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NETTING THE SET: WORKSHOP FOR LIBRARIANS & LIS STUDENTS

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two day workshop on “NETTING THE SET: WORKSHOP FOR LIBRARIANS & LIS STUDENTS” organized by SHPT School of Library Science, SNDT Women's University Library, Mumbai in collaboration with State …

two day workshop on “NETTING THE SET: WORKSHOP FOR LIBRARIANS & LIS STUDENTS” organized by SHPT School of Library Science, SNDT Women's University Library, Mumbai in collaboration with State Eligibility Test Department, University of Pune on 5 – 6th December 2008.

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  • 1. Dr. Sarika Sawant [email_address] SHPT School of Library Science, SNDT Women's University, Mumbai 400 020
  • 2. Information Technology
    • MacMillian Dictionary of Information Technology defines IT as “the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a micro-electronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications.
  • 3. Components of IT
    •  
    • Computer Technology: Hardware and Software.
    • Communication Technology:
      • Transmission media
      • Switching techniques
  • 4. The Impact of IT on Society
    • Technological research and development introduces new products and services to society, some capable of affecting the way almost all of us lead our lives. Many innovations come about as a response to society's changing needs. But technologies also have the power to shape the values held by a society –
    • Various elements that makeup society, whether they be individuals or organisations
  • 5.
    • Impact has been fourfold:
    • storage,
    • manipulation,
    • distribution,
    • creation.
    • Society expects to be able to store more than was previously conceived.
    • Society expects to be able to manipulate the information they have for their benefit, to increase understanding and discover new relationships.
    • Society expects to be able to distribute information quickly, efficiently and cheaply.
    • Society now expects the creation of new information to be facilitated by these new technologies.
  • 6. PC Architecture
    • Input/Output Unit;
    • Central Processing Unit;
    • Memory Unit; and
    • Logic Gates/Circuits.
  • 7. Input Devices
    • Keyboard
    • Mouse
    • Trackball
    • Joystick
    • Light Pen
    • Scanner
    Output Devices
    • Monitor
    • Printer
    • Plotter
  • 8. Central Processing Unit (CPU)
    • 1. Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU)
    • 2. Control Unit (CU)
    • 3. Registers
    • 4. Buses
    • 5. Clock
  • 9. Memory Unit
    • Read Only Memory (ROM pronounced as "Ra-om")
    • Random Access Memory (RAM pronounced as "R-aem")
    • Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor Memory (CMOS)
  • 10. ROM
    • (i) Mask ROM:
    • (ii) PROM
    • (iii) EPROM
    • (iv) EEPROM:
    • (v) EAPROM
  • 11. RAM
    • Dynamic RAM (DRAM)
    • Static RAM (SRAM)
    Dynamic Ram Static Ram It is capacitors based which go ON and OFF continuously which is reason why cells lose their charge. It is switch based. So the cell do not lose the charge till switch is ON. As cells losc the charge, they have to be continuously refreshed to keep the data in the memory locations. No need of refreshment as data remain till computer is on. Needs continuous power although less power in consumed. Needs more amount of power although not continuous. Slower Faster Cheaper Expensive High density Low density.
  • 12. RAM ROM It is used to store data, instructions & results. The time taken to provide access to any location either for storing / retrieving data is sameor uniform. That is why it is called as a random access device. It contains a pre-written set of instructions provided by the manufacturer for the basic functioning of the computer, e.g. booting instructions. RAM is temporary / volatile in nature since the contents of RAM are lost, the moment the power is lost. ROM is permanent in nature since the contents of ROM are not lost, even when the power is lost"i.e. it is non-volatile. The user can read from & write into the memory of the computer. The user can only read. He cannot make any changes. It has larger memory capacity as compared to ROM. It has very small capacity memory as compared to RAM. The processing speed can be increased by expanding the RAM capacity. ROM cannot be expanded / erased. It does not effect the processing speed.
