Bullying 101: Everything you need to know about bullying in NJ Presented by: Ron Shuali www.ShuaLife.com 732-777-1326
Harrassment, Intimidation or Bullying (HIB)Harassment, intimidation or bullyingmeans any gesture, any written, verbal,or physical act, or any electroniccommunication whether it be a singleincident or a series of incidents, that isreasonably perceived as beingmotivated either by any actual orperceived characteristic, such as: Page 9, Line 44 - 48
Examples of HIB Characteristics• Race • Gender Identity & Expression• Color• Religion • Mental, Physical or Sensory Disability• Ancestry• National Origin • Or any other distinguishing• Gender characteristic• Sexual Orientation Page 9, Line 48
HIB ContinuedThe incident can take place on schoolproperty, at any school-sponsoredfunction, on a school bus or offschool grounds that substaniallydisrupts or interferes with the orderlyoperation of the school or the rightsof other students…Page 10, Line 3-8
HIB ContinuedAnd that: A reasonable person shouldknow, under the circumstances, willhave the effect of physically oremotionally harming a student ordamaging the student’s property, orplacing a student in reasonable fear ofphysical or emotional harm to hisperson or damage to his property.Page 10, Line 9-13
HIB Continued OR Has the effect of insulting or demeaning any student or group of students OR Creates a hostile educational environment for the student OR By interfering with a student’s education or by severely or pervasively causing physical or emotional harm to the student Page 10, Line 14-22
HIB ContinuedNothing contained in the Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act shall alteror reduce the rights of a student witha disability with the regard todisciplinary actions or to general orspecial educational services andsupports.Page 22, Line 21. Federal lawsupercedes all state law as inthe above disability
Code of Conduct Conduct which shall constitute good cause for suspension or expulsion of a pupil guilty of such conduct shall now include harassment, intimidation and bullying.Page 9, Lines 7-9 & 35 A public institution of higher education shall adopt a policy to be included in its student code of conduct prohibiting harassment, intimidation, or bullying.Page 21, Lines 14-17
Policy/Procedure A school district’s policy on HIB shall include provisions for appropriate responses to HIB that occur off school grounds in cases in which a school employee is made aware of such actions. Page 16, Line 19 Provides a detailed procedure that must be included in each district’s policy concerning the investigation of incidents of HIB. Pg 11, Line 4-37
A school employee or contractedservice provider MUST notify aprincipal verbally the day of theincident and file a written report withthe school principal within two daysof observing or being made aware ofan act of HIB.Page 11, Line 10-15
HIB reporting process HIB Incident occurs School Employee or Contracted Service Provider Principal Parent ABS Superintendent Page 11, Line 4 to Page 12, Line 43Board of Education
HIB incident occursWitness Verbal report to Gives school principal on the principal a same day when it is written report witnessed or reliable information within 2 days of is given incident. Page 11, Line 4 - 7
InitiatesSchool investigation After the investigation is through ABS within complete, a report isPrincipal 1 day. given to the ABS has 10 days to superintendent complete the within 2 days investigation after receipt of writtenInform the parents/ report.guardians of all A parent maystudents involved, Parents are entitled request a hearingthe same day as to receive with the Board ofthe verbal report information about the Education whichand may discuss investigation within 5 shall be heldcounseling or other days after it is sent to within 10 days ofinterventions. Board of Ed. the request Page 11, Line 7 – 15, 30 – 44 Page 12, Line 11 - 22
May provide interventions, Must report the counseling or investigation to theSuperintendent additional training Board of Education by to reduce HIB or the next BOE meeting, take/recommend including actions that other appropriate took place. action Board of Education shall issue a decision to affirm, reject or modify the superintendents decision. The board’s decision may be appealed to the Commissioner of Education. Page 11, Line 47 – Page 12, Line 10 Page 12, Line 29 -33
A school administrator who fails to initiate or conduct an investigation of an incident, or who should have known of an incident and fails to take action, is subject to disciplinePage 14, Line 34
Department of Education The Department of Education, in consultationwith the Division of Civil Rights in the Dept. ofLaw and Public Safety shall develop a guidancedocument for use by parents/guardians,students and school districts to assist inresolving complaints concerning studentharassment, intimidation or bullying behaviors.Page 19, Line 1-7The document shall include best practices for theprevention, intervention, and remediation ofharassment, intimidation or bullying in schools,including methods to identify and assist studentpopulations at high risk for harassment,intimidation or bullying.Page 19, Line 11-14
Department of Education The Commissioner of Education shallestablish a formal protocol pursuant towhich the office of the executive countysuperintendent of schools shallinvestigate a complaint that documentsan allegation of a violation… by a schooldistrict located within the county, whenthe complaint has not been adequatelyaddressed on the local level.Page 19, Line 28 - 37
Reprisals and Retaliation A member of the board of education, school employee, student or volunteer shall not engage in reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a victim, witness or one with reliable information about an act of HIBPage 14, Line 14
Responsibility A member of a board of education, school employee, contracted service provider, student or volunteer who has witnessed, or has reliable information that a student has been subject to HIB shall report the incident to the appropriate school official designated by the school district’s policyPage 14, line 18-25
Bullying Prevention FundThe Department of Education willcreate the “Bullying PreventionFund” to be used to fund grants toschool districts to provide trainingon HIB prevention and on effectivemeans to create a positive climatePage 20, Line 33
