Ebooks 2006 talk final

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Ebooks 2006 talk final

  1. 1. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete?The first electronicbooks?! Tip of the hat to Lettie B! Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 1
  2. 2. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete? Presentation for the USCDigital Library Roundtable March 24, 2006 Sara Tompson, S&E Library Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 2
  3. 3. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete?What ARE ebooks? Opinions vary! I will:• Briefly cover the history of device-oriented texts,and then…• Move toward fulltext online books, including thethousands to which we subscribe at USC, with…• A discussion of some standards & metadata Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 3
  4. 4. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete?Hypertext pioneer Andries Van Dam1 (BrownUniversity, etc.) coined “electronic book” >20 yrs ago.But definitions vary. Is it: Content? -- Project Gutenberg and so on Format? -- Devices/appliances 1 Ardito, Stephanie. “Electronic Books: To ‘E’ or not to ‘E’; that is the question.” Searcher 8:4 (April 2000), pp. 28-38. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 4
  5. 5. Ebook History/BackgroundDEVICES/APPLIANCES – Xerox PARC into:• Early vision – Alan Kay’s “Dynabook”1- PCprototype• XLibris reader2 – closer to a tablet PC1Press, Larry. “Personal computing: From p-books to e-books.”Communications of the ACM 43:5 (2000), Pages 17-21.2Schlitt, Bill N., et al. “As We May Read: The Reading ApplianceRevolution.” IEEE Computer 32: 1 (Jan. 1999), pp. 65-73 . Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 5
  6. 6. Ebook History/BackgroundDynabook XLibris Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 6
  7. 7. Ebook History/Background• ReadUp3 “widget” for UpLib 3 Janssen, William C. “ReadUp: A Widget for Reading.” PARC Technical Report TR-05-3. (April 2005) http://www2.parc.com/ isl/members/janssen/pubs/TR-05-3.pdf Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 7
  8. 8. Ebook History/BackgroundOther recent devices: • Rocket Book, reconstituted by eBookwise – see http://www.ebookwise.com • Cybook – see http://www.bookeen.com/ • Sony Librie -> Portable Reader System PRS-500 – due out later in 2006 Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 8
  9. 9. Ebook History/BackgroundPublishers Report Increases in eBook Revenueand Units Sold in Q2 05 [?!]New York, NY – Friday, March 3, 2006 – eBook publishersreported increases in revenue and unit sales over the samequarter the previous year (Q2 2004) with a 36% increase ineBook units sold and a 69% increase in eBook revenues.Also, publishers reported a 24% increase in titles publishedover Q2 2004.”http://www.idpf.org/doc_library/statistics/Q22005.htm Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 9
  10. 10. Ebooks: FormatsOnline books readable from browsers viablefor libraries• Especially academic• Especially for reference works -- read differentlythan fiction Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 10
  11. 11. Ebooks: FormatsWeb Ebook Pros and Cons for Libraries• Barely “theftable”• Multiple simultaneous users• Well suited to reference – looking up/verifyingsimple data, not extensive reading• High tech, low touch, easy maintenance Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 11
  12. 12. Ebooks: FormatsWeb Ebook Pros and Cons for Libraries• Some readers/plug-ins kludgy• Browsability still not as easy online• Typically do not allow: OpenURL linking Z39.50 searching XML gateways PDA downloads Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 12
  13. 13. Ebooks at USC• eBrary™ http://was.usc.edu/eresources/isd/gateways/2827.php• Safari Tech Books ™ http://was.usc.edu/eresources/isd/gateways/3179.php• netlibrary ™ http://was.usc.edu/eresources/isd/gateways/7145.php Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 13
  14. 14. USC Ebooks: ebrary“We currently provide eBook technologies andservices to more than 900 customers in 100 differentcountries, representing 5.5 million end users. ebrary’spartners include more than 220 of the world’s leadingpublishers.”ebrary® is privately held, headquartered in Palo Alto,CA. http://www.ebrary.com/corp/about.htm Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 14
  15. 15. USC Ebooks: ebraryFounded in 1999 by:•Christopher Warnock, an Adobe Systems Engineer; alsoworked w/ university presses on electronic workflowimplementations, and Attorney Kevin Sayar who hasworked with high tech firms.Have Library Content and Technology Advisory Boards,including: Rick Burke of SCELC (Content) and Marianne Afifi (Technology) Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 15
  16. 16. USC Ebooks: ebrary® Dynamic Content Platform (DCP)™ --hosted content delivery service.DCP supports most PDF file types (rasterized,normal, web, etc.).Indexed, etc. to become “highly interactivedatabases” Convert into their “Exchange DataFormat ™” Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 16
  17. 17. USC Ebooks: ebraryWorks with: “Netscape Communicator 4.77 or7.x, Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.x or newer,Firefox 1.0.4 or newer (with the latest ebraryReader), Mozilla 1.7 or newer, Mac OS X, orMac OS 9.1 or newer…”Requires a browser plugin Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 17
  18. 18. USC Ebooks: ebraryJust a few features:InfoTools powerful, interesting links for Define[Merriam-Webster.com or OED subscription,Explain [Encyclopedia Britannica], Translate[BabelFish] Who [Biography.com]APA, MLA, other citation formatsMARC records; also working on federatedOPAC searches Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 18
  19. 19. USC Ebooks:“SLA has contracted with ebrary… to host, distribute, andarchive a full-text database of SLA serials and otherpublications. Information Outlook will be availablethrough ebrarys interactive platform. ….In the near future,ebrary will also scan SLAs journal Special Libraries, fromits first issue in January 1910 to 1996”Information Outlook 8:4, April 2004 Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 19
  20. 20. USC Ebooks:For Immediate Release January 20, 2004PALO ALTO, Calf. -- American Library Association (ALA)members will soon have online access to a fullysearchable, digital database of American Libraries(www.ala.org/alonline/), ALAs leading magazine for thelibrary profession, distributed monthly to more than64,000 individuals worldwide.ALA today announced that it has chosen ebrary(r)(www.ebrary.com), …. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 20
  21. 21. USC Ebooks:Founded in 2001 by OReilly & Associates and ThePearson Technology Group to: “Take the best IT booksfrom the best authors and publishers. Put them into anonline, searchable database.”2002: Partnered with ProQuest for academic andgovernment subscriptions2003: Partnered with Thomson Netg for businesstraining subscriptions http://proquest.safaribooksonline.com/ Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 21
  22. 22. USC Ebooks:“Safari works with HTML 4.0-compliant browsers withcookies, JavaScript and pop-ups enabled.”The Proquest meta help site has many fixes for manybrowsers, including Linux, some issues with the MacSafari (!) browser, etc. http://proquest.com/techsupport/prodfaq/safari_pd.shtml Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 22
  23. 23. USC Ebooks:Just a few features: • Category browse • Direct URLS • RSS feed for new books Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 23
  24. 24. USC Ebooks:• Early player: founded in 19981• OCLC acquired in 20012 • Part of their “econtent division” 1 “New & noteworthy.” Library Hi Tech News 17:3 (2000), p. 28 2“OCLC offers to purchase assets on netlibrary.” Information Intelligence Online Libraries and Microcomputers19:12 (Dec 2001), pp. 6-7. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 24
  25. 25. USC Ebooks:•Internet Explorer 5.5+•Netscape 6.2+•Mozilla 1.1+•Firefox 1.0+•Opera 7.0+ http://www.netlibrary.com/Help/Default.asp x?Page=HardwareSoftwareTips Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 25
  26. 26. USC Ebooks:•Adobe Acrobat Reader as plugin for mostebooks• LizardTech’s DjVu Browser Plug-in some http://www.netlibrary.com/Help/Default.asp x?Page=HardwareSoftwareTips Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 26
  27. 27. USC Ebooks:Pricing still linked to print – “100% of print plusa hefty premium for e-access”1Arts & Humanities [unstated] focus; some linksw/ Project Gutenberg textsUSC has had for over 5 years 1 L. Sipe via email. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 27
  28. 28. USC Ebooks:Just a few features:CJK options“Checkout” system with limits [e.g. 10audiobooks; none in our current sub]American Heritage Dictionary “embedded”Free “ebook of the month” Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 28
  29. 29. Ebooks: StandardsThe International Digital Publishing Forum(IDPF), formerly the Open eBook Forum(OeBF), is the trade and standardsassociation for the digital publishing industry:http://www.idpf.org/ Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 29
  30. 30. Ebooks: StandardsIDPF promulgates the Open Ebook PublicationStructure consensus specification, see:http://www.idpf.org/oebps/oebps1.2/download/oeb12.pdfOEBPS 1.0 provided document authors with a convenient“Basic” document vocabulary that all OEB ReadingSystems must recognize. This vocabulary was selectivelydrawn from the HTML 4.01 tagset, essentially conformingto XHTML 1.0 Transitional. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 30
  31. 31. Ebooks: StandardsNow up to Spec version 1.2, which continuessupport for a “Basic” document vocabulary whichall OEBPS 1.2 Reading Systems must recognize.“The Basic OEBPS 1.2 Document vocabulary is apure subset of XHTML 1.1.” Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 31
  32. 32. Ebooks: StandardsFour common attributes that may be applied tonearly all the elements in the Basic OEBPSDocument vocabulary: xml:lang and the [Core]attributes id, class, and title.There are certain usage restrictions, and ReadingSystem conformance issues, but generally thespecification is XHTML 1.1 compliant. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 32
  33. 33. Ebooks: Standards… Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 33
  34. 34. Ebooks: New types?Garmin iQue 3600a®:• Aviation GPS and auto GPS• Checklists• Personal organizer, etc. Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 34
  35. 35. Ebooks: New types?Podcasting! Descendant of:Radio dramas, serials• Books on tape, etc.• Back to the originaldefinition question! Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 35
  36. 36. Ebooks: Some see as ubiquitous…Taiga Provocative Statements:#10. “e-books and e-book readers will beubiquitous. Standards will have magically madethis possible. Hand helds will be ubiquitous andlibrary resources will need to be accessible tothese devices to meet user needs.” http://www.taigaforum.org/about.html Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 36
  37. 37. But I think we’re not there yet…“The Paperless Book” by James M. Bryant (M),Analog Devices. IEE Review (Nov. 1995), pp.245-247):“However, the essential feature of any practicalelectronic book is that I should be able to readit comfortably in bed.” Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 37
  38. 38. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete? Sara R. Tompson, MS Science & Engineering Team Leader 213.740.8700 * fax 213.740.0558 * sarat@usc.eduOr: http://www.usc.edu/isd/libraries/teams/science/ Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 38
  39. 39. Ebooks: Elite or Obsolete? THANK YOU!! Tompson / DLRT / Mar06 39

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