  • 13. Secondary Storage Devices
    • Magnetic Tape/Floppy Disk/CDs/DVDs/Pen Drive
    • Hard disk
  • 14. Software
    • System software
    • Operating system
    • Compiler
    • Interpreter
    • Utility
    • Application software
  • 15. Operating system: Features
    • Multi-user
    • Multiprocessing
    • Multitasking
    • Real time
    Operating system: Components
    • Memory management
    • Process manages
    • Device manager
    • File manager
  • 16. Word Processors : Features
    • insert text : Allows you to insert text anywhere in the document.
    • delete text : Allows you to erase characters, words, lines, or pages as easily as you can cross them out on paper.
    • cut and paste : Allows you to remove ( cut ) a section of text from one place in a document and insert ( paste ) it somewhere else.
    • copy : Allows you to duplicate a section of text.
    • page size and margins : Allows you to define various page sizes and margins, and the word processor will automatically readjust the text so that it fits.
    • search and replace : Allows you to direct the word processor to search for a particular word or phrase. You can also direct the word processor to replace one group of characters with another everywhere that the first group appears.
    • word wrap : The word processor automatically moves to the next line when you have filled one line with text, and it will readjust text if you change the margins.
    • print : Allows you to send a document to a printer to get hardcopy.
  • 17. Network
    • A network is a system that sends and receives data and messages enabling two or more computers to communicate with each other.
    • Advantages of Networks :
    • peripherals (eg printers) can be shared
    • software can be shared
    • data can be shared
    • computers may communicate
    • security - user access may be restricted if needed
    • Disadvantages of Networks :
    • one server breaking down may affect a number of computers
    • vulnerable to hackers and viruses
    • cabling and installation may be expensive
    • a network manager
  • 18. Network Devices/Components
    • Servers
    • Workstations
    • Network Interface Cards
    • Switches
    • Repeaters
    • Bridges
    • Routers
    • Cables
    • Network operating system
  • 19. Network Topologies
    • Topology - Physical and logical network layout
      • Physical – actual layout of the computer cables and other network devices
      • Logical – the way in which the network appears to the devices that use it.
    • Common topologies:
      • Bus, Ring, Star, Mesh and Wireless
  • 20. Bus Topology
    • Uses a trunk or backbone to which all of the computers on the network connect.
    • Systems connect to this backbone using T connectors and taps.
    • Coaxial cablings ( 10Base-2, 10Base5) were popular options years ago .
  • 21. Ring Topology
      • Meaning that data travels in circular fashion from one computer to another on the network.
      • Typically FDDI, SONET or Token Ring technology are used to implement a ring network
      • Ring networks are most commonly wired in a star configuration
  • 22. Star Topology
    • All computers/devices connect to a central device called hub or switch.
    • Each device requires a single cable
    • point-to-point connection between the device and hub.
    • Most widely implemented
    • Hub is the single point of failure
  • 23. Mesh Topology
    • Each computer connects to every other.
    • High level of redundancy.
    • Rarely used.
      • Wiring is very complicated
      • Cabling cost is high
      • Troubleshooting a failed cable is tricky
      • A variation hybrid mesh – create point to point connection between specific network devices, often seen in WAN implementation.
  • 24. Types of Networks
    • LANs and WANs - Geographical coverage
    • LANs
      • A single geographical location, such as office building, school, etc
      • Typically High speed and cheaper.
    • WANs
      • Spans more than one geographical location often connecting separated LANs
      • Slower
      • Costly hardware, routers, dedicated leased lines and complicated implementation procedures.
  • 25. OSI
  • 26.
    • Internet is an inter-connection between several computers of different types belonging to various networks all over the globe. It is a global network of networks.
    Internet
  • 27. History of the Internet
    • Mid 1960: Papers on “Packet Switching” emerge.
    • End 1969s: ARPA sponsors the development of a packet-switching network, called the ARPANET. First four nodes are UCLA, SRI, U. Utah, UCSB.
    • 1974: The TCP/IP protocols and model are being proposed by Cerf/Kahn.
    • 1980: IPv4 is introduced
    • 1983: ARPANET adopts TCP/IP. At this time, the ARPANET has 200 routers.
