Ancillary Packaging Materials_S.K.saravana

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Ancillary Packaging Materials_S.K.saravana

  1. 1. ANCILLARY PACKAGING MATERIALS S.K.SARAVANA Post Graduation - Packaging Technology Diploma – Supply Chain Management Six Sigma Green Belt Bsc. (Chemistry)
  2. 2. WHAT ARE ANCILLARY PACKAGING MATERIALS?• Secondary packaging material• Add value to primary package• Improve performance• Absence or inadequacy, impairs the performance of primary package S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  3. 3. ANCILLARY PACKAGING MATERIALS S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  4. 4. HOW DO THEY ADD VALUE?• Prevent contamination• Enhance visibility• Bind packaging materials• Improve strength• Prevent product damage• Hold system together S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  5. 5. CAPS AND CLOSURES S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  6. 6. CAPS AND CLOSURES• MAJOR CLOSURE SYSTEMS:• Lids• Aerosol valves• Threaded closures• Crowns• Lug caps S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  7. 7. FUNCTION OF CLOSURE SYSTEM• Product protection spoilage & contamination in storage & transportation• Preservation of product over stipulated timeA) Providing barrier to moisture, air, gases, vapors of volatile liquidsB) Holding vacuum and pressureC) Preserve organoleptic properties• Protection against pilferage, tampering & adulteration• Provide ease of opening & resealing• Provide convenience in dispensing S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  8. 8. THE CLOSURE SHOULD…• Not hinder dispensing• Neither affect nor get affected by product• Not release any toxic ingredients into the product• Withstand processing, sterilizing, pasteurizing, autoclaving etc. i.e., steps that may be involved in its life-cycle. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  9. 9. FACTORS FOR SELECTION OF CLOSURES• Product characteristics• Dispensing mechanism• Compatibility• Dimensional stability• Environmental stress cracking resistance• Heat resistance• Thread matching tolerances• Cost S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  10. 10. RAW MATERIALS FOR CLOSURES… PLASTICS PP LDPE HDPE S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  11. 11. RAW MATERIALS FOR CLOSURES… GLASS S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  12. 12. RAW MATERIALS FOR CLOSURES… METALS S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  13. 13. INKS S.K.SARAVANA,sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  14. 14. INKS• Inks are colored liquids or pastes, formulated to transfer and reproduce an image from a printing surface• Components of Inks: Pigments/dyes, vehicle, solvent & additives• Convey a message• Give a decorative effect to the substrate• Inks are used on a wide range of papers, boards, plastic, glass and textiles surface S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  15. 15. FORMS OF INKS SOLUTIONPASTE POWDER S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  16. 16. TYPES OF INKS• Printing Inks Rotogravure Inks Flexographic Inks Offset Inks Screen Inks• Specialty Inks Marking Inks Night Glow Inks Textile Inks UV Inks Fluorescent Inks• Surface Coatings S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  17. 17. SELECTION OF INK• Types of printing process• Type of substrate• Application• Finish• Drying process S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  18. 18. ADHESIVES S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  19. 19. ADHESIVES• Adhesive/glue is a mixture in a liquid, semi-liquid, solid state that adheres or bonds items together• Adhesives come from either natural or synthetic sources• Used to bind similar and dissimilar materials S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  20. 20. CLASSIFICATION OF ADHESIVES• ON BASIS OF SOURCE:• Natural: Starch, dextrines, animal and plant proteins, natural rubber, shellac• Semi-synthetic: Cellulose nitrate, polyamide derivatives• Synthetic: Neoprene and PVA adhesives. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  21. 21. CLASSIFICATION OF ADHESIVES• Waterborne Adhesives• Solvent–borne Adhesives• Hot–melt Adhesives S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  22. 22. WATER-BORNE ADHESIVES• Largest volume class of adhesive used in packaging• General advantages of ease and safety of handling, energy efficiency, low cost and high strength• Common waterborne adhesives: Starch adhesive S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  23. 23. SOLVENT–BORNE ADHESIVES• Adhesives in which volatile organic compounds are the major solvent or dispersant• Solvents: Heptane, toluene, n-butyl acetate, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, naphtha, mineral spirits and methylene chloride• Factors of cost, safety, productivity and above all, compliance with clean-air law have led to decline in use of these adhesives• Commonly used adhesive: Polyurethane adhesives S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  24. 