WGST 303 Day 13 History Politics Sexuality


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WGST 303 Day 13 History Politics Sexuality

  1. 1. Dr. Sara Diaz WGST 303: The *isms: Race, Class, and Gender Gonzaga University Politics and History of Sexuality
  2. 2. Last-Time • We finished the video Inequality for All • We introduce the concept of the self-sufficiency standard. • We have been discussing identity-based oppression • Race & housing discrimination • Class & economic inequality • Gender & wage injustice • Today: • Sexuality & heterosexism
  3. 3. Structural Inequalities for LGBT People • More than marriage • Employment • Hiring, firing – Unemployment (nearly double straight unemployment) • Wage gaps (5-8% in Canada, still need research in US) • Housing • Public Accommodation • Credit • Insurance • Adoption (mostly resolved by Obergfel v Hodges) • Healthcare • Poverty • Homelessness (particularly for youth) • Immigration (mostly resolved by Obergfel v Hodges) • Incarceration/Serveillance • Hate crimes & violence
  4. 4. Alaska Hawaii Non-Discrimination Laws No Protection Non Discrimination includes Housing, Employment, Public Accommodation, and Credit No Credit Non-discrimination Excludes Transgender on One Element Excludes Transgender Across the Board Employment and Housing Non- discrimination Only
  5. 5. Alaska Hawaii Marriage -> Discrimination
  6. 6. Invention of heterosexuality • Why does Katz say heterosexuality was invented? • How is sexuality socially constructed??—Ami • How do our assumptions about biological sex shape our understanding of sexuality? • When was the catalyst in history, when society, particularly American society, started to label sexualities in categories? And why was this transition adopted? Is it because as human beings we are naturally category ordered and so our brains automatically seek to separate different entities? Or is it because of societal pressure and indoctrination of the idea that there's one sexuality and one gender, that we in the 21st century struggle with allowing sexuality and gender to be fluid in its actuality?— Bailey
  7. 7. Intersections •Why did it take 100 years longer for the word "lesbian" to be created. Why was "gay" first? Did men start "coming out of the closet" before women did?—Lily Z •How does sexuality linkage [intersect?] between race, class and gender?—Majda
  8. 8. Heterosexism •Other than the word fag, what are some other words we often hear on a day-to-day basis that are meant to be "mechanisms of social control"? – Alexis •Who set sexuality and gender norms and how were they carried out? How does heterosexism affect your daily life? –Brandon
  9. 9. Heterosexism • If the world were to recognize themselves as non-gendered (non- conforming) beings without a sexual orientation, what would happen to the institutions around us? How would things change in relation to products, medical fields, job positions, etc. Would this ever be possible? How would we have to change our institutions so that non-gendered sexual beings can exist without categories?—Olivia • Gore Vidal suggests that "There is no such thing as a homosexual or a heterosexual person. There are only homo- or heterosexual acts"(A&C p.232). If society as a whole were to adopt this mindset, do you think that heterosexual hegemony would still exist? Why or why not?-- Nichole