    • 1984: NSF funds a TCP/IP based backbone network. This backbone grows into the NSFNET, which becomes the successor of the ARPANET.
    • 1995: NSF stops funding of NSFNET. The Internet is completely commercial.
  • 28. Applications of the Internet
    • Traditional core applications: Email News Remote Login File Transfer
    • The killer application: World-Wide Web (WWW)
    • New applications: Videoconferencing Telephony P2P applications Internet Broadcast
  • 29. Host-to- Host Connections . User. The Internet is a Global Network . Networks of computers hooked together so that users can share information .
  • 30.  
  • 31. Internet Domain
    • ernet.in
    • nic.in
    • uunet.in
    • ac.in
    • co.in
    • gov.in
    • mil.in
    • net.in
    • org.in
    • res.in
    The .in domain has several subdomains (a.k.a second level domains)
  • 32.  
  • 33. Internet Domain
    • . com
    • .edu
    • .go v
    • .int
    • .mil
    • .org
    The top level domains in the world are Every country has a unique two character country code (ISO 3166) for its Top Level Domain ­ singnet.com.sg
  • 34. Protocols
    • The set of protocols used in connection to Internet is TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol).
    • Internet is a packet-switching network, data is transmitted by converting it into small packets.
  • 35.
    • TCP/IP is made up of two components - TCP and IP.
    • TCP breaks up the data to be sent into little packets.
    • IP is a set of conventions used to pass packets from one host to another.
  • 36. Internet Service Providers In India
    • VSNL
    • MTNL
    • Satyam Infoway
    • ERNET
    • NICNET
  • 37. Devices Used In Internet
    • Modem:- modulator/demodulator converts digital data into analogous data, and vice versa.
    • Bridges: - are used to connect multiple similar networks so that they appear as a single, large network. They pass the data serially on the same type of machines.
    • Routers: - are used to connect two or more IP networks.
    • Gateways: - are used to connect machines using different protocols in different type of networks.
  • 38.
    • Features of common browsers
    • Navigation
    • Annoyance removers
    • Pop-up advertisement blocker
    • Pop-up advertisement filtering
    • Supports Bookmark manager
    • Standards support
    • HTTP and HTTPS, HTML, XML and XHTML
    • Graphics file formats including GIF, PNG, JPEG, and SVG
    • Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
    • JavaScript (Dynamic HTML) and XMLHttpRequest
    Web Browsers
  • 39. Searching Information On Internet
        • by going directly to the site, if the address is known.
        • Subject directories.
        • Search engines.
        • Meta search engines.
        • Internet Portals
        • Subject Indexes
  • 40. Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
    • A URL is the fundamental part of the web.
    • A URL is the address of a “document” over Internet.
    • Describes and identifies both the protocol used by and the location of Internet resources.
    There are 4 parts of a URL: the protocol, the server name, the path and document, or file, or name. The general format of URL is: - protocol://hostname/path
  • 41. Services
    • Communication Services
        • E-Mail
        • Chat Rooms/. Internet Relay Chat (IRC)
        • Electronic Discussions/Electronic Mailing Lists
        • Video conferencing
        • Publication Services
        • WWW (World Wide Web)
        • FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
        • Telnet
  • 42. E-Mailing
  • 43. Chat Rooms
    • You can log on to certain Web sites and communicate with various other users on-line by using an internet chat software.
    • It is an interactive software that allow the users to type comments in one window and receive replies in another.
  • 44.
    • Communication between groups of people, sharing a common interest.
    • A group of network users who come together to discuss a particular topic.
    • Two main methods employed to participate in electronic discussions are - mailing lists and through ‘USENET groups’
  • 45. FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
    • The FTP application is used to transfer files between hosts.
    • FTP downloads files to your server from any remote server that is connected to the Internet.
  • 46. WWW (World Wide Web)
    • WWW is a series of servers interconnected through hypertext.
    • It provides various kinds of services through Web sites on the Internet.
  • 47. Telnet
    • It is an Internet exploration tool and allows your PC to connect to another network and login as if you were a user on that system.
