Islamic thoughts in education

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Islamic thoughts in education

  1. 1. ISLAMIC THOUGHTS IN EDUCATION
  2. 2. MAIN TOPICS FOR DISCUSSION <ul><li>Etymology </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphysics </li></ul><ul><li>Five pillars of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic education </li></ul>
  3. 3. ETYMOLOGY-ISLAM <ul><li>Arabic word – sallam </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning – </li></ul><ul><li>peace, </li></ul><ul><li>complete submission (to god), </li></ul><ul><li>and unbreakable ( by stones of ignorance) </li></ul>
  4. 4. METAPHYSICS <ul><li>God </li></ul><ul><li>Angels </li></ul><ul><li>Revelations (Quran) </li></ul><ul><li>Prophets </li></ul><ul><li>Resurrection and judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Predestination </li></ul>
  5. 5. FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM <ul><li>1. The shahadah (creed) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Daily prayers (salat) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Almsgiving (zakat) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Fasting during Ramadan and </li></ul><ul><li>5. The pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE SHAHADAH (CREED) <ul><li>&quot;I testify there are no deities other than god alone and I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of god.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. DAILY PRAYERS (SALAT)
  8. 8. PRAYER
  9. 9. ALMS GIVING (ZAKAT)
  10. 10. FASTING DURING RAMADAN
  11. 11. THE PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA (HAJJ)
  12. 12. ISLAMIC EDUCATION <ul><li>Aims of education </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of Islamic education </li></ul><ul><li>Methods of teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Role of teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Educational implications </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>AIMS OF EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of the individual for future life. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious knowledge for salvation </li></ul><ul><li>Propagation of religious knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Propagation of Islamic law and Islamic value system </li></ul>
  14. 14. CURRICULUM <ul><li>Quran </li></ul><ul><li>The biography of hazrath Muhammad </li></ul><ul><li>Laws of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic and Persian languages </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Logic </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Astrology </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Geography </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Unani system of medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Sanskrit for Hindu children </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  15. 15. ORGANIZATION OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION <ul><li>Bismillah (a ritual at the age of four) </li></ul><ul><li>Maktab (primary school) </li></ul><ul><li>Madrasa </li></ul>
  16. 16. METHODS OF TEACHING <ul><li>Memory method for memorization of various aspects of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Recitation method </li></ul><ul><li>Reading method </li></ul><ul><li>Writing method </li></ul><ul><li>Oral methods </li></ul>
  17. 17. ROLE OF TEACHER <ul><li>Teachers were used to be holy persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers used to develop a personality of the students using different methods. </li></ul><ul><li>They used to follow the principles of reward and punishment. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium of instruction used by teachers was Arabic and Persian. </li></ul><ul><li>Student-teacher relationship were harmonious. Teachers used to behave like parents. </li></ul>
  18. 18. EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS <ul><li>Education is sacred as it was Allah himself who educated the first man. </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on reading and writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is a continuous process. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is not restricted to what went within the school. </li></ul><ul><li>No gender restrictions in education. </li></ul>
  19. 19. THANK YOU

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