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Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers
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Role of icts as enabler for agriculture and small scale farmers

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  • 1. Role of ICTs as enablers for agriculture and small-scale farmers Roxanna Samii International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) WCCA/IAALD/AFITA joint conference 24-27 August 2008
  • 2. IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development • International financial institution • Specialized United Nations agencies • Dedicated exclusively to rural poverty and agriculture • Mission and mandate: Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty
  • 3. Agriculture: engine of growth • Agriculture is a source of livelihoods for 86% of rural people • Agriculture provides 1.3 billion jobs for small-scale farmers and landless workers • GDP growth generated by agriculture is 2-4 times more effective than growth in other sectors • More than 80% of decline in worldwide rural poverty from 1993-2002 was thanks to agriculture • Majority of poor people will live in rural areas until 2040
  • 4. Empowering poor rural people • IFAD empowers poor rural men and women by ensuring they have better access to: - natural resources - improved agricultural technologies and effective production services - financial services - markets - rural off-farm employment and enterprise development - local and national policy and programming processes
  • 5. Small-scale farmers: Future of agriculture • Improve price incentives • More public investment • Better markets • Improve access to financial services • Enhance performance of producer organizations • Innovation through science and technology
  • 6. Characteristic of ICTs serving small-scale farmers • Affordable • Scalable • Self-sustaining • Sensible • Participatory • Appropriate
  • 7. Magic formula • FOCUS on PEOPLE, not technology • Ensure ownership and appropriation • Develop local content • Ensure language and cultural pertinence • Ensure participation
  • 8. ICTs and small-scale farmers • Increase in GDP • Access to information • Competition • Blending of old and new ICTs
  • 9. First Mile project: An attempt to link small-scale farmers, traders, processors to the market • Link small producers, processors, traders and others in the market chain and help them to: - communicate better - form partnerships - learn from each other • Challenges: - Lack of access to relevant information and ICT - Lack of ready access to key players in the market chain (processor, traders and consumers)
  • 10. First Mile Project: The approach • Focus on PEOPLE and social aspects • Focus on CONTENT and APPROPRIATE technology • Blend old and new technology
  • 11. The First Mile Project: The impact • Farmers create and use local demand-driven content • Farmers empowered to sell products to best buyer • Access to time-sensitive information • Blending of ICTs can help gain and disseminate market intelligence • Increase in income from 6 million to 23.4 million shilling • Farmers are knowledge brokers and innovative
  • 12. First Mile Project: The lessons • Build collaboration before infrastructure • Blend the old and new ICTs • When local innovation drives technology, it also drives change • Local knowledge is relevant knowledge
  • 13. What is holding up adoption of ICTs in agriculture? • Lack of understanding and awareness of the needs and challenges of small-scale farmers • Failure to use participatory approaches • Lack of systematic inclusion of ICTs in national poverty reduction strategy • Building the capacity of communities and local organizations to lead and own the process of appropriation • Fragmented coordination among donors • Convergence of old and new technology to create a three-tier system: public, commercial and community
  • 14. Thank you • www.ifad.org • www.ifad.org/rural/firstmile • www.ruralpovertyportal.org www.linkinglearners.net

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