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Ucla Is245 Sum07 Final


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Guest lecture by Sara Tompson, USC, on science/engineering librarianship for UCLA Prof. Mary Maack's Information Access course.

Guest lecture by Sara Tompson, USC, on science/engineering librarianship for UCLA Prof. Mary Maack's Information Access course.

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    • 1. Some Thoughts on Science & Engineering Reference By Sara Tompson USC Science & Engineering Library Team Leader For Professor Mary Niles Maack's IS-245 Information Access. Summer 2007 UCLA Graduate School of Education and Information Studies
    • 2. S&E Reference
      • Introduction
      • Reference
      • Reference Librarians
      • Scientists and Engineers
      • Science and Engineering Literature
      • Some S&E Key Databases
    • 3. S&E Reference: Introductions - You
      • Any science or engineering backgrounds?
      • Any desirous of scitech librarianship?
    • 4. S&E Reference: Introductions - Me
      • Physical sciences and/or engineering librarian for 20 years
      • Academic, corporate, research positions
      • Reference and/or research required in all
    • 5. S&E Reference: Introductions - Me
      • USC S&E Library: 1970 to date; combined two libraries [ ]
      • One of 4 “center” libraries: Leavey (UG), Doheny (Grad), and VKC (Soc. Sci.)‏
      • Current model Team=Librarians, Center=Staff
      • Our team of 5 selectors – Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering
      • Charged with: collection development, instruction, outreach and reference
      • Librarians as faculty
    • 6. Reference
      • New user needs
        • Winnowing, vetting
      • New niches for librarians & info professionals
        • Education, training
      • Similar skills and competencies required
        • Listening! Core of Reference Interview
        • Friendliness
        • Patience
        • Curiosity
        • Persistence
    • 7. Reference: 21 st Century User Needs
      • Solving Info Overload
      • Trusted Sources – Identifying, maximizing searches
      • Avoiding plagiarism
      • Recent PAMNet discussion excerpt:
      • Me: “…I've often found that physics grad students are quite unfamiliar with searching citation databases, and appreciate demonstrations and tips.”
      • Original querent/new physics librarian* [post-analysis]: “The grad students who came to my class had never done a database search -- every paper they needed was handed to them by a professor… It threw me off a bit when they had never used Google Scholar and hadn't even heard of….”….”
          • * Used with permission
    • 8. Reference/Instruction: Blend & Expand
        • Have always been complementary
        • Instruction portion of reference has grown, with ease of access on Net
        • A USC goal - integrate/embed both services physically and electronically at point(s) of need, discovery - Can you think of examples?
        • IL Standards as guides – ACRL, ASEE, etc.
    • 9. Guides that Can Also Facilitate Reference
    • 10. Reference Librarians Competencies*
      • Digital literacy
      • Commitment to life-long learning
      • Thoughtful, clear communicators to diverse populations
      • Agents for positive change
      • Learning space providers
      • * [Re-envisioning the Mission of the 21st Century Information Services Environment: Foundational Roles for Academic Libraries. Report from the University of Southern California Information Services Division Dean’s Task Force. November, 2005.]
    • 11. Scientists & Engineers: Similar, not Same
      • “ Engineers use their colleagues as a resource more often than scientists”
      • “ Scientists use literature more than engineers”
      • Engineers use the literature differently from sciences and often need different types of literature....
        • For instance, engineers read more trade journals and internal reports than scientists do.”
        • [Tenopir, Carol and King, Donald W. Communication Patterns of Engineers . (New York: Wiley/IEEE, 2004), p. 25.]
    • 12. S&E Literature
      • Introduction to a field -> Specialized Encyclopedias
      • Philosophy of a field:
        • Classic texts
        • Annual review series
      • Development of a field:
        • Annual review series
        • Literature review articles
          • [Ackerson, Linda G. Literature Search Strategies for Interdisciplinary Research: A Sourcebook for Scientists and Engineers (Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2007), p. ix.]
    • 13. S&E Literature
      • Guides and Bibliographies [and review articles] outline the organization of a field's literature, as well as seminal sources. For example:
        • Stern, David. Guide to Information Sources in the Physical Sciences . (Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2000)
        • Craighead. H.G. “Nanoelectromechanical Systems.: Review. Science 24 November 2000, Vol. 290. no. 5496, pp. 1532 -1535 DOI:
        • LC “Science Tracer Bullets” *
        • ASEE-ELD Engineering Literature Guide Series *
      • [*Ackerson, Linda G. Literature Search Strategies ... p. ix.]
    • 14.
      • []
    • 15.
      • []
    • 16. S&E Primary Sources
      • “ Landmark” publications, per LC, e.g.
        • Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica , Charles Darwin's Origin of Species,
      • Current research – “First hand …observations and/or measurements taken in the lab or in the field.” Univ. Calgary:
        • Conference Proceedings
        • Preprints
        • Journals
      • Raw data - even more primary? Note: Libraries are now storing more.
    • 17. S&E Key Databases & Search Engines
      • Undergraduate vs. Graduate – some differences
      • UG (my take; others may disagree!)‏
        • Subscription: ProQuest
        • Subscription: OCLC First Search platform, if at your institution
        • Free: Google Scholar
        • Free: Google Patents
        • Free: Scirus (
    • 18.  
    • 19. S&E Key Databases
      • Graduate, Faculty, Researchers (my take)‏
        • Web of Knowledge (ISI) platform
          • Current Contents
          • Web of Science: Science Citation Index, Social Science Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Index
          • Journal Citation Report
          • Essential Science Indicators
        • Engineering Village 2 (Elsevier) platform
          • Compendex
          • Inspec, other available
        • American Chemical Society’s SciFinder Scholar
          • ChemAbstracts much faster online
          • Chem sources, patents, etc.
          • Very useful despite local file nuisance!
    • 20. Bibliography of items not already cited within presentation
      • Assoc. of College & Research Libraries/ACRL “ Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education” :
      • ACRL “Information Literacy Standards for Science and Engineering/Technology”:
      • USC Libraries “Re-envisioning the Mission of the 21st Century Information Services Environment: Foundational Roles For Academic Libraries”:
      • Tompson, Sara R. “Requisite Competencies for Recruitment and Retention.” Science & Technology Libraries , Special Issue Title: Science and Technology Librarians: Recruitment, Training, and Retention. 27:1/2, pp. 241-258.
      • Tompson, Sara R. “Scirus – for Scientific Information.” Electronic Resources Review. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship .
      • THANK YOU!! [email_address]