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INSTITUTE 0F TECHNOLOGY &MANAEMENT ALIGARHFINAL YEAR PROJECTAUTO PATH FINDER solar car+ANTIFALLINGSUBMITTED BYPROJECT GUIDEMS.SAKSHI MITTALProject inchargeSACHINVARSHANEY
AIM OF PROJECT :Saving Non Renewable Resourcesi.e Petrol & Diesel.Make Green City.Save Life Of Human.
Contents:I. IntroductionII. DescriptionIII. Block diagramIV. Solar panelV. How much electricity do we use?VI. Working of solar panelVII. Rechargeable batteryVIII. Motor driveIX. Dc motorX. Sensor’sXI. Working of I.RXII. Circuit diagramXIII. MicrocontrollerXIV. Advantage’s of projectXV. Future prospectsXVI. References
Introduction:Solar panel is the conversion of sunlight energy intoelectricity.Photovoltaic convert light into electric current.Auto path finder solar controlled car systemAnti falling solar car .Auto Path Finder Solar Car With Anti Falling
DescriptionThe following are the major components used in this Project:Solar Panel6s22 (9volt ) Rechargeable BatteryMabuchi Motor (12v)Ir Led Tx (0.6 -0 .7 V)Photo Diode (Rx)89c2051 MicrocontrollerOpto Coupler
Solar panelBLOCK DIAGRAM:
Solar panel:• A solar panel is a packaged, interconnected assembly of solarcells, also known as photovoltaic cells.• The solar panel can be used as a component of a largerphotovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity.• A photovoltaic system typically includes an array of solarpanels, an inverter, battery and interconnection wiring.
How much electricity do weuse?• A typical Indian home uses about 1 kW of power, or about 24kWh per day• If we average over everything – homes, factories, schools, etc.we use about 37 kWh per day for each person.
WORKING OF SOLAR PANELSARFARAJRAVINDRASHASHANKSATYAM
MOTOR DRIVE: Here we used H-BRIDGE to drive the motors, whateversignals it receives from the microcontroller on the basis ofthat it will drive the motors. An H-BRIDGE is an electronic circuit which enables avoltage to be applied across a load in either direction. H-BRIDGES are available as integrated circuits, or can bebuilt from discrete components
Rechargeable battery: Solar cars use a range of batteries including• Lead-acid batteries,• nickel-metal hydride batteries (NiMH),• Nickel-Cadmium batteries (NiCd),• Lithium acid batteries• lithium polymer batteries without any pollution. A rechargeable battery or storage battery is a group of one ormore electrochemical cells. Rechargeable batteries come in many different shapes and sizes, ranginganything from a button cell to megawatt systems connected to stabilize anelectrical distribution network
SENSOR: In this project we use infra red led and photodiode to checkthe interruption Infra red led transmits the rays in the air and these rays arereflected back by the surface and focus on the photodiode photodiode provide a signal to the controller and controllerchange the direction of the solar car automatically
DC MOTOR:Electric motor, operation is based on simple electromagnetism.A current-carrying conductor generates a magnetic field.The internal configuration of a DC motor is designed to harnessthe magnetic interaction between a current-carrying conductorand an external magnetic field to generate rotational motion.
Microcontroller:We use I.C 89s2051 as a main processor to control all thesensor’s and output motor’s.The at89c2051 is a low-voltageHigh-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 2 Kbytesof flash programmableProgram erasable read only memory (PEROM)
Advantage’s of project:• Solar energy is a completely renewable resource.• Oil, which is what most people currently use to power theirhomes, is not a renewable resource. This means that as soonas the oil is gone, it is gone forever and we will no longer havepower or energy.• Solar cells make absolutely no noise at all.
• 4. Solar energy creates absolutely no pollution.• 5. Very little maintenance is required to keep solar cellsrunning.• 6. Solar panels and solar lighting may seem quiteexpensive when you first purchase it, but in the long run• 7. Solar powered panels and products are typicallyextremely easy to install.• 8. Solar power technology is improving consistently overtime.
FUTURE PROSPECTS:Improve Solar Panels.Reduce Weight.To Improve Reliability.To Reduce The Cost.