Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos


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Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos

  1. 1. Preliminary approach of the community of primates in the protected area of Oglán Alto, Arajuno-Pastaza, Ecuador G.A. Carrillo-B, J. J. Bravo, S. Martin, M-C. Huynen ©G. Carrillo-B.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Causes of primate extinction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat destruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 million ha </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bushmeat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>© Helene Palomino © Helene Palomino
  3. 3. Biodiversity in Ecuador <ul><ul><li>Ecuador: number 4 on the list of countries having more species per sq. km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 % of primate species are from the Neotropical Region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of primate species in Ecuador: 19 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of primate species in the Amazonian Ecuador: 15 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Study Site <ul><ul><li>Protected Area Oglan Alto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>01°19’27.5’’|S, 77°41’20.1’’|W </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 344 ha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 % of Ecuador’s mammal species and 49 % of the Amazonian region’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two identified types of forest: Lowland Rain Forest and Piedmont Forest </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>The management plan results were mostly taken from interviews with the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of studies in the Amazonian </li></ul></ul><ul><li>site of Oglan Alto </li></ul>Primate Cebidae Cebus albifrons Saimiri sciureus Lagothrix lagotricha Pithecia monachus Ateles belzebuth Alouatta seniculus Callitrichidae Saguinus sp Saguinus fuscicollis Cebuella pigmea
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary results on the presence of primates in the Oglan Alto Reserve, with the participation of the community </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Methods
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Four explorative trips have been made (June 2006 - January 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The intensive phase of field research began in March 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TWO COMPONENTS Non-human Primate Component Human Component
  10. 10. Primate Component Data Collection <ul><ul><li>Time distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 research groups: 1 researcher + 1 assistant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seven 45-day fieldtrips a year (rainy season and dry season) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 days to census primates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 days to look for primates and habituation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>Census of primates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Observation: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of individuals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Composition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect Observation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auditory Record: Vocalizations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faeces </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Consumption traces </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 transects of 4 km each </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transects are marked and mapped every 25 m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6h00-11h00 and 13h00-18h00 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Range: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>location of primates is registered every 20 min starting at 6h00 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Phenological sampling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 phenological transects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trees DBH>10 cm  marked and mapped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fruit abundance : Direct observation and fruit traps </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focal: Every min for a 20 min period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scan Group: every 5 min </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foraging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Active (Out of sight) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inactive (Out of sight) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Human Component <ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seminars: Field Reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field training: “Para-Biologos” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools and High Schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Results <ul><ul><li>A 10 000 meters long system of trails and transects has been established across 358 ha </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Results and Discussion Alouatta seniculus Lagothrix Lagotricha Saguinus fuscicollis
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>We already have 6 plant species from their diet, that are being identified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We can find al least 90 trees per 1000 m2 with DBH>10 cm </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>2 seminars have been made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We have trained 3 futur “para-biólogos” </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusions <ul><ul><li>This project is just beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We would like to finish the elaboration of transect before the end of the year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We’re going to continue with the monitoring and the habituation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The next step will be to collect ethological and ecological data </li></ul></ul>