Professional Conference On Interconnectivy & Operabilityof African Raiways System

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Southern African Railways Association (SARA) - Papers and Publications. http://www.sararail.org/

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Professional Conference On Interconnectivy & Operabilityof African Raiways System

  1. 1. PROFESSIONAL CONFERENCE ON INTERCONNECTION, INTEROPERABILITY OF AFRICAN RAILWAY SYSTEMS JOHANNESBURG REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 20 NOVEMBER 2007
  2. 2. PRESENTATION LAYOUT <ul><li>Who is SARA? </li></ul><ul><li>The business case for interconnectivity & interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Prerequisites for interconnectivity & Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Issues to consider </li></ul><ul><li>Interconnectivity in SARA </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability in SARA </li></ul><ul><li>Way forward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is SARA? <ul><li>The Southern African Railways Association is a regional railway organisation comprising </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Railway companies in SADC member states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major railway suppliers & customers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other interested stakeholders (railway regulator) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SARA’s objectives are to promote railway interests in the region in terms of ; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbying for equity in transport policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in railways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange of information and collaboration among members in order to provide a cost effective seamless railway transport service. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Business case for interconnectivity & interoperability <ul><li>To FACILITATE TRADE and REDUCE THE COST OF DOING BUSINESS leading to overall gains in the standard of living. </li></ul><ul><li>Movement of people across borders </li></ul><ul><li>Quicken the pace of economic development by attracting investment and facilitating access to markets for the abundant resources on the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety considerations </li></ul>
  5. 5. Prerequisites for interconnectivity & interoperability <ul><li>Interconnectivity – infrastructure issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazzaville Declaration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Missing links – to be eliminated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gauge – to be uniform/standard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance backlog – to be cleared/new investment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other bottlenecks – to be removed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding/investment - required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role of the State - active </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role of the private sector - active </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Interoperability <ul><li>Operating equipment & policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility of operating equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint skills development & standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility of national legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial issues </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Issues to consider <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Major traffic corridors & business volumes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in network size and condition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gauge differences – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which one should adopted? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What will happen to existing infrastructure? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel network vs funding requirements and failure to maintain existing infrastructure? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What will happen to existing operating equipment? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in national priorities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Level of implementation – national? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in access to funding/investment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong national balance sheet – widening of gap between the poor & the rich? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>% of GDP? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Issues to consider cont’d <ul><li>Operating equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility with infrastructure current or new </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment requirements </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Issues to consider cont’d <ul><li>Policies and procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in legal framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences in operating procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language barrier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardisation of human resource development </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Interoperability & interconnectivity in SARA <ul><li>Network connected by similar gauge (Cape gauge, 1,067m). </li></ul><ul><li>Some missing links being eliminated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Namibia building new line to link with Angola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angola rehabilitating lines destroyed during civil war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mozambique rehabilitating lines in the north affected by the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swaziland – Western connection to Lothair (to connect Mozambique & RSA). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zambia – to cater the boom in copper mining. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Botswana – Trans-Kalahari & coal mines. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintenance standards not uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Differences in signalling systems </li></ul>
  11. 11. Interoperability & interconnectivity in SARA cont’d <ul><li>Cross-border operations possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through working </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety regulator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interchange of wagons possible </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of equipment differ. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locomotives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wagons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corridor Management Groups in place to facilitate movement of international traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Regional marketing policy in place </li></ul>
  12. 12. WAY FORWARD <ul><li>STANDARDISATION </li></ul><ul><li>FUNDING </li></ul><ul><li>COOPERATION (national & railway levels). </li></ul><ul><li>INTEGRATION </li></ul>

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