Institutional Repositories & OpenAccess resources for PhD students Sarika Sawant, PhD SHPT School of Library Science SNDT Women’s University Presentation at Research Methodology Workshop May 21 – June 1, 2012 On 22/05/2012
Outline• Scholarly communication• Open access• Self archiving and its various ways• Directories• IR’s, Subject repositories, Cross archives• Open sources useful for PhD
Scholarly Communication Defined creating, disseminating and preserving scientific knowledge network of complex relationships between a number of players - authors, editors, publishers, distributors, librarians and most importantly consumers of scholarly information
Scholarly Communication in Crisis• Increasing control of scholarly journals industry bythe commercials firms• High cost of scholarly journals verses low librarybudget• Shift from print to electronic form: the legalframework• Battle of ownership verses access• Advent of open access publishing is a direct threatto commercial publishers.• Growing awareness of utilization of moneygenerated from taxpayers
What is "Open Access"• According to"Budapest Open Access Initiative" (BOAI) – It’s free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited (http: //www.soros.org/openaccess/read.shtml).
• BOAI recommend two complementary strategies for authors to participate in open access these are: – Open Access Journals (Golden Road) – Self-Archiving of E-Prints (Green Road)
Open access journals• Open access journals – e-journals (supplementary fee-based print versions) – freely available – Born-OA journals – Delayed OA journals – Author paid OA journals
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)• The aim of the DOAJ is to increase the visibility and ease of use of open access scientific and scholarly journals• DOAJ AS OF TODAY – 7267 journals – 3389 journals searchable at article level – 669521 articles – India 5th Rank among 117 countries – 360 journals
BioMed Central• Largest publisher of OA journals• Launched in 2000• More than 200+ titles, 60,000+ articles• Cost coverd by article processing charges
Medknow PublicationsIt is a publisher for peer- reviewed, online/print+online journals in the area of STM.• 199 Total journals• 172 Total associations / societies• 76,079 Total articles• 68,167 Full text articles• 18,976 Manuscripts submitted in 12• 111 Manuscripts submitted on May 20, 2012• 2,252,646 Articles downloaded in Apr 12• 76,587 Articles downloaded on May 20, 2012
Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) http://oajse.com/index.html• There are 4,775 journals in the directory.• All are searchable at article level.• 100+ social science journals• 90+ Language and literature• 15+ gender studies• 80+ economics
Self-Archiving of E-Prints• "Self-archiving" refers to making "e-prints" available on the Web. An e-print is either a digital preprint or a postprint.
E-prints are typically made available in one of four primary ways:• authors personal website;• a disciplinary archive that includes works by authors worldwide about one or more subjects;• an institutional e-print archive that includes e- prints by authors in a single academic unit, such as a department, or the entire institution; or• an institutional repository that includes diverse types of digital works (e.g., data sets, electronic theses and dissertations, presentations, and technical reports), including e-prints, by authors at a single institution.
Definition of IR• An institutional repository is a digital archive of the intellectual product created by the faculty, research staff, and students of an institution and accessible to end users both within and outside of the institution, with few if any barriers to access.
To the institution, an IR offers• Increasing visibility and prestige• Centralisation and storage of all types of institutional output• Support for learning and teaching• Standardisation of institutional records• Leverage of existing systems• Possible long term cost savings
Benefits to authors• Increased dissemination and impact• Storage and access to a wide range of materials• Feedback and commentary• Provision of added value services
For Society• Provide access to the world’s research• Ensures long-term preservation of institutes’ academic output
Contents of an IR• Pre-prints / post prints• Research reports, Conference papers / posters• Book reviews• Teaching materials• Student’s assignments / projects• Doctoral theses and dissertations• Audio / video materials such as speech• Photographs / images• Convocation address,• Annual reports / manuscripts / maps• Newspaper clippings / articles• Profiles of faculty members / administrative staff / scientists etc.
Authorised contributors• Students,• Research scholars,• Teachers,• Scientists,• Administrative staff• Academic support staff
Calendar/Diary : Gcalender (its free not Open Source)
Creative Commons• Creative Commons develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation.• set of copyright licenses and tools• http://creativecommons.org/about
The presentation will be available on the following linkhttps://sites.google.com/site/drsarikasawant/about-me/talks-presentations
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