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Communicative approach presentation
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  • This is a good introduction to CLT, but the slide show itself is poorly done. When there is a lot of information, it is better to use two slides for one point; otherwise the writing is too small to read.
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  • کانون زبان جهان


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    آدرس:جاده فردیس شهرک 110

    http://world-language.blogfa.com/

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Transcript

  • 1. COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH
  • 2. ORIGINS
    • Communication is the aim of the language learning.
    • It started in 60’s and 70’s as a reaction against the grammar translation method.
    • New syllabuses took into account needs of different pupils in terms of usefulness for practical purposes.
  • 3. FEATURES
    • Focuses on language as a medium of communication  social purpose.
    • Interaction in the target language in a communicative way for meaningful activities (Emphasis in meaning rather than form).
    • Target language  used as a normal medium for classroom management and instruction  naturalistic adquisition.
    • Take into account needs of different pupils.
    • Errors are considered as a natural part of learning language .
    • Learners should be able to go to foreign country  survive in a variety of everyday situations.
    • Classroom should provide opportunities for rehearsal of real-life situations and provide opportunity for real communication .
  • 4. FEATURES
    • Emphasis on: pairwork and group-work.
    • Primacy of oral work . Emphasis on oral and listening skills in the classroom.
    • Grammar can still be taught, but less systematically.
    • Languages is adapted to interests of pupils  more easily retained.
    • Use of everyday language.
    • Communicative approach seeks to use authentic resources  real texts: newspaper, magazines , manuals, recipes, videos, etc.
    • Important not to be restricted to textbook  Teacher must free himself from it
    • Use of visual stimuli , for example, flashcards.
  • 5. MATERIALS
    • Text-based: practice exercises, reading passages, gap fills, recordings …
    • Task-based: game boards, role-play cards, materials for drilling, pair work tasks…
    • Realia: magazines, newspapers, fruit and vegetables,animals, maps…
  • 6. ACTIVITIES
    • Classroom activities should be in the target language but in some occasions native language can be used to promote greater understanding.
    • Games, role-plays, simulations,information gaps …
    • Teachers can create their own activities according to the pupils’ level.
  • 7. ADVANTAGES
    • Communicative approach is much more pupil-orientated, because it is based on pupils' needs and interests.
    • Communicative approach seeks to personalise and localise language and adapt it to interests of pupils. Meaningful language is always more easily retained by learners.
    • Seeks to use authentic resources. And that is more interesting and motivating for children.
    • Children acquire grammar rules as a necessity to speak so is more proficient and efficient.
  • 8. DISADVANTAGES
    • It pays insufficient attention to the context in which teaching and learning take place
    • The Communicative Approach often seems to be interpreted as: “if the teacher understands the student we have good communication” but native speakers of the target language can have great difficulty understanding students.
    • Another disadvantage is that the CLT approach focuses on fluency but not accuracy.The approach does not focus on error reduction but instead creates a situation where learners are left using their own devices to solve their communication problems. Thus they may produce incoherent, grammatically incorrect sentences.
  • 9. EXAMPLE
      • The teacher gives the students a small paper with a word they have recently learnt.
      • Then one of the student start a little story with the word she/he has.
      • Another student continue and so on.