Communication is the aim of the language learning.
It started in 60’s and 70’s as a reaction against the grammar translation method.
Focuses on language as a medium of communication social purpose.
Interaction in the target language in a communicative way for meaningful activities (Emphasis in meaning rather than form).
Target language used as a normal medium for classroom management and instruction naturalistic adquisition.
Take into account needs of different pupils.
Errors are considered as a natural part of learning language .
Learners should be able to go to foreign country survive in a variety of everyday situations.
Classroom should provide opportunities for rehearsal of real-life situations and provide opportunity for real communication .
Emphasis on: pairwork and group-work.
Primacy of oral work . Emphasis on oral and listening skills in the classroom.
Grammar can still be taught, but less systematically.
Languages is adapted to interests of pupils more easily retained.
Use of everyday language.
Communicative approach seeks to use authentic resources real texts: newspaper, magazines , manuals, recipes, videos, etc.
Important not to be restricted to textbook Teacher must free himself from it
Use of visual stimuli , for example, flashcards.
Text-based: practice exercises, reading passages, gap fills, recordings …
Task-based: game boards, role-play cards, materials for drilling, pair work tasks…
Realia: magazines, newspapers, fruit and vegetables,animals, maps…
Classroom activities should be in the target language but in some occasions native language can be used to promote greater understanding.
Games, role-plays, simulations,information gaps …
Teachers can create their own activities according to the pupils’ level.
Communicative approach is much more pupil-orientated, because it is based on pupils' needs and interests.
Communicative approach seeks to personalise and localise language and adapt it to interests of pupils. Meaningful language is always more easily retained by learners.
Seeks to use authentic resources. And that is more interesting and motivating for children.
Children acquire grammar rules as a necessity to speak so is more proficient and efficient.
It pays insufficient attention to the context in which teaching and learning take place
The Communicative Approach often seems to be interpreted as: “if the teacher understands the student we have good communication” but native speakers of the target language can have great difficulty understanding students.
Another disadvantage is that the CLT approach focuses on fluency but not accuracy.The approach does not focus on error reduction but instead creates a situation where learners are left using their own devices to solve their communication problems. Thus they may produce incoherent, grammatically incorrect sentences.
The teacher gives the students a small paper with a word they have recently learnt.
Then one of the student start a little story with the word she/he has.