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Dominican republic slide show

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  • 1. A CLOSE UP: DOMINICANS IN NYC Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 2. By: Sara, Matt, Fernando, Susie, Haemin Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 3. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 4. KEY DEMOGRAPHICS: - Rank # 1 in Top 20 Source Countries of Foreign Born (2000) - 369, 186 (Legal Count) - 12.9% of New York’s Foreign Born - 50% of Dominicans in U.S. settled in NYC - Largest source group for Latin America Comparable Foreign Born Populations: China (261,551) Jamaica (178,922) Guyana (130,647) Mexico (122, 550) Source: Lobo, Arun Peter, and Joseph J. Salvo. “Population Growth and Country of Origin of Immigrants.” Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 5. Foreign Born Populations Compared to the Dominican Foreign Born Population In NYC, 2000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 DR CHINA JAMAICA GUYANA MEXICO Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 6. DOMINICAN IMMIGRATION BYE-BYE Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 7. How Dominicans Come to the United States - 60% Visa approval rate - Plane - Overstay their visitor’s Visa - Fraudulent papers - Pass Puerto Rican Natives - Family Sponsorship source: “Truly a Global City” (Binder, Frederick and Reimers) Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 8. MAIN REASONS FOR DOMINICAN IMMIGRATION TO US: Political unrest Family reunification Economic unrest Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 9. Timeline of Reasons for Dominican Emigration - 1950’s &60’s - Political unrest - Middle class flees - 1980’s &90’s - Economic unrest - skilled and unskilled workers come - 2000 to Present: Mostly Family reunification Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 10. History of Dominican Immigration: - 1870: U.S. develops liking for DR (wants to Annex) - Two countries develop a financial interdependency - As a result: Opens doors for U.S. to interfere with Dominican Politics - Keeps dictators in power -Changes in 1960’s with assassination of Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo - immigration begins Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 11. History Continued: - Political Unrest: U.S. develops new Visa program - Large Influx: - 1950’s (990 registered) - 1960’s (9330 registered) - Migration continues to increase during the 70’s -1980‘s + 1990‘s - turmoil hits DR economy - Salary differential by 1991 = 13x higher in NY - Result: Immigration quadruples Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 12. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES: - Expanding Dominicans population outside NYC has reduced numbers - 1980 to 1990: Dominicans in NYC - 73.4% to 65.1% - 1990 to 2000: fell to 53.2% 73.4 65.1 1980-1990 1990-2000 65.1 53.2 0 38 75 113 150 (Source: Batiz, Rivera. “Dominicans in the United States.” Columbia University. (2000).) Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 13. DOMINICAN SETTLEMENT IN NYC IN 2000 Residential Settlement of Persons Born in the Dominican Republic by ZIP Code New York City, 2000 Born in the Dominican Republic=369,186 PERSONS 10,000 or more 5,000 to 9,999 3,000 to 4,999 1,000 to 2,999 Under 1,000 Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Population Division–New York City Department of City Planning 18 Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 14. Foreign Born Dominican Areas of Settlement in NYC as of 2000 16% 1% 16% 34% 34% MANHATTAN BRONX QUEENS BROOKLYN STATEN ISLAND Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 15. Top Dominican Foreign Born areas of Residence by Borough Manhattan: (UPPER) - Washington Heights - Hamilton Heights - Inwood Queens: - Corona Brooklyn: - Sunset Park - Williamsburg - Bushwick Washington Heights Bronx: - University Heights - Highbridge -Morris Heights Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 16. Age and Gender Composition of Dominican Immigrants, NYC -2000 ,'''& +'''& Measured per 1000 *'''& Dominicans )'''& ('''& !"#$%"&& '& 5$%"& !"#$%"&& 1& +& 0&( +& &) +& &* +& /" &23 &+ +& &23 &, &23 0& -. (1 &4 &23 ), /" &23 *, +, 3% ,, /& &$. 