24. HOT–MELT ADHESIVES• Hot melts - 100% solids adhesive• Based on thermoplastic polymers that are applied when heated in the molten state and set to form a bond on cooling and solidification• Fastest growing important class of adhesives in packaging S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  25. 25. HOT–MELT ADHESIVES• Co-polymer of Ethylene and Vinyl Acetate (EVA)• Excellent balance of molten stability, adhesion and toughness over a broad temperature range and compatibility• Advantage: Rapid rate of bond formation, which can translate into high production rates on a packaging line. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  26. 26. FEATURES OF A GOOD ADHESIVE• The adhesive must retain tack after solvents are removed to wet the secondary substrate• The adhesive must be flexible and retain elasticity even after it has cured• It should not become hard and brittle• The cured adhesive must possess the required level of thermal and chemical resistance• The cured adhesive must also be transparent and colorless S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  27. 27. ADHESIVE TAPES S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  28. 28. ADHESIVE TAPES• Combination of an adhesive and a backing material• Available in rolls of fixed length and width• Classification of basis of backing material: Fabric tapes, paper tapes, film tapes, non-woven fabric tapes, foil tapes, foam tapes, reinforced tapes, two faced tapes• Classification of basis of application: Packaging tapes, hospital and first-aid tapes, graphic art tapes, electrical tapes, automobile industry tapes etc. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  29. 29. ADHESIVES USED IN TAPES• Rubber based adhesives:• Advantages: Relatively cheap, high tack and adhesion, easy to formulate• Disadvantages: Softens and flows at high temperature• Acrylic based adhesives:• Advantages: Excellent adhesion and stable at relatively high temperatures• Disadvantages: Costlier• Silicon based adhesives:• Advantages: Good tack, withstand temperatures beyond 155oC• Disadvantages: Very Costly S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  30. 30. REINFORCEMENTS S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  31. 31. REINFORCEMENTS• Reinforcement: Enhance strength of packaging• Better ability to withstand rough handling conditions• Classification:• Metallic: Round wires and steel straps• Non-metallic: Polyester, Nylon, polypropylene, rayon. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  32. 32. FUNCTION OF STRAPS• Secure a handling base (skids, platforms, pallets, runners, spacers, etc.) to a unit• Strap may be used for local securement or within the transport vehicle• Straps also provide security against accidental loss or theft of the contents• Different packages can be color coded with strapping for easy identification in warehouses. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  33. 33. PROPERTIES OF STRAPS• Strength• Working range• Retained tension• Elongation recovery• Surface slipperiness• Abrasion resistance• Split resistance• Joint/weld strength S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  34. 34. FOR BEST RESULTS• Use correct quality of straps and seals• Use proper size of straps and seals• Locate the strap on package correctly• Use edge protection material as required• Use proper tools and equipments• Provide proper tension levels S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  35. 35. CUSHIONING MATERIALS S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  36. 36. CUSHIONING MATERIALS• Protects the article from damage due to shock and vibration• During transport, package is subjected to vibration, movement and jolts• Cushioning material prevents product damage, abrasion of surfaces, friction over sharp projection• Cushioning materials: Foams, paper shreds, cotton waste, sand etc. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  37. 37. FUNCTIONS OF CUSHIONING MATERIALS• Shock protection• Protection of high-finished surface• Protection of small projection on articles• Filling of void space S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  38. 38. CLIPS S.K.SARAVANA,sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  39. 39. CLIPS• Used to retain tension• Used for reinforcement• Types: Metal and plastic S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  40. 40. LABELS S.K.SARAVANA,sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  41. 41. FUNCTIONS OF LABELS• To identify the product• Provide ingredients• Purpose/use of the products• Providing aesthetic appeal• Child safety• Other information like maximum retail price (MRP), Batch No, Shelf-life/Best- before date etc. S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  42. 42. TYPES OF LABELS• Adhesive labels• Shrink/stretch sleeve labels• In-mould labels S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  43. 43. RAW MATERIALS OF LABELS• Metals• BOPP• OPP• PP• PE• PVC S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com
  44. 44. THANK YOU S.K.SARAVANA, sarvanpackaging@gmail.com

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