Dr. Sara Diaz
WGST 303: The *isms: Race, Class, and Gender
Gonzaga University
Crime & Injustice
Some Stats
• 42% of rape survivors never tell anyone about their assault.
• 15% of rapes are “stranger rape.”
• 57% of rap...
Gender-based violence & law
• Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) passed 1994,
reauthorized in 2012.
• Provides some protect...
Hate Crimes
• 1964 Civil Rights Act – defined bias crimes wrt “race, color,
religion, or national origin”
• VAWA 1994 atte...
Gender-based violence
• Should rape be considered a hate crime? Why? Why
not?
• Who does the law benefit most when it come...
State Violence
• What additional forms of violence were
created by the legal system in the history
of rape prosecution?
• ...
In your groups
• Problem Statement
• Identify Cumulative Privileges/Disadvantages
• Intersections (-isms)
• Intersections ...
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WGST 303 Day 26 Hate Crimes

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  • http://www.davidlisak.com/wp-content/uploads/pdf/RepeatRapeinUndetectedRapists.pdf
  • WGST 303 Day 26 Hate Crimes

    1. 1. Dr. Sara Diaz WGST 303: The *isms: Race, Class, and Gender Gonzaga University Crime & Injustice
    2. 2. Some Stats • 42% of rape survivors never tell anyone about their assault. • 15% of rapes are “stranger rape.” • 57% of rapes happen on dates. • 1 in 4 college women say they have been forced to have sex. • 6% of college men say they have forced someone to have sex, • 88% of them said they didn’t think it constituted rape. • 63% of them have raped more than once (serial rapists average 6 rapes) • 58% of serial rapists report other acts of interpersonal violence, 40% of single rapists. • No racial ethnic differences
    3. 3. Gender-based violence & law • Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) passed 1994, reauthorized in 2012. • Provides some protections, but is not a national rape law. • Must be reauthorized every 20 years. • Marital rape was legal in some states as late as 1993. • 13 states still treat marital rape differently (higher standard of “force” required).
    4. 4. Hate Crimes • 1964 Civil Rights Act – defined bias crimes wrt “race, color, religion, or national origin” • VAWA 1994 attempted to include rape as hate crime on the basis of gender (went to supreme court, declared unconstitutional). • Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act in 1994 expanded hate crime to include “perception” and ethnicity, gender for federal crimes only. • Matthew Shepherd and James Byrd Jr Hate Crimes Prevention Act 2009 expanded included gender identity, sexual orientation, disability • States - most do not include sexual orientation and gender identity.
    5. 5. Gender-based violence • Should rape be considered a hate crime? Why? Why not? • Who does the law benefit most when it comes to rape and anti-queer hate crimes? • Historically speaking, why is that so? • How can we change the legal system so that more people who are the targets of these crimes have access to justice?
    6. 6. State Violence • What additional forms of violence were created by the legal system in the history of rape prosecution? • How is the state implicated in that violence? • Can we see traces of state violence in hate-crimes statutes?
    7. 7. In your groups • Problem Statement • Identify Cumulative Privileges/Disadvantages • Intersections (-isms) • Intersections (institutions) • Past Interventions • Proposed Solutions • Solutions must address each of the four elements of the problem statement
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