Superintendent The superintendent of schools shall report to the Board of Education and Department of Education twice a year…at a public hearing all acts of violence, vandalism and HIB Page 7, Line 14-18 The superintendent in each school district shall appoint a district anti-bullying coordinator and sets forth responsibilities of that individual Page 17, Line 1
The Anti-Bullying Coordinator shall Providedata, in collaboration with the superintendent of schools, to the Department of Education regarding HIB of students Page 17, Line 12 Executesuch other duties related to school HIB as requested by the superintendent of schoolsPage 17, Line 15
The Anti-Bullying Coordinator shall Be responsible for coordinating and strengthening the school district’s policies to prevent, identify, and address harassment, intimidation, and bullying of students Page 17, Line 5 Collaborate with school anti-bullying specialists in the district, the board of education, and the superintendent of schools to prevent, identify, and respond to HIB of students in the district Page 17, Line 8
Anti-Bullying Specialist Provides that the principal in each public school shall appoint the currently employed school guidance counselor, school psychologist or another similarly trained individual as the school anti- bullying specialist.Page 16, Line 33
The Anti-Bullying Specialist shall Chair the school safety team Lead the investigation of incidents of HIB in the school Act as the primary school official responsible for preventing, identifying and addressing incidents of HIB in the school Page 16, Line 42 - 48
School Safety Team Each district shall form a school safety team in each school to foster and maintain a positive school climate and shall meet at least two times a year.Page 17, Line 25 - 31
School Safety TeamA school safety team shall consist of the principal orhis designee who, if possible, shall be a senioradministrator in the school and the followingappointees of the principal:•A teacher in the school•A school anti-bullying specialist•A parent of a student in the school•Other members to be determined by the principalPage 17, Line 32 - 38
School Safety Team Receive complaints of HIB of students that have been reported to the principal Receive copies of any report prepared after an investigation of an incident of HIB Identify and address patterns of HIB of students in the schools Review and strengthen school climate and the policies of the school in order to prevent and address HIB if students Page 17, Line 39 - 48
School Safety Team Educate the community, including students, teachers, administrative staff and parents to prevent and address harassment, intimidation or bullying of students. Shall be provided professional development opportunities that address effective practices of successful school climate programs or approaches Participate in the training required pursuant to the provisions the principal or the district anti-bullying coordinator may request Page 18, Line 1 –6
Schools Requires school districts to establish bullying prevention programs or approaches which shall be designed to create school-wide conditions to prevent and address HIB. Page 14, Line 44 – Page 15, Line 2 Designates the week beginning with the first Monday in October of each year as a “Week of Respect” and requires the school district observe the week by providing age- appropriate instruction focusing on preventing HIB Page 20, Line 45
Training 2012-2013 All candidates for school administrator or teacher certification will be required to complete a program on harassment, intimidation or bullying. Page 18, Line 23 & 42 School board members within one year of being newly elected or appointed or being re-elected or reappointed shall receive training on HIB. Page 6, Line 40 - 45
TrainingThe training course for Safe Schools ResourceOfficers and public school employees assignedby the board of education to serve as a schoolliaison to law enforcement shall include trainingin the protection of students from HIB,including incidents which occur throughelectronic communication. Page 15, Line 40 - 42
Suicide Prevention Training on Harassment, Intimidation and Bullying (HIB) be a part of the training required for public school staff members in suicide prevention. The instruction in suicide prevention shall include information on the relationship between the risk of suicide and incidents of HIB and information on reducing the risk of suicide in students who are members of communities identified as having members at high risk of suicide. Page 5, Line 6 - 11
Employment Adds a conviction of “bias intimidation” tothe list of crimes for which a person may bedisqualified for employment in a school.Page 4, Line 9
School Report Card Includes data identifying the number and nature of all reports of HIB The report will be used to grade e schools and districts be in their efforts to implement policies and programs consistent with the “Anti- Bullying Bill of Rights Act” Page 7, Line 22 - 40
EFFECTS OF BULLYING ON VICTIMS Academic – Truancy, tardiness, low grades Health Problems – Loss of appetite, stomach aches, headaches, loss of sleep Psychological Issues – Emotional distress, low self esteem, depression, anxiety, loneliness, suicidal or homicidal ideations (extreme)
BULLYING IS ILLEGAL AND CRIMINAL! Taking lunch $$ or other property =THEFT – EXTORTION Physical Abuse = ASSUALT Verbal Abuse = HARRASSMENT
NJ LAW Synopsis: 2002 New Jersey Laws, AB 1874, Requires each school district to adopt a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying on school property, at a school-sponsored function or on a school bus. The policy must include a definition of bullying behavior, consequences for engaging in such behavior, a procedure for investigation of reports of such behavior, a statement prohibiting retaliation or reprisal against persons reporting bullying behavior and consequences for making a false accusation. Requires school employees, students or volunteers to report any incidents of bullying, intimidation and harassment to appropriate school officials. Grants immunity from any cause of action for damages arising from a failure to remedy the reported incident to persons reporting these incidents.
