SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION

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SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION BY MPRLP SHAHDOL

SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION BY MPRLP SHAHDOL

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  • 1. /kku l?kurk Ik)fr ¼,l- vkj- vkbZ½ System of Rice Intensification (S.R.I.) esMkxkLdj /kku mRiknu fof/k e/;izns’k xzkeh.k vkthfodk ifj;kstuk] 'kgMksy
  • 2. Hkkjr ,oa e/;izns'k esa /kku dk {ks=Qy ,oa mRikndrk fooj.k Hkkjr Ek/;izns’k {ks=Qy] yk[k gsDVs;j 424 17 mRikndrk] fd xzk@gs 2051 1074
  • 3. Ek-iz- ds izeq[k /kku mRikfnr ftys {ks=Qy dqy ftyk {ks=Qy ftyk ¼yk[k gs-½ {ks=Qy ¼%½ ¼u-½ ¼yk[k gs-½ ckyk?kkV (2.50), 'kgMksy (2.08) flouh (1.16), dVuh (1.11) Lkh/kh (1.27) jhok (1.45) >1.0 69 8 11.8 lruk (1.13) eaMyk (1.10) tcyiqj (0.61), fMaMkSjh (0.76) 0.5 > 1.0 14 4 2.55 neksg (0.55), iUuk (0.63) cSrwy (0.43), Xokfy;j (0.43) fHkaM (0.16), [kaMok (0.23) >kcqvk (0.23), mefj;k (0.43) Nrjiqj (0.17) fNanokM+k (0.25) 0.1>0.5 14 10 2.69 Vhdex<+ (0.23) ujflagiqj ( 0.13)
  • 4. e-iz- esa 1 Vu ls vf/kd /kku mRikndrk okys ftys ftyk mRikndrk ¼fd-xzk-@gs-½ ';ksiqj 2000 - 2500 Xokfy;j fHkaM eqjSuk Ckkyk?kkV 1500-2000 nfr;k gjnk 1000-1500 Ukjflagiqj f'koiqjh Lkruk gks'kaxkckn flouh
  • 5. HOW TO INCREASE RICE PRODUCTIVITY ¼,l- vkj- vkbZ-½
  • 6. o"kZ 1983 esa Qzkal ns’k ds Qknj gsujh Mh ykmysuh }kjk flLVe vkQ jkbl bUVslhfQds’ku ¼,l- vkj- vkbZ-½ dk fodkl esMkxkLdj esa fd;k x;k A bl Ik)fr ls 7 ls 15 Vu izfr gsDVj /kku dh mRikndrk izkIr dh tk ldrh gS A
  • 7. SRI Cultivation • Less water • Less seed • Less chemical pesticides • Less chemical fertilizers • More yield in comparison to traditional cultivation SRI is neither a new variety nor a hybrid… it is only a method of rice cultivation
  • 8. Performance indicators Indicators SRI Conventional Tillers / hill 12-88 8-37 Panicles/hill 26 15 Crop duration 7-10 days less Seed Cost 10% of conventional C/B Ratio 1:1.72 - 1:4.21 1:1.43 - 1:3.54
  • 9. /kku tyh; ikS/kk ugha gS ty Hkjko dh fLFkfr esa thfor jg ldrk gS
  • 10. /kku ty Hkjko dh fLFkfr esa tM+ksa esa ,;j ikWdsV~l ¼,;jbudkbek fV’kq aerenchyma tissue) ds fuekZ.k esa ikS/kksa }kjk vf/kd mtkZ dk O;; gksrk gS A
  • 11. ty Hkjko dh fLFkfr esa 70 izfr’kr tM+sa Qwy The basic idea of SRI voLFkk rd {kfrxzLr gks tkrh gSa tMksa ds vf/kd fodkl gksus ij /kku dk ikS/kk vf/kd fdz;k’khy ,oa mRiknu nsrk gS
  • 12. ,l-vkj-vkbZ- vf/kd izHkko’khy 1- de cht ls vf/kd {ks=kPNknu ,oa vf/kd mRiknu 2- de mez dk ikS/k vf/kd fdz;k’khy ,oa vf/kd mRiknu {kerk 3- izfr fgy de ikS/k jksikbZ ls vf/kd mRiknu 4- de ty ls vf/kd iSnkokj 5- de moZjd ls vf/kd mRiknu 6- de dhVuk’kdksa }kjk dhV izca/ku
  • 13. ,l-vkj-vkbZ- ls ykHk 1. izfr bdkbZ vf/kd mRiknu 2. Qly idus dh vof/k esa deh 3. de jlk;uksa dh vko’;drk 4. de ty dh ekWax 5. de iksps cht 6. vf/kd cht Hkjko 7. vf/kd pkoy 8. e`nk LokLF; esa lq/kkj
  • 14. ,l-vkj- vkbZ- dh 6 izeq[k d`f"k fdz;k,Wa vf/kd tSo inkFkksZa dk mi;ksx jksikbZ dh i}fr esa cnyko] 10&12 fnu mez dk ikS/k jksik.k ,d fgy ij ,d ikS/kk (de cht nj 5 fd-xzk-@gs-) drkj dh vf/kd nwjh [ksr esa ty Hkjko ds cnys ueh cuk;s j[kuk e'khu }kjk fuankbZ
