Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos
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Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos

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Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos Presentation Transcript

  • Preliminary approach of the community of primates in the protected area of Oglán Alto, Arajuno-Pastaza, Ecuador G.A. Carrillo-B, J. J. Bravo, S. Martin, M-C. Huynen ©G. Carrillo-B.
  • Introduction
      • Causes of primate extinction
        • Habitat destruction
          • 13 million ha
        • Hunting
          • Bushmeat
          • Pets
    © Helene Palomino © Helene Palomino
  • Biodiversity in Ecuador
      • Ecuador: number 4 on the list of countries having more species per sq. km
      • 40 % of primate species are from the Neotropical Region
      • Number of primate species in Ecuador: 19
      • Number of primate species in the Amazonian Ecuador: 15
  • Study Site
      • Protected Area Oglan Alto
        • 01°19’27.5’’|S, 77°41’20.1’’|W
      • 3 344 ha
      • 25 % of Ecuador’s mammal species and 49 % of the Amazonian region’s
      • Two identified types of forest: Lowland Rain Forest and Piedmont Forest
      • The management plan results were mostly taken from interviews with the community
      • Lack of studies in the Amazonian
    • site of Oglan Alto
    Primate Cebidae Cebus albifrons Saimiri sciureus Lagothrix lagotricha Pithecia monachus Ateles belzebuth Alouatta seniculus Callitrichidae Saguinus sp Saguinus fuscicollis Cebuella pigmea
      • The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary results on the presence of primates in the Oglan Alto Reserve, with the participation of the community
  • Methods
      • Four explorative trips have been made (June 2006 - January 2007)
      • The intensive phase of field research began in March 2007
  • TWO COMPONENTS Non-human Primate Component Human Component
  • Primate Component Data Collection
      • Time distribution
        • 2 research groups: 1 researcher + 1 assistant
        • Seven 45-day fieldtrips a year (rainy season and dry season)
        • 20 days to census primates
        • 20 days to look for primates and habituation
      • Census of primates
        • Direct Observation:
          • Location
          • Number of individuals
          • Group Composition
        • Indirect Observation
          • Auditory Record: Vocalizations
          • Faeces
          • Food Consumption traces
      • Monitoring
        • 4 transects of 4 km each
        • Transects are marked and mapped every 25 m
        • 6h00-11h00 and 13h00-18h00
      • Home Range:
        • location of primates is registered every 20 min starting at 6h00
      • Phenological sampling
        • 3 phenological transects
        • Trees DBH>10 cm  marked and mapped
        • fruit abundance : Direct observation and fruit traps
      • Behavior
        • Focal: Every min for a 20 min period
        • Scan Group: every 5 min
        • Codes
          • Foraging
          • Food Consumption
          • Movement
          • Rest
          • Social
          • Active (Out of sight)
          • Inactive (Out of sight)
  • Human Component
      • Training
        • Seminars: Field Reports
        • Field training: “Para-Biologos”
      • Environmental Education
        • Schools and High Schools
        • Informal
      • Themes
        • Environment
        • Conservation
        • Sustainability
  • Results
      • A 10 000 meters long system of trails and transects has been established across 358 ha
  • Results and Discussion Alouatta seniculus Lagothrix Lagotricha Saguinus fuscicollis
      • We already have 6 plant species from their diet, that are being identified
      • We can find al least 90 trees per 1000 m2 with DBH>10 cm
      • 2 seminars have been made
      • We have trained 3 futur “para-biólogos”
  • Conclusions
      • This project is just beginning
      • We would like to finish the elaboration of transect before the end of the year
      • We’re going to continue with the monitoring and the habituation process
      • The next step will be to collect ethological and ecological data