Draft Report for discussion                      Jan 2009                                             Chapter




        ...
Draft Report for discussion                       Jan 2009                        Chapter
         Main house base storey:...
Draft Report for discussion                         Jan 2009                                             Chapter

First Fl...
Draft Report for discussion                     Jan 2009                                                Chapter




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5 8 Historical Background And Description About The Building

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Transcript of "5 8 Historical Background And Description About The Building"

  1. 1. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter The principal front is distinguished by an enormous portico of The construction of the building started in 1803 under the Corinthian order. On the three points of the pediment there used to be supervision of James Achilles Kirkpatrick and continued by Samuel three statues (Temperance, Berceuse and Bacchus)[1], and in the Russell after the death of the former on October 15th, 1805[1]. In the center the company’s arms in Altorillievo. The Corinthian columns are Russell’s report on the status of the Residency building written in formed of white chunam, beautifully polished, and extend from the 1806, the building is still incomplete and is not habitable. Though the base, which is on the summit of a noble flight of 22 steps, to the top of building was occupied at a later date modifications and additions the upper storey. On each side of this flight of steps stands a Lion were done as per the individual taste of the Resident and needs of (earlier it used to be colossal sphinx). The portico, the cornices, and the Resident’s office. Corinthian columns, are ornamental in the richest style, executed in white chunam, and forming most appropriate and elegant decorations. [1] Report of Henry Russell, 1806 Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 5
  2. 2. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter Main house base storey: The base storey of the main house is spanned through a series of vaults in the east west direction. This floor opens to the south through an arcaded corridor which also connects the main house to the eastern and western wings. The 1806 Russell’s report describes that the base storey has Aubdar Khana [1], and the Hookhaburdeen Khana[2]. It also says that there are many other divisions capable of being converted into office, behind and in front is the treasury fitted up every convenience and strongly secured with iron gates and iron grating. As per J.A.K’s correspondence, the base storey was used as sleeping quarters during summers. One of the engravings in the walls found during the cleaning of debris in the basement storey describes the use of space as a Stamp room. A small porch opens upon the offices on the basement floor, where is also the treasury constantly guarded by a party of native soldiers. Wings The east wing which communicates with the body of the house on the south side by an arcade contained the kitchen baking house, dairy and other offices appertaining thereto and above is three apartments situated in the center of the wing intended to be sleeping rooms. The west wing which communicates with the house in the same manner as that on the east, contained the bath, button rooms, the tailor’s and washer men’s rooms and above in the center of the wing are the first and second assistant apartments and records office. The walls with a colonnade leading to the empress gate from the wings were added with rooms on their back side were used as offices, printing press, staff rooms, storage etc. [1] Aubdar Khana [2] Hookhaburdeen Khana Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 6
  3. 3. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter First Floor From this porch you go into a hall of the same length, and formerly of The northern front of the building, which is the entrance for European the same height, but now divided by Captain Sydenham into two visitors, consists of an open flight of steps, leading to a portico, paved stories - Sir James Mackintosh, while Recorder of Bombay, visited his with alternate squares of black and white marbles, and the pediment is friends Captain Sydenham at Hyderabad, in December 1808 supported by six composite pillars. From the portico of the Corinthian order, sixty feet long, thirty four in width and forty feet in high, you enter a great hall which includes in its height the apartments of the second floor; on the right hand and on the left of the hall you pass into large oval rooms each having in front same circular porticos of the Doric order. These rooms are twenty feet in height, communicate with four other, forming a complete suite of apartments and have with it private staircase leading to the second floor, and on to the top of the house. Out of the two oval rooms, one was used as a dining room, the other as a library, family drawing room. The four smaller square rooms at the corners were used as offices (first Resident’s office, antechamber of the Resident), billiard. The Durbar hall was used for ceremonial engagements and the oval rooms for the office of the Resident. From the Durbar hall you enter into a grand circular stair case with a dome. Second floor You ascend to the second floor of the house by the grand circular staircase before mentioned, you pass into the gallery of the great hall which communicate with a gallery in the north portico, on the right hand and on the left of the gallery in the hall are doors which lead into the rooms on the east and west side of this floor. These are divided exactly in the same manner as those underneath, and are intended for sleeping rooms. The east orb room on this floor used to have a handsome marble chimney price, and the ceilings of all the rooms are neatly finished with stucco was used as a drawing room sixty feet by forty feet. Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 7
  4. 4. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter The west wing also communicates with the house in the same manner The south front has a double height Doric colonnade over the balcony as that on the east. From the wings is a wall with a colonnade leading with wooden louvers giving shade. The former British Residency to the bank of the river Moosy, at the termination of this wall is a consists of a basement storey, of arches, and two others above it with handsome gateway, known as Empress Gateway. The approach wings, connected, by a continuation of the basement storey of arches leading to the main house while coming through the empress gate finished with a balustrade. You enter the base story of the great house surrounded by walls of the wings gives magnificent views of the main on the south storey is arched through out. a stair case on each side from house. This axial approach highlights the significance of the main the center of the base storey on the southern side leads to a landing of a building. It was said that architecture of such grand scale was used as Doric order portico. The east wing which communicate with the body of a means to show superiority[1]. the house on the south side by an arcade and above are thee large rooms situated in the center of the wing used as sleeping rooms. [1] Phillip Davies Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 8

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