Open archives and repositories

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  • Google displays one Glossary definition above your search results when you put one of the following in front of a word phrase or acronym: define , what is , what are
  • Open archives and repositories

    1. 1. Institutional Repositories Dr. Sarika Sawant SHPT School of Library Science SNDT Women’s University
    2. 2. 02/03/12 Presentation Outline <ul><ul><li>a </li></ul></ul>02/03/12 Part I Concept of Open Access: Why, What, & How? Part II Institutional repositories: Why, What, & How?
    3. 3. Definition of Open Access <ul><ul><li>a </li></ul></ul>02/03/12
    4. 4. Driving Force Behind Open Access 02/03/12
    5. 5. The objective of open-access is: 02/03/12 <ul><li>not to quarrel with or to replace journals ( at all ) </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>not to resolve the budgetary problems of libraries ( and yet …) </li></ul><ul><li>not to provide access to the Developing World ( and yet …) </li></ul>
    6. 6. The objective of open-access is : 02/03/12 to maximize research impact by maximizing research access
    7. 7. 02/03/12
    8. 8. 02/03/12 02/03/12
    9. 9. OA serves to 02/03/12
    10. 10. Means of OA 02/03/12 Green Road to Open Access : authors perform self-archiving upon publishing a peer-reviewed journal article Gold Road to Open Access : institutions pay for their authors' gold open access publication fees (APC)
    11. 11. What Libraries Can Do 02/03/12 <ul><li>Self-archiving: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain institutional repository. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help faculty archive their research papers, new & old, digitizing if necessary. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Make sure scholars at your institution know how to find open access journals and archives in their fields </li></ul><ul><li>As open access journals proliferate, cancel over-priced journals </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarize yourself with the issues </li></ul>
    12. 12. IR Defines… 02/03/12 An institutional repository is a digital archive of the intellectual product created by the faculty, research staff, and students of an institution and accessible to end users both within and outside of the institution, with few if any barriers to access.
    13. 13. In other words, the content of an IR is: 02/03/12
    14. 14. IR offers <ul><li>Increasing visibility and prestige </li></ul><ul><li>Centralisation and storage of all types of institutional output </li></ul><ul><li>Support for learning and teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Standardisation of institutional records </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage of existing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Possible long term cost savings </li></ul>02/03/12 To the Institution
    15. 15. 02/03/12 02/03/12 02/03/12 IR offers <ul><li>Increased visibility and citation </li></ul><ul><li>• Participation in research (particularly </li></ul><ul><li>from developing countries) </li></ul><ul><li>• Speed up knowledge discovery </li></ul><ul><li>• Enable new modes of inquires </li></ul><ul><li>• Increase computational potential </li></ul><ul><li>• Blurring disciplinary boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>• New metrics and “language” for </li></ul><ul><li>impact and authority </li></ul>To Researchers
    16. 16. 02/03/12 02/03/12 02/03/12 02/03/12 IR offers <ul><li>Provide access to the world’s research </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures long-term preservation of institutes’ academic output </li></ul>To the Society
    17. 17. 02/03/12 of an IR 02/03/12 <ul><li>Pre-prints / post prints </li></ul><ul><li>Research reports, Conference papers / posters </li></ul><ul><li>Book reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching materials </li></ul><ul><li>Student’s assignments / projects </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral theses and dissertations </li></ul><ul><li>Audio / video materials such as speech </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs / images </li></ul><ul><li>Convocation address, </li></ul><ul><li>Annual reports / manuscripts / maps </li></ul><ul><li>Newspaper clippings / articles </li></ul><ul><li>Profiles of faculty members / administrative staff / scientists etc. </li></ul>
    18. 18. 02/03/12 Authorised Contributors 02/03/12 <ul><li>Students, </li></ul><ul><li>Research scholars, </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers, </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists, </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative staff </li></ul><ul><li>Academic support staff </li></ul>
    19. 19. 02/03/12 02/03/12 <ul><li>No review process </li></ul><ul><li>Review of subject content with selected group of peers </li></ul><ul><li>Only for certain documents (for eg no need of quality control mechanism for any article published in peer reviewed journal submitted to IR with due permission from publisher) </li></ul>Peer-review and Quality Control
    20. 20. 02/03/12 Issues… 02/03/12 <ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>IR Software's </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability Standards </li></ul>
    21. 21. 02/03/12 Challenges / Inhibiting factors 02/03/12 <ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulties with generating content </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers to faculty participation are numerous </li></ul><ul><li>Sustaining support and commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Rights management </li></ul>
    22. 22. 02/03/12 How does IR work 02/03/12 <ul><li>Research material is hosted and managed </li></ul><ul><li>on an IR server, using appropriate IR software </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible on the organizational LAN (intranet) + Internet/private network </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists use a web browser to submit (deposit) research material and also search the repository </li></ul><ul><li>Through OAI inter-operability protocol, a central search service ‘Harvests” metadata from individual IR’s, builds a cross-index and provides single point cross-repository search service </li></ul><ul><li>Security concerns could be handled at network, IR and publication level </li></ul>
    23. 23. 02/03/12 02/03/12
    24. 24. 02/03/12 02/03/12 Institutional Repositories : India – 50 plus
    25. 25. 02/03/12 Directories of Open Access Repositories OpenDoar ( http://www.opendoar.org/ )   ROAR ( http://archives.eprints.org/ ) The University of Illinois OAI-PMH Data Provider Registry ( http://gita.grainger.uiuc.edu/registry/Info.asp ) Openarchives.eu ( http://www.openarchives.eu/home/home_do.aspx ) OpCit: The Open Citation Project   ( http://opcit.eprints.org/opcitabout.shtml ) RoMEO (Rights MEtadata for Open archiving ( http://romeo.eprints.org /publishers.html )
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