DEFINITION• Participatory approach is based on solvingthe learner’s problem in real life, using thetarget language as a tool this porpose.Learners bring their outside problems intoclass.• Participatory approach are geared towardsplanning and condacting the researchprocess with those people whose life-wordand meaningful actions are under study.
Typelogy of participation1. Passive participation2. Participation in information giving3. Participation by consultation4. Functional participation5. Interactive participation6. Self-mobilisation
The goal of participatoty approach• Is to help student to understand thesocial, historical or cultural forces thataffect their lives, and then to helpempower students to take action andmake decision in order to gain controlover their lives
Advantages of PA• Participation carries with it feelings ofownership, and builds a strong base for theintervention in the community• It can bring together and establish ties amongcommunity members who might normally haveno contact• A participatory planning process builds trust• A participatory planning process generallyreflects the mission and goals of grass roots andcommunity-based organizations
Disadvantages• A participatory process takes longer• Members of the target population or thecommunity may not agree with the"experts about what is needed”• It may be difficult to assure that all theright people get to the table.• A participatory planning process takespatience and commitment on everyonespart.
Participatoryapproach use twoelements, theyare:1. Group work(discussion)2. Publick speaking
conclusion• Participatory approach is based on solvingthe learner’s problem in real life, using thetarget language as a tool this porpose.Learners bring their outside problems intoclass.This method can build confidences of thestudent so that be active in the communitybased-organization and in their lives