  • 15. tM+ ,oa ruk lajpuk esa cnyko
  • 16. /kku mRiknu rduhd mit ¼Vu@gs-½ jksikbZ i)fr ¼21 fnu ckn½ 5-2 ,l- vkj- vkbZ- 6-3 lh/kh cksokbZ 4-8
  • 17. 5- ikS/kksa dh nwjh vf/kd j[kus ls tM+ksa dh o`f) T;knk gksrh gS dals vf/kd la[;k esa fudyrs gSa A [ksr esa ok;q lapkj vPNk gksrk gS ftlls LoLF; ,oa etcwr dals fudyrs gSa rFkk ckfy;ksa esa nkuksa dk Hkjko Hkh vf/kd gksrk gSA 6- ikS/kksa dh nwjh vf/kd gksus ls tM+ksa esa /kwi ,oa ok;q dk lapkj vf/kd gksrk gS A QyLo:Ik dhVksa o chekfj;ksa dk izdksi de gksrk gS A
  • 18. jksi.kh izca/ku cht nj ikWap fdyks xzke @ gs- jksi.kh gsrq 100 oxZehVj {ks= dh vko’;drk vuqlaf’kr fdLeksa ds LoLF; chtks dk pquko mWaph D;kfj;ksa esa cqokbZ cqokbZ iwoZ ,oa cqokbZ mijkar lsUnzh; [kkn dk mi;ksx cqokbZ mijkar >kjs }kjk flapkbZ
  • 19. jksi.kh ¼ulZjh½ rS;kj djus dh fof/k jksi.kh gsrq pqus x;s [ksr dh nks & rhu ckj tqrkbZ dj c[kj pykdj feV~Vh HkqjHkqjh cuk ysa A rRi’pkr 1 ehVj pkSM+h ,oa 10 ehVj yach rFkk 15 ls-eh- mWaph D;kjh cukosa A D;kjh ds nksuksa vksj flapkbZ gsrq ukyh cuk,saA
  • 20. D;kjh rS;kj gksus ij 5 & 6 fdyksxzke ukMsi dEiksLV [kkn @ xkscj [kkn izfr oxZehVj {ks= esa feyk;saA rS;kj D;kjh esa /kku ds mipkfjr cht dks fNM+ddj iqu% Åij ls dEiksLV @ xkscj dh iph [kkn ls chtksa dks iq.kZr% <d nsaA chtksmipkj ds ckn cht dh cqokbZ djsa A esudkstsc 3 xzke nok izfr fdyksxzke cht dh nj ls mi;ksx djsaA
  • 21. [ksr dh rS;kjh ikjaifjd jksikbZ i}fr vuqlkj [ksr dh rS;kjh [ksr dk ;Fkk laHko leryh;dj.k djsa ykbZu ekdZj }kjk 25 x 25 ls-eh- dh nwjh ij fpUg yxkuk
  • 22. TYPES OF MARKERS Koundinya marker Wooden marker - 1 Roller marker (8 – Rows) Wooden marker - 2
  • 23. Wooden marker – 2 narkjh
  • 24. Essential Fertilizer Nutrients for Crops Primary Nutrient Secondary Nutrient Micro nutrient N Ca B P Mg Cu K S Fe Mn Mo Zn 1,000,000 impairs the Deficiency of 1 atoms of N biochemical atom of Mo advantages of (Katyal, 2004)
  • 25. ty izca/ku ,d fdyksxzke /kku ds fy, 5000 yhVj ty dh vko’;drk 6 &10 fe-eh- ty ekWax izfr fnu dqy ty ekWax 1240 fe-eh-
  • 26. fofHkUu Qly voLFkkvksa ij ty dh ekWax voLFkk vkSlr ty ekWax Tky ekWax (fe-eh-) (%) ulZuh 40 3.2 [ksr dh rS;kjh 200 16.1 jksikbZ ls xHkksV rd 458 37.0 xHkksV ls Qwy voLFkk rd 417 33.7 Qwy voLFkk ls Qly idus rd 125 10.0 dqy 1240 100.0
  • 27. fofHkUu Qly voLFkkvksa ij ty dh ekWax
  • 28. WEED Problem or Opportunity ??
  • 29. igyh fuankbZ jksikbZ ds vkB fnu ckn ls izR;sd 10 fnu ds varjky ls 2 ls 4 ckj drkjksa ds chp dksuksohMj gLrpfyr d`f"k ;a= rkmphxqjek ls dh tkuk pkfg, A blls [kjirokj fudyus ds lkFk lkFk Hkwfe esa gok dk vkxeu Hkh c<+rk gSA tc [ksr /kku ds ikS/kksa ls iw.kZ :Ik ls vkPNkfnr gks tkos rc fuankbZ can dj nsuk pkfg, A
  • 30. Types of Weeders Cono weeder
  • 31. Types of Weeders Single drum weeder
  • 32. Types of Weeders Mechanised weeder
  • 33. ,l-vkj-vkbZ- i)fr • flapkbZ ty 30 izfr’kr dh deh • cht dh ykxr esa 60 izfr’kr dh deh • uhank izca/ku esa 40 izfr’kr vf/kd ykxr ladj fdLesa] ftlesa vis{kkd`r cht ykxr ewY; 6 xquk vf/kd gksrk gS rFkk mRiknu {kerk T;knk gksrh gS] esa ;g i}fr vf/kd ykHkdkjh
  • 34. ljkst dqekj frokjh vuwi frokjh bZ-,-lh-vks fo"k; fo’ks"kK ¼Ñf"k½