4, Source: US Census Bureau Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 17. GENDER RATIOS FOR DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS IN NYC- 2000 - 81.7% of population between 18 and 64 - Sex Ratio: 80 Males per 100 females Comparison to Native New Yorkers: - Sex Ratio: 89 Males per 100 females - Male vs. Female - 42.7% to 52.3% - Largest age group - 25 to 44 - 26% Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Source: US Census Bureau Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 18. EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 19. EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT FOR DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS IN NYC AS OF 2000 - Lowest attainment in U.S. - 43.8% graduate from high school - 10. 6% have completed college COMPARISON: Native born New Yorkers: 78.4% + 21.7% college grads - 2nd Generation Dominicans do better (Measured by college graduation rate) - 1980 - 31.7% -1990 - 42. 8% -2000 - 55.1% - Despite this: - Largest school enrollment rates of all Hispanic groups in NYC - 111,553 Dominicans in public school system Source: Batiz, Rivera. “Dominicans in the United States.” Columbia University. (2000). Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 20. LANGUAGE SPOKEN AT HOME + ENGLISH ABILITY % Not English Proficient Dominicans in NYC (2000) !"#$ '()*+$,-./$ 0-12/23(/$ %&$ Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 21. INCOME DISTRIBUTION AMONG DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS AND NATIVE BORN NEW YORKERS 2000: Native Born Dominican Average Workers Per House 1 1.1 Mean Earning for Females 16+ $45,960 $21,342 Mean Household Income $39,900 $25,300 Mean Earning for Males 16+ $60,754 $25,764 -High unemployment: 8.9% Source: “Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. (2001) Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001) + Batiz, Rivera. “Dominicans in the United States.” Columbia University. (2000). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 22. OCCUPATION DISTRIBUTION OF DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS IN NYC 2000 - Workers concentrated in: manufacturing and wholesale/retail - Dominant in NYC Bodegas (delis) The Dominican Labor Force: - Mostly young + unskilled - 17.3% of Dominicans in U.S. have managerial, professional and technical occupations in comparison to 45.4% of the Native Population - As a result: earnings are substantially lower source: “Truly a Global City” (Binder, Frederick and Reimers,1995) Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001) + Batiz, Rivera. “Dominicans in the United States.” Columbia University. (2000). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 23. POVERTY STATUS OF DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS IN NYC - Highest immigrant poverty rate: 30.9% - Native Born rate is only 21.5% Native Born 22 Dominican Foreign Born 31 High Poverty rate strongly correlated to Female Headed Households - In 2000 - 50% of female headed households were living in poverty Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001) + Batiz, Rivera. “Dominicans in the United States.” Columbia University. (2000). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 24. RACIAL DIVERSITY OF DOMINICANS IMMIGRANTS IN NYC 2000 1990 Census revealed: - Dominicans view themselves as either mixed race (50%) or black (25%) - Many believe white Dominicans have an economic advantage in gaining employment In comparison Native New Yorkers are: - 51% white - 26.9% black - 5% are Asian Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001). Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 25. FAMILY STRUCTURE - Average household size = 4 - Native New Yorker: 3.33 - Female is often head of home Source: Foner, Nancy. “New immigrants in New York.” (2001)+ U.S. Census Bureau Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 26. HOMEOWNERSHIP OF NATIVE NEW YORKERS AND DOMINICAN IMMIGRANTS IN NYC COMPARED: 2000 - 8.5% of Dominican Households are owned - 31.6% of Native New Yorkers own homes - 38% of homes are overcrowded - Renter-occupied housing units - 181, 345 - Majority RENT!!! Source: US Census Bureau +“Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 27. Native New Yorkers Dominicans Owner Occupied 28.3 8.5 Overcrowding 25.4 38 0 18 35 53 70 Source: US Census Bureau +“Newest New Yorkers 2000” NYC Population Division. Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 28. CITIZENSHIP STATUS OF DOMINICANS IN NYC Citizenship 70 63.6 53 35 36.4 18 0 Citizen Not U.S. Citizen Source: US Census Bureau Thursday, April 29, 2010
  • 29. ROLE OF STATISTICS: