Veins Blood vessels which carry blood from tissues to heart Valves Venules
Veins of Lower Limb Superficial Deep Perforating Anterior Profunda Femoris &Greater Saphenous Small Saphenous Femoral Vein Poplietal Vein Peroneal Vein Vein Posterior Tibial Vein
Anterior tibial vein In human anatomy, the anterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from theanterior compartment of the leg to the popliteal vein which is formed when it joins with the posterior tibial vein. Like most deep veins, the anterior tibial vein is accompanied by an artery of the same name, the anterior tibial artery, along its course.
Posterior Tibial vein In anatomy, the posterior tibial vein of the lower limb carries blood from the posterior compartment and plantar surface of the foot to the popliteal vein which it forms when it joins with the anterior tibial vein. Like most deep veins, the posterior tibial vein is accompanied by an artery of the same name, the posterior tibial artery, along its course.
Peroneal Vein In anatomy, the fibular veins (also known as the peroneal veins) are accompanying veins of the fibular artery. The fibular veins are deep veins that help carry blood from the lateral compartment of the leg. They drain into the posterior tibial veins, which will in turn drain into the popliteal vein. The fibular veins accompany the fibular artery.
Popliteal vein The popliteal vein is located behind the knee. Its course runs alongside the popliteal artery, but carries the blood from the knee joint and muscles in the thigh and calf back to the heart. Its origin is defined by the junction of the posterior tibial vein and anterior tibial vein. It drains the peroneal vein before reaching the knee joint and turns into the femoral veinwhen leaving the adductor canal (also known as Hunters canal). The popliteal artery extends from the femoral artery behind the popliteal fossa which is the space behind the knee.
Profunda femoris vein Profunda femoris vein (or deep femoral vein) is a large deep vein in the thigh. It receives blood from the inner thigh and proceeds superiorly and medially running alongside the profunda femoris artery to join with the femoral vein approximately at the level of the inferior-most portion of the ischial tuberosity.
Femoral Vein In the human body, the femoral vein is a blood vessel that accompanies the femoral artery in the femoral sheath. It begins at the adductor canal (also known as Hunters canal) and is a continuation of the popliteal vein. It ends at the inferior margin of theinguinal ligament, where it becomes the external iliac vein.DrainageSeveral large veins drain into the femoral vein: popliteal vein profunda femoris vein great saphenous vein
Great Saphenous Vein “GSV” The GSV originates from where the dorsal vein of the first digit (the large toe) merges with the dorsal venous arch of the foot. After passing anterior to the medial malleolus (where it often can be visualized andpalpated), it runs up the medial side of the leg. At the knee, it runs over the posterior border of the medial epicondyle of the femur bone. The great saphenous vein then courses laterally to lie on the anterior surface of the thigh before entering an opening in the fascia lata called the saphenous opening. It joins with the femoral vein in the region of the femoral triangle at the saphenofemoral junction.
Small Saphenous Vein The small saphenous vein (also short saphenous vein), is a relatively large vein of the superficial posterior leg. Its origin is where the dorsal vein from the fifth digit (smallest toe) merges with the dorsal venous arch of the foot , which attaches to the great saphenous vein. It is a considered a superficial vein and is subcutaneous (just under the skin). From its origin, it courses around the lateral aspect of the foot (inferior and posterior to thelateral malleolus) and runs along the posterior aspect of the leg (with the sural nerve), passes between the heads of the gastrocnemius muscle, and drains into the popliteal vein, approximately at or above the level of the knee joint.
Communicating vein Communicating veins (or perforator veins ) are veins that directly connect superficial veins to deep veins. Communicating veins have valves that only allow blood to flow from superficial to deep veins