structuralism Post-structuralism  Derives from Linguistics.  Observe accurately.  Collect data systematically.  Logical deduction.  Able to find reliable conclusion.  Inherits Scientific outlook.  Believes in system, method and reason.  Able to establish reliable truth.  Derives from Philosophy.  It is just oral.  Sceptical by nature.  Usually undercuts.  Questions notions and assumption.  Inherits habit of scepticism.  Fully conscious about the irony and paradox.
  • 6. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Tone & Style Structuralism Post-structuralism  Abstraction and Generalization  Derivation from linguistic science  Example: ‘Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narrative’ (1966) by Roland Barthes.  Tone: Typical  Step by step exposition.  Complete with diagrams  Style: Neutral and Typical  Scientific writing  Aim: Scientific coolness  Much more emotive  Bas on a word play  Puns and Allusion  Tone: Urgent and Euphoric  Style: Flamboyant and Self- consciously showy  Aim: An engaged warmth
  • 7. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Attitude to Language Structuralism Post-structuralism  The linguistic medium  An orderly system  Not choice  Use: To think and to perceive  Language is threat  Reality is textual  Not achieving any knowledge through language  Verbal sign  Meanings are fluid  Not fully in control of language  Constantly ‘SLIPPAGE’ of subject  Metaphorical base of words Use: to deconstruct a text
  • 8. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Project By Structuralism Post-structuralism  Questions our way of structuring and categorizing reality  Free of habitual modes of perception or categorization  More reliable view of thing  Much more fundamental  Human being as an independent entity  Individual is a product of social and linguistic force  Tissue of textualities  Scepticism as torch  Burn away intellectual ground  Western civilization built on it
  • 9. Differences: Structuralism & Post-structuralism Practical Differences: Structuralism Post-structuralism o Parallels / Echoes o Balances oReflections / Repetitions o Symmetry o Contrasts o Patterns o Effect: to show textual unity and coherence o Contradictions/ Paradox o Shifts/ Breaks in: Tone, Viewpoint, Tense, Time, Person, Attitude o Conflicts o Absences/ Omissions o Linguistic quirks o Aporia o Effect: to show textual disunity
  • 10. Thank you….