WGST 303 Day 14 LGBT Oppressions


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  • http://transequality.org/PDFs/NTDS_Report.pdf
  • WGST 303 Day 14 LGBT Oppressions

    1. 1. Dr. Sara Diaz WGST 303: The *isms: Race, Class, and Gender Gonzaga University LGBT Oppressions
    2. 2. Portfolio • SDIs on Blackboard. • Make sure you are using the right calculators and minimum wage. • Self sufficiency wage: The amount someone must be paid in order to meet the cost of living such that they do not need to rely on social safety-net programs OR credit. • Don’t forget, NOT everyone has access to credit. Many of your SDIs would be unable to qualify for a credit card based on their financial situation. • What do you do to get by w/o recourse to credit?
    3. 3. History of Sexuality • Heterosexuality was invented • Inherent, psychological characteristic rather than descriptive of a sex act. • Coincides w/ Industrial Revolution • Means of reproduction being regulated as the means of production become increasingly regulated • Women’s reproduction also heavily regulated since this time (birth control, abortion, etc) • Most of our more contemporary understandings of human difference date to that time. • Sexuality is gendered • The way we police sexuality differs based on gender • Women’s same-sex interactions (under LIMITED circumstances) are not policed in the same way as men’s • Subordination
    4. 4. Reminder • When we are talking about masculinity/men, femininity/women OR about whiteness/white people, blackness/black people we are not talking about individual people in this room OR all members of those groups but instead about systems of identity, power, privilege, and oppression. • Just because we don’t hold certain views ourselves, doesn’t mean others aren’t affected by them. • We may think we aren’t racist or homophobic, but racism and homophobia are still real. • AND, we ALL hold implicit biases, so we have to be careful about exclaiming: BUT NOT ME! • Finally, although not all men, not all white people, not all straight people are sexist, racist, or homophobic, right now our discussion is about those isms (that’s what the class is about!)
    5. 5. Trans 101 • Transgender: An umbrella term for people whose gender identity or expression does not match the gender they were assigned at birth. • Cisgender: Someone whose gender identity matches the gender they were assigned at birth, someone who is not trans*. • Transexual: Refers to binary trans* people (trans men and trans women), or to trans* people who physically transition in any way. Becoming less widely used. • Genderqueer: Gender that is neither man nor woman, possibly in between or seen as a totally separate gender. • Agender: Describes someone who identifies as genderless, without gender, or gender neutral • Cis-sexism: Results from the assumption that cisgender is only normal gender identity, which in turn creates institutional power differentials which systematically advantage cisgender people over transgender people
    6. 6. Pronouns • Cis Pronouns/Possessives • She/He, Her/Him, Hers/His, Herself/Himself • Trans Pronouns/Possessives • She/He, Her/Him, Hers/His, Herself/Himself • Ze (Zee), Hir (here), Hirs, Hirself • They, Them, Theirs, Themselves • MANY MORE. • When in doubt ask: What are your pronouns?
    7. 7. Extreme Caution: USE CAUTION: • Transvestite: Often used synonymously with cross dresser this term is usually derogatory and isn’t preferred by most people today. • Some people have tried to reclaim this term, but “cross dresser” is the safer choice. DO NOT USE: • Tranny: A derogatory term which refers to trans people. Typically carries a connotation of sex work.
    8. 8. Syntax •Proper syntax: •Trans people are often the targets of violent crime. •Transgender people are routinely denied access to healthcare. •17 trans women of color have been murdered this year. •Trans men are not butch lesbians.
    9. 9. Improper Syntax • Caitlyn Jenner is a transgender. • Think about how this would sound with another SDI: Caitlyn Jenner is a white? • The parents learned their daughter is transgendered. • Transgender is a noun or an adjective but never a verb: Oprah Winfrey is blackened? • Janet Mock was born a boy. • Janet Mock identifies as a woman. The better way to say this is: Janet Mock was assigned male at birth. Better still: “Trans woman of color, Janet Mock, ________.” Fill in the blank with something more interesting and substantive about her. It’s none of our business what sex she was assigned at birth, but she is out as trans, so we can identify her as such and then move on. • When Chaz Bono was a woman, she identified as a lesbian. • Chaz Bono’s identity is “man.” He always was a man, even if the rest of us didn’t know that. Use proper pronouns and their chosen name, even when you are talking about someone before their transition.
    10. 10. Fast Facts • Trans* people are four times as likely to live in extreme poverty than the general population. • 41% have attempted suicide (1.6% in general population). • 78% of transgender youth experience harassment in school, 35% physical violence, 12% sexual violence. • Trans* people have double the rate of unemployment. • 90% have experienced workplace harassment. • 47% report having been fired for being trans*. • 16% report having been compelled to work in the underground economy. • Trans people are incarcerated 85% more than cisgender people. • Trans people have twice the rates of homelessness compared to cis people. • Trans* people of color experience ALL of this at higher rates than white trans* people.
    11. 11. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions • Why does racism and heterosexism rely upon each other for meaning? Why is there an assumption that they are they are two separate systems of oppression?—Katie • What are some examples in society of "state-sanctioned instituitional mechanisms to maintain...sexual hierachies"? Like for racism there are obvious things like redlining in housing and unequal pay between minoririties and whites. What is there for social buondaries are their for people who are not hetero? Are they as hindereing as the boundaries on minorities? -- Ami • Why does the state reward marriage (referring to Collins pg. 213)? --Kinzie
    12. 12. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions • How does "white fear of black sexuality" shaped society's views on the way we relate race and sexuality? Why did the white man decide being sexually inclined was a sign of primitivity? How does the 'breeder woman' play into this ideology?– Emily S • In what ways are privilege and oppression created through the intersection of racism and heterosexism?— Serena
    13. 13. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions • Why is the idea of masculinity, especially among teenage boys, centered so heavily around sexuality while the idea of femininity isn't affected heavily by [hetero]sexuality, but based more havily around looks?—Sarah • Collins mentions the medias portrayal of over masculine black men especially in rap and hip hop. How does our currnet media effect our views of masculinity and faminity? With public figues ranging from Nikki Minaj, Taylor Swift, Frank Ocean or to Chris Brown, how do celebrities like these directly affect how genders are portrayed? --Meredith
    14. 14. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions • It says in the Constitution, "separation of Church and State", as a way of how our country should be governed. If there is truly supposed to be a separation of church and state, why do many politicians and average citizens rely on their religious beliefs to alienate members of the LGBTQ community, not only in marriage, but in individual rights?- -Julianna
    15. 15. Discussion QuestionsDiscussion Questions • Who set sexuality and gender norms and how were they carried out? How does heterosexism affect your daily life? –Brandon