Here’s the Real Deal… 160,000 students miss school every day due tofear of attack or intimidation by a bully. (Fried &Fried, 1996) Seven percent of 8th graders stay home at leastonce a month because of bullies. (Banks, 2000) Ten percent of students who drop out of schooldo so because of repeated bullying. (Weinhold &Weinhold, 1998)About 10 – 15 % of children say they are regularlybullied. (Banks, 2000)
Bullies identified by age eight are six times more likely to be convicted of a crime by age 24 and five times more likely than non-bullies to end up with serious criminal records by the age of 30. (Maine Project Against Bullying, 2000) Sixty percent of students characterized as bullies in grades 6-9 had at least one criminal conviction by age 24 (Banks, 2000)
FIRST - Recognize the Warning Signs!!!A victim of bullying may have...☹ Frequent crying jags☹ Recurrent complaints of physical symptoms such as stomachaches or headaches with no apparent cause☹ Unexplained bruises☹ Increased passivity or withdrawal
☹ Sudden drop in grades, or other learning problems☹ Not wanting to go to school☹ Significant changes in social life no one is calling or extending invitations☹ Sudden change in the way your student/child talks — calling herself a loser, or a former friend a jerk
STRATEGIES WITH BULLIES Non negotiable/Set amount of time Correct the Bully’s thinking errors Give brief, clear description of unacceptable behaviors and consequences (consistency is key) Build empathy for the victim Remember – it is not the child that is unlikable, only their behavior!
STRATEGIES WITH VICTIMS Use supportive style Reduce self-blame through identification of bully behavior Demonstrate compassion and empathy Connect victim to helpful peers (build a support network) Mobilize the bystanders to become the caring majority in the classroom.
NEVER BRING BULLY AND VICTIM TOGETHER! This only gives the bully more ammunition and validates the bully’s behavior This type of behavior should be handled by the adults– this is not a “kids” problem
ESTABLISH A BULLYPREVENTION ADVISORYGROUP Include administration, teachers, aides, support staff, parents, DARE officer or SRO
DETERMINE THE SCOPE OF THEPROBLEM (SURVEY) Informally with K-3rd - What is teasing vs. bullying? activity Formally with 4th grade and up
USE CLASSROOM LESSONS Crucial starting point so that all students have the same information and know what is expected of them. Must be built into the curriculum and repeated throughout the year.
INVOLVE PARENTS...o Conduct meetings with and disseminate information to parents at the school to make them aware of the schools anti-bullying plan of action.o All parents and children should sign off on the policy at the beginning so there are no questions later on.
INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL INTERVENTIONSHAVE A SERIOUS TALK WITH THE BULLY - this should happen immediately!! DOCUMENT INVOLVEMENT and participation in bullying. Send a clear, strong message that BULLYING IS NOT ACCEPTABLE. Advise the bully that future BEHAVIOR WILL BE CLOSELY MONITORED
Expect that the bully will try to minimize and deny their actions and responsibility. REFER TO SCHOOL AND CLASS CODES OF CONDUCT in telling the bully why their behavior was unacceptable. Warn the bully that additional NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES WILL BE ADMINISTERED if bullying behavior does not stop. Follow through is critical
HAVE A SERIOUS TALK WITH THE VICTIM - Talks with the victim and their parents should occur AS SOON AS POSSIBLE after a bullying incident and should happen SEPARATELY FROM THE BULLY. DOCUMENT specific bullying episodes. Include how the bullying started, what happened, how it ended, who participated, and who witnessed it. PROVIDE THE VICTIM WITH INFORMATION about the teachers plan of action in dealing with the bully. Reassure them that all possible steps will be taken to prevent a recurrence. Attempt to PERSUADE THE VICTIM TO IMMEDIATELY REPORT ANY NEW BULLYING EPISODES to the teacher.
FOLLOW UP IN COMMUNICATING with parents and with other teachers and administrators about the situation, until it is clearly resolved. Send copies of all reports to parents of the students involved and place them in the students files. CHANGE OF CLASS OR SCHOOL. If anti-bullying measures are in place and the problem persists despite these measures, moving the aggressive student can bring about change. If possible, the aggressive student should be moved before considering moving the victim. This solution should not be taken lightly, and all concerned parents and teachers should plan and consult with each other.
And Most Importantly… Teachers, parents and childcare providers should be aware of their own behavior all of the time. Remember, adults serve as "models" for students who respect them and may wish to emulate them. Likewise, students will not respect the teacher or classroom rules against bullying if the teacher is sarcastic, unfair, or abusive.
For More Information on:Children’s Assemblies:Bullying, Fitness, Stranger SafetyProfessional Development:Behavior Management, Health and Wellness, Physical Educators Contact Information for Ron Shuali Ron@shualife.com www.shualife.com 732.777.1326