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Barriers To Entry

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  • 1. BARRIERS TO ENTRY ANALYSIS
    Group 8
    Sana Nabi
    KirtiSiddapur
    Mandanna TM
    Rohan Nair
    SudiptaSar
  • 2. Barriers to Entry
    Definition:
    The term refers to hindrances that an individual may face while trying to gain entrance into a profession or trade. Barriers to entry restrict competition in a market.
  • 3. Reliance Telecommunications
    Product differentiation
    Economies of scale
    Customer loyalty
    TRAI Regulations and policies
  • 4. New Entrant
    TATA DOCOMO
    Branding Perception
  • 5. Petrochemicals Industry overview
    Production process – Cracking Crude Oil and Polymerization (polymers, polyesters, fibre intermediaries and other industrial chemicals)
    4 main players
    Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL)
    Indian petrochemicals Corporation Ltd (IPCL)
    Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL)
    Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd (HPL)
    RIL and IPCL account for 70% of production capacity in India
  • 6. Petrochemical Industry – Entry Barriers
    Capital Requirements
    The minimum economic size of an integrated plant is around 1 million tonnes per annum
    High lead-time before the assets generates a reasonable return on investments
    Investment in R&D
    Economies of Scale
    Lower operating costs
    Product Differentiation
    Minimal product differentiation, ccompetition is largely price based
    International competition from countries like China and other South East Asian countries
    Manufacturing flexibility
    Level of integration in operations
  • 7. Petrochemical Industry – Entry Barriers contd..
    Government Policy
    Deregulation in Natural Gas pricing
    Lowering of Import duties
    Technology requirement
    Developed in-house and kept as a closely guarded secret
    Competitive advantage
  • 8.
  • 9. BARRIERS OF ENTRY
    ECONOMICS OF SCALE
    CAPITAL INVESTMENT
    GOVERNMENT POLICIES
  • 10. ECONOMICS OF SCALE
    Hindustan Zinc Limited
    Bharat Aluminum Company
    Sesa Goa
    Neyveli Lignite Corporation
    National Aluminum Company
    Hindalco Industries
    Dempo
  • 11.
  • 12. CAPITAL INVESTMENT
    WHEEL LOADER
    TRUCK LOADER
    EXCAVATOR
  • 13. Articulated Trucks
  • 14. GOVERNMENT POLICIES
    The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1958
    The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1972
    The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1986
    The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1994
    The Mines and Minerals (Regulation and Development) Amendment Act, 1999 
  • 15. the minimum period of a mining lease is twenty years and a maximum period of thirty years.
    Area restrictions notified for reconnaissance
    permit, prospecting license and mining lease have been made applicable state-wise, instead of the country as a whole.
  • 16. In the interest of scientific mining, minimum area for grant of mining lease has been fixed as one hectare in respect of small deposits (including float ore deposits), two hectares for beach sands or placers; and four hectares for all other mineral deposits.
  • 17. The royalty that companies have to pay state governments for extracting minerals is around 2-3 per cent of the price that minerals fetch in the market! 
  • 18. Entry Barriers For
  • 19. Entry Barriers for the Industry
    Capital requirement
    - Plant, location, machines etc.
    Distribution channels
    Economies of scale
  • 20. Government policy
    Ex: Environment Stds, Safety, Export & Import Duties etc
    Advertisements
    Globalizations
  • 21. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd
    Leading four wheeler automobile manufacturer in south Asia.
    Leader in small car segment
    Most trusted automobile brand in India
    Large domestic Market Share.
  • 22. MSIL
    Efficient after sales service,2628 Authorized Service stations
    Advertisements
    Efficient Distribution channels
  • 23. MSIL
    Additional service:-
    Maruti insurance
    - Vehicle insurance as a value added service.
    Maruti finance
    -To Promote bottom line growth
    Maruti True value
    Maruti driving school
    - As a CSR Initiative
  • 24. Entry Barriers for MSIL
    Product Differentiation
    Technology
  • 25.
  • 26. Barriers to entry-Consultancy
    High Barriers to Entry-Low exit barriers
    High profit margins
  • 27. Barriers to Entry- New Entrant
    Customer loyalty
    Network Effect
    Intellectual Property
    Globalization
  • 28. Barriers of entry-Mindtree
    Service Differentiation
    Poaching
    Local Networks
    R&D
  • 29. Non Disclosure Agreement
    A non-disclosure agreement (NDA is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to by third parties.
    It is a contract through which the parties agree not to disclose information covered by the agreement.
  • 30. Non-compete agreement
    • A non-compete clause or covenant not to compete (CNC), is a term used in contract law under which one party (usually an employee) agrees not to pursue a similar profession or trade in competition against another party (usually the employer).
    • 31. As a contract provision, a CNC is bound by traditional contract requirements including the consideration doctrine..
  • Patent
    A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state (national government) to an inventor or their assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for a public disclosure of an invention.
  • 32. THANK YOU