Description of four tree species for private woodlandPresentation Transcript
A well matching of planted tree species on their planting sites ascertains the success of private woodland development. Farmers have to possess adequate knowledge regarding the suitability of selected tree species to the real condition of their own farmland.
Some information about four selected multipurpose tree species :
Namely akasia (Acacia auriculiformis),
Neem or mimba (Azadirachta indica),
Cemara pantai (Casuarina equisetifolia) and
Kaliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus)
Are presented in this paper. These species have good adaptability to a wide range of site condition, fast growing, and produce various products among others high quality fuelwood, small diameter timber, and fodder.
Besides, some of them can improve soil condition by the ability to fix nitrogen and produce mulch; name cake (residue left after extracting oil from the seeds) is an excellent fertilizer, because it is far richer in plant nutrients than manure. Their ability to grow well on poor soils may allow their cultivation without competing in using land for food crops.
Planting trees on communal land by the owner, the plant now known as community forests, is one grain of wisdom agrarian society in order to meet the various needs of his household. With the increasing number of people following her needs, and increasingly limited land ownership, the role of forests for the welfare of society is increasingly important. Knowledge of soil conditions and environmental factors to be combined with knowledge of the kinds of trees to be planted to get the results expected by the landlord, a factor that determines the success of the development of community forests.
The four tree species presented in this paper belong to multi-purpose tree species (multi-purpose tree species), can adapt to various types and soil conditions and climate, grow fast, and does not require intensive maintenance, making it suitable for propagation in the form of public forests in Indonesia . Cultivation in large-scale efforts will be able to overcome various problems, including widespread critical land or land less productive.
Description of the types of trees are expected to give a brief overview of some aspects of cultivation, benefits and results can be obtained, as well as pests and diseases. Divider (limitations) that need to be expressed also in cultivation. More complete information can be further studied in the literature related.