The Need For Rail And Ports Integration Pmaesa


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Southern African Railways Association (SARA) - Papers and Publications.

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The Need For Rail And Ports Integration Pmaesa

  1. 1. THE NEED FOR RAIL AND PORTS INTEGRATION Presented by Bernard Dzawanda Executive Director Southern African Railways Association Khartoum, Sudan 7 November 2006
  2. 2. 1.Background <ul><li>Countries engage in international trade and therefore there is need for movement of goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimodal transport required in most cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Seaports play a key interface role between the sea based & surface transport modes. </li></ul><ul><li>Rail is one of the most important mode of transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Both rail & ports are integral elements of the logistics chain. </li></ul><ul><li>“ A chain is as strong as its weakest link” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geographical Map of rail lines Lesotho Presentation Malawi Gabon Congo Kenya Zambia Botswana Namibia South Africa Madagascar Mauritius Mozambique Tanzania Burundi Democratic Republic of Congo Rwanda Zimbabwe Uganda Angola Swaziland
  4. 4. 2. Characteristics of rail transport <ul><li>Bulk carrier. </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable for long haul. </li></ul><ul><li>Economies of scale. </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively cheaper mode of transport. </li></ul><ul><li>Often has direct links between major industrial nodes and seaports on either side of the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to handle a broad range of products. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. The integration process <ul><li>3.1 Areas of focus </li></ul><ul><li>A number of critical areas have to be synchronised between rail and ports to achieve improve efficiency and growth in business. These include the following among others; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment planning especially on infrastructure to give rail easy access to ports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harmonisation of rail & port operating philosophies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved communication & information exchange. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint marketing especially on the basis of rail corridor concept. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jointly setting performance targets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint operational planning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both rail & ports should invest in resources for them to be able to meet customer requirements and improve their competitiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Corridor Management Concept” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Schematic of Rail Corridors Smartpartnership Lesotho <ul><li>UPINGTON </li></ul><ul><li>MAFIKENG </li></ul><ul><li>BEITBRIDGE </li></ul><ul><li>GOLELA </li></ul><ul><li>PLUMTREE </li></ul><ul><li>VIC FALLS </li></ul><ul><li>NDOLA </li></ul><ul><li>NKM </li></ul>DAR ES SALAAM . <ul><li>ENTRE LAGOS </li></ul><ul><li>MACHIPANDA </li></ul><ul><li>CHICUALACUALA </li></ul><ul><li>KOMATIPOORT </li></ul><ul><li>MAPUTO </li></ul>NamRail SNCC ZRL TZR CEAR CFM SR BR NRZ BBR SPOORNET North-East Dar es Salaam Maputo/ Swaziland Richards bay Malawi Namibia D.R. CONGO ZAMBIA TANZANIA MOZAMBIQUE MALAWI ANGOLA NAMIBIA ZIMBABWE BOTSWANA SOUTH AFRICA SWAZILAND
  7. 7. The integration process contd <ul><li>3.2 Steps to improve rail intermodal role (by ports) </li></ul><ul><li>A critical review of current rail services offered. </li></ul><ul><li>An assessment of port/rail customer needs. </li></ul><ul><li>An assessment of rail needs vis-à-vis the port </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of opportunities for rail-oriented traffic growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of rail plans with existing and planned port infrastructure improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Designing an ongoing self sustaining process for future service evaluation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4.Benefits of integration <ul><li>Elimination of congestion in ports. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved transit times. </li></ul><ul><li>Quick turnaround of key rail operational resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved utilisation of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Predictability of service. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of the logistics chain. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved competitiveness of ports hence increase in business volume. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in the cost of doing business. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 5. Rail challenges & way forward <ul><li>5.1 Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>a). Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of investment in rail tracks in terms constructing new lines & maintaining existing ones. </li></ul><ul><li>Affects transit times and safety of cargo and equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>b) Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Shortage of locomotives & wagon. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance backlog </li></ul><ul><li>Affect reliability of service </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rail challenges & way forward contd <ul><li>5.2 Way forward </li></ul><ul><li>Government investment in rail infrastructure in line with the Brazzaville Declaration of 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector participation. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient utilisation of available resources by railways. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased utilisation of rail by ports to boost rail market share. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 6. Conclusion <ul><li>Scope exists for rail and port integration and both stand to benefit from such integration. There is therefore need for rail and ports to move hand in glove into the future. Customers will ultimately benefit from this collaboration. </li></ul><ul><li>THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION </li></ul>