History and Culture of Korea Map of Korea History of Korea Culture of Korea Religion of Korea
Map of “KOREA” Located between China and Japan Continuous cultural and geopolitcal interactions with China and Japan Korean language is considered “language isolate”
Korea’s nationalsymbols Flag ‘Tae guk ki’ National flower ‘Rose of Sharon’
History of Korea Korean people are believed to be descendants of race Altaik or proto-Altaic which is still associated with the Mongols, and the Turkik Tungusik as well as many tribes from Central Asia to another. Suspected archaeological evidence old Korean nation (Proto Korea) is Altaik migrants from East Siberia (now the territory of Russia) which came in succession in the transition from the Neolithic era (new stone age) to the Bronze Age. South Koreans call their people Hangukin (or simply 한인 / Han in South Korea for those who live abroad) (한국인; 韩国 人) or Hanguk saram (한국 사람; 韩国 사람). While the North Koreans call their people in or Chosin Choson saram (조선 사람; 朝鲜 사람).
Dynasties (1)Tan gun’s Ko-Chosun (2333 B.C.) (2) Han (Chinese) Colony in Korea (108 B.C. ~ 313 A.D.) (3) Three Kingdoms -Koguryo (18 B.C. ~ 668 A.D.) -Paekche (37 B.C. ~ 660 A.D.) -Silla (57 B.C. ~ 935 A.D.) ※ Recently, Korea’s 3 major broadcasting systems have been broadcasting dramas about various historical periods.
Dynasties (Cont.) (4) Unified Silla (668 ~ 935) (5) Koryo (918 ~ 1392) (6) Yi (Chosun) (1392 ~ 1910) Major Capital Cities Pyongyang (Koguryo capital, 427 ~ 668 A.D.) Kyongju (Silla, 57 B.C. ~ 935 A.D.) Kaesong (Koryo, 918 A.D. ~ 1392) Seoul (1401 ~ )
Korean Language Korean Language (한국어 / 조선말) is the most widely used language in Korea, and is the official language of South Korea and North Korea. The language is also spoken widely in Yanbian in Northeast China. Altogether there are about 78 million Korean speakers around the world including large groups in the Soviet Union, the United States, Canada and Japan. Korean official classification is still not universally agreed upon, but is considered by many as language isolates. Some linguists put it into language groups Altaik. The Korean language is also much similar to the Japanese
Korean Alphabet: Hangul King Sejong the Great invented Korean alphabet in 1446. Alphabet organizes written language into syllabic units. 14 consonants & 10 vowels Easy to learn: "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; a stupid man can learn them in the space of ten days”. From http://library.thinkquest.org/20746/non/info/index.html
Hangul (Korean Alphabet) Purely phonetic alphabet 14 consonants ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ 10 vowels 아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이 Hangul is a scientific system, invented following the shapes of vocal organs as they make sounds. From http://library.thinkquest.org/20746/non/info/index.html
Korean Wave (Hallyu): Korean Cultural Exportsince early 1990s Korean movies, TV dramas, and pop-music are very popular around the world; rapidly spreading beyond Asian countries Korea is among the world’s top ten cultural exporters
Religions of Korean People(based on 2004 census report)
Korean Shamanism Shamanism has deep roots in folk beliefs. Related to the ancient communal worship rites offered to the gods of heaven. Participants seek to resolve human problems through a meeting of humans and the spirits mediated by the shaman Shaman is about to perform a ritual. The shaman wears a colorful costume, speaks in a trance as a spiritual oracle, and sings and dances to music.
Korean Buddhism Introduced to Korea druing three kingdom era (around 372 A.D.) Became state religion in three kingdoms and Goryeo dynasty Deep influence in every aspect of Korean life, culture, and arts Currently about 24% of population is Buddhist. Buddha’s birthday is national holiday in Korea.
Korean Confucianism Joseon dynasty promoted Confucian philosophies as national philosophy Complex system, selectively imported from China, of moral, social, political, philosophical, and quasi-religious thought. Became an indispensable component of the Korean moral system, way of life, and laws Memorial rite to the kings of the Joseon Dynasty is performed at Jong-myo Shrine