    • You can communicate with a wide variety of remote systems with which you have an account.
  • 48. Library Automation
    • Simple Methodology/Steps To Automate Certain Activities
      • Decide various function of each activity (* activity is circulation control, functions are changing, discharging renewing etc.)
      • identify inputs requirements for each function (data elements)
      • identify the input in terms of record, files & the media also, determine the style of the files.
      • identify the output required for each function
      • identify the output it terms of record , files & the media , also determine size of the files.
      • Development or buying of software
      • Implementation & evaluation
  • 49. Evaluation criteria
    • The platform/environment on which the software is available
    • The library operations such as acquisition, cataloguing, circulation and serials
    • control, Management services, etc. that can be performed by the software.
    • Compatibility of the software to create database in MARC/CCF formats.
    • The capability for database security at the module and function levels.
    • Provision for database back up.
    • The provision to check duplication of data entry in acquisition and cataloguing.
    • The facility to store, retrieve, display and print records in Indian scripts and
    • capability to handle more number of languages and scripts.
    • The facility to import/export data in standard database formats such as MARC,
    • ISO-2709, etc.
    • Provision for thesaurus and dictionaries for validation while selection of terms and data entry.
  • 50. Evaluation criteria
    • Should support Internet connectivity.
    • The facility to handle multiple databases at a time.
    • The facility for reservation management by allowing maximum members to reserve a document at a time.
    • The facility to provide customised library services.
    • The capability to provide real time information processing and retrieval.
    • The facility to incorporate multimedia information.
    • Bar-code compatibility
    • Ease of input of data
    • Editing of records
    • Speed of retrieval of information
    • Speed of operation
  • 51. Acquisition Control
    • Pre – order searching especially, avoid duplicate orders
    • Creating purchase order
    • After Receipt of books.
    • Claim /or cancel notices: automatically generate a claim /cancellation letter to the appropriate vendor regarding copies/voliumes cancelled and the reason. It should able to send via e mail.
    • Providing information on order outstanding & sometimes on work in progress
    • Maintaining books fund Accounts & Printing book fund reports.
    • Track Sources Of Budget/Statistics of amount spent for each budget head /Handle Multiple Currencies
  • 52. Circulation Control
    • Issue, Return, Renewal of Books,Journals, Backvolumes
    • Recall, Reservation, Reservation Cancellation
    • Reminders
    • Reports
      • Books,Journals,Backvolums - Issued
      • Books,Journals,Backvolums- Returned
      • Fine Amount Collected
      • Fine Receipt
      • For a particular period
  • 53. Serial Control
    • Subscription of New Journals
    • Renewal of Journals
    • Receipts of New Issues
    • Reminders for missing issues
    • Invoice Processing
    • Payments
    • Browsing Issues
    • Reports Generation
  • 54. Cataloguing
    • Automatic generation of authority files
    • Unlimited number of Authors
    • Incorporation of Corporate Authorship
    • Should support Analytical entries, ‘See’, ‘See also’ references etc
    • Editing existing titles
    • Duplicating existing titles
    • Inter Library Loan - Handles temporary cataloguing of Inter Library documents borrowed from other Libraries
    • Catalogue Card generation - 3X5 Catalogue Cards as per AACR guidelines.
    • Spine label generation with Bar Code
    • Data export to MARC format
  • 55. Search - OPAC
    • Simple Search ( based on )
    • - Accession Number
    • - Author
    • - Title
    • - Classification number
    • - Year
    • - Publisher
    • - Subject
    • - Keywords  
  • 56. Advanced Search
    • Boolean Operators
    • Parentheses
    • Proximity
    • Truncation
    • Field level search
  • 57. Questions
    • Different types of reports generated by library softwares
    • Advantages of OPAC over Card Catalouge
    • Justify how preliminary survey of other libraries in case of library automation helps librarians
    • Describe the features of SOUL package
    • Explain the automation of bibliographic activities in the library
  • 58. Library Networks
    • A library network is broadly described as a group of libraries coming together with some agreement of understanding to help each other with a view to satisfying the information needs of their clientele.
  • 59. Need/Aims & Objectives:
    • To promote and support adoption of standards in library operations.
    • To improve the efficiency of housekeeping operations
    • To promote sharing of resources by inter library loan among the libraries through computerised networking for maximum use of resources and better facilities for researchers and users.
    • To assist member libraries in Cataloguing of books, and other library materials and catalogue production.
    • To Facilitate and promote delivery of documents manually or mechanically.
    • To coordinate efforts for suitable collection development and reduce unnecessary duplication whenever possible.
  • 60.
    • To establish referral centers to monitor and/or facilitate catalogue search and maintain a central online union catalogue of books and other materials of different participating libraries.
    • To develop a specialist bibliographic database of books, serials and non-book material for search and access that means to generate new services and to improve the efficiency of existing ones
    • To create database of projects, specialists and institutions for providing online information services.
    • To coordinate with other regional, national and international networks for methods, procedures, hardware and software, services and so on
    • To promote adoption in actual practice by all libraries in order to facilitate pooling, sharing and exchanging resources and facilities towards optimisation.
  • 61. Questions
    • Give in brief historical overview of Library Network Developments in India
    • Explain any one regional network in India
    • Explain the activities & services provided by OCLC
  • 62.
    • 1) COM stand for
    • Computer Online Messages
    • Computer Output Mails
    • Computer On Memory
    • Computer Output Microfilm
    • 2) Which of the following is a transmission protocol
    • (A) Altavista
    • (B) Lycos
    • (C) Netscape Navigator
    • (D) TCP/IP
    • 3) TCP stands for
      • Transfer Control Protocol
      • Teaching Computer Programming
      • Teaching Control Protocol
      • Transmission Connection Programme
    • 4) Hypertext referes to
    • (A) Highlighting text to catch attention
    • (B) Multilingual Text
    • (C) Multimedia document
    • (D) Connecting two electronic pages
    • 5) JPEG is a
    • (A) Image format
    • (B) Audio format
    • (C) Text format
    • (D) A hardware device
  • 63.
    • 6) Extranet is
      • Network of two organization
      • Network established with security between server and client organisation
      • Network existing outside an organization
      • Network with internet topology between many organizations
    • 7) How many layers are there in Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model?
    • (A) 5
    • (B) 3
    • (C) 7
    • (D) 9
    • 8) Which of the following is not the search engine
    • (A) Yahoo
    • (B) Altavista
    • (C) Google
    • (D) Cemer
    • 9) Which of following is not a communication protocol
    • FTP
    • OSI
    • HTTP
    • TCP
  • 64. 11) Which of following is a library management softwares SOUL CDS/ISIS MS access C++ 12) Expert system consists of Number of experts working in the system Computerised information system Information system built using artificial intelligence Information system for experts 13) Full form of ERNET Economic Research Network Education and research network Experimental research network Expected Response network 14) Broadband connectivity does not Increase speed of data transfer Help in transferring audio visual signals Permit transfer through cable wires Transfer data through electrical wires 15) URL stand for Uniform Resource Location Uniform Resource Locator Universal research locator Universal Research Locator
  • 65. 16) DSpace is Digital library software Library automation software Software for creating OPAC DBMS 17) DVD is a example of Film media Magnetic media Optical media Web media 18) Which of following is incorrect? A virtual library is A library without walls A networked entity Contains only digital information It is limited to bibliographic information 19) Which of following transmission media had wider bandwidth Twisted wires Coaxial wires Optical fibers Modems
  • 66. 20) VDU Video Display Unit of a computer is An input device An output device A standard device A storage device 21) Hotbot is a Search engine A programming language An indexing system A component of a computer
    • 23) Which of these is not a dedicated library automation software
    • SLIM
        • LYBSYS CDS/ISIS
    • Lib suite
    • 24) What is Linux
    • It is an operating system
    • Is is a database management system
    • Application software
    • Spreadsheet
    • 25) Which one of the following is a volatile memory
    • CD/DVD/RAM/Hard disk
  • 67.  

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