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Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology
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Day 13 Stuart Hall and Ideology

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  • http://www.mtv.com/videos/misc/1066933/mtv-vma-video-vanguard-medley.jhtml#id=1729742
  • The idea of “gender” arose out of social construction theory.

    In GWSS gender is distinguished from sex. Sex is a category that is assigned at birth based on a doctor’s assessment of our genetalia. In modern Western society there are only two categories assigned (male and female) This is not always true in all parts of the world or at all times! GENDER is how we learn to behave based on the sex category into which we were placed. So if we were categorized as female we are gendered feminine and raised to be a woman. It is important to note that these three words (female, feminine, woman) in GWSS likewise (male, masculine, man) …
  • Transcript

    • 1. Stuart Hall Grammar of Race Dr. Sara Diaz WGST 280: Gender, Sex, & Popular Culture Gonzaga University
    • 2. Social Constructions So Far • Gender as a social construct • Constructed and normalized through codes of gender • Infantilization • Ritualized Subordination • Feminine Touch • Licensed Withdrawl • Class as a social construct • Structural Economic Inequalities • Media structured around middle class consumers • Codes of class obscure realities of modern America • Working class as “buffoons”
    • 3. Social Construction of Race • How is race socially constructed? • Societally? • Representationally? • Think both about “whiteness” and people of color
    • 4. STUART HALL ON IDEOLOGY
    • 5. Ideology • How does Hall define ideology? • Constituted by chains of meanings • Unconscious and Environmental rather than Intentional and Individual • Construct “common” knowledge/sense as “Truth” • What is the relationship between media and ideology?
    • 6. Overt vs Inferential Racism • How does Hall distinguish between “Overt” and “Inferential” racisms? • “By inferential racism I mean those apparently naturalized representations of events and situations relating to race, whether ‘factual’ or ‘fictional,’ which have racist premises and proposition inscribed in them as a set of unquestioned assumptions.” -Hall, p. 83 • Inferential racism is a form of ideology.
    • 7. Representations • On the persistence of ideologies of racial dominance: “We can grasp their recurring resonance better if we identify some of the base images of the ‘grammar of race.’” - Hall, p. 83 • What does Hall mean by “grammar”? • Chains of meaning
    • 8. Representations • Understanding how social groups are represented (the images used to signify their social position) helps us better understand the persistence of ideologies of dominance. • Grammar of Race? • Mammy/Sapphire • Sambo/Black Rapist • Noble Savage/Uncivilized Savage
    • 9. Other Inferential *-isms • Sexism • Heterosexism • Classism • Ableism • Cis-sexism • Other ideologies that fuel Inferential –isms • Neoliberalism • Nationalism/Ethno-centrism
    • 10. Representations • When we think about “grammars” of ideology, we must think about how they work together to structure social categories and reinforce hierarchies.
    • 11. Next Week • Bringing all of the grammars/codes discussed so far (of gender, class, and race) to think about grammars of sexuality. • IF you haven’t already watched the ***Flawless video and the VMA performance do so before Monday!

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