Economic and Social Counsil of United Nations (ECOSOC)

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Economic and Social Counsil of United Nations (ECOSOC)

  1. 1. ECOSOC BR. SARATH Marian college, kuttikanam, sarathcthomas@gmail.com
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is an organ of special significance in the UN structure, particularly in economic, social, cultural, educational, health and human rights matters. • It consists of 54 members who meet twice a year. ECOSOC carries out its functions in the form of numerous committees and commissions (i.e. Commission on Human Rights, the Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights) and specialized agencies (i.e. International Labor Organization [ILO], World Health Organization [WHO]).
  3. 3. I. The United Nations - its purposes, functions, structure • The purposes and principles of the United Nations are set forth in the United Nations Charter which came into force on October 24, 1945. One of the aims of the Charter is: • "...To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion...." • The Charter of the United Nations also provides for the 6 principle organs of the United Nations: • 1. General Assembly • 2. Security Council • 3. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) • 4. Trusteeship Council • 5. International Court of Justice • 6. Secretariat
  4. 4. General Overview 4
  5. 5. TASKS AND FUNCTIONS OF ECOSOC • promotion of higher standards of living, full employment, economic and social progress • solutions to international economic, social and health problems • international cultural and educational cooperation • encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms • consults with academics, business sector representatives and more than 2100 registered non-governmental organizations • Examples: Millennium Development Goals, ICT Task Force [Information and communication Technologies], African Development, Poverty eradication and sustainable development
  6. 6.  coordinates the work of the 14 UN specialized agencies, 10 functional commissions and five regional commissions  receives reports from 11 UN funds and programmes  issues policy recommendations to UN Bodies and Member States  is controlled by the General Assembly  serves as coordinating mechanism  does not hold executive authority  The ECOSOC is the central forum for discussing economic and social issues within the UN
  7. 7. CHAMBER DESIGN- SOME HISTORY The Economic and Social Council Chamber in the United Nations Conference Building was a gift from Sweden. It was conceived by Swedish architect Sven Markelius, one of the 11 architects in the international team that designed the UN headquarters. Wood from Swedish pine trees was used in the delegates' area for the railings and doors.
  8. 8. The pipes and ducts in the ceiling above the public gallery were deliberately left exposed; the architect believed that anything useful could be left uncovered. The "unfinished" ceiling is a symbolic reminder that the economic and social work of the United Nations is never finished; there will always be something more which can be done to improve living conditions for the world's people.
  9. 9. ECOSOC MEMBERS The Council's 54 member Governments are elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. Seats on the Council are allotted based on geographical representation with fourteen allocated to African States, eleven to Asian States, six to Eastern European States, ten to Latin American and Caribbean States, and thirteen to Western European and other States.
  10. 10. STRUCTURE OF ECOSOC
  11. 11. Full list of members of the Economic and Social Council for 2014 and the expiration date of membership Albania 2015 Antigua and Barbuda 2016 Austria 2014 Bangladesh 2016 Belarus 2014 Benin 2015 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2015 Botswana 2016 Brazil 2014 Burkina Faso 2014 Canada 2015 China 2016 Colombia 2015 Congo 2016 Croatia 2015 Cuba 2014 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2016
  12. 12. Denmark 2016 Dominican Republic 2014 El Salvador 2014 Ethiopia 2014 France 2014 Georgia 2016 Germany 2014 Greece 2014 Guatemala 2016 Haiti 2015 India 2014 Indonesia 2014 Italy 2015 Japan 2014 Kazakhstan 2016 Kuwait 2015 Kyrgyzstan 2015 Lesotho 2014 Libya 2014 Mauritius 2015 Nepal 2015
  13. 13. San Marino 2015 Serbia 2016 South Africa 2015 Sudan 2015 Sweden 2016 Togo 2016 Tunisia 2015 Turkmenistan 2015 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2016 United States of America 2015
  14. 14. Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)  Regional Commissions • Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) • Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) • Economic Commission for Europe(ECE) • Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) • Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)  Standing Committees • Committee for Programme and Coordination • Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations • Committee on Negotiations with Intergovernmental Agencies
  15. 15. Governmental Experts • Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and on the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals • United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names Independent Experts • Committee for Development Policy • United Nations Committee of Experts on Public Administration • Ad Hoc Group of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters • Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights • Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Special Bodies • International Narcotics Control Board • Board of Trustees of the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of
  16. 16. CONCLUSION it provided a lot of humanitarian and out standing services to the world. But there are also so many crictisms against ecosoc. • huge number of institutions and organs within the ECOSOC  overlapping responsibilities, hard to manage/ coordinate • the structure of the ECOSOC does not support coordinating function • very bureaucratic  inefficacious
  17. 17. MY REFERENCES www.un.org/en/ecosoc www.internetsociety.org www.ngocongo.org www. csonet.org (ACCESSED ON 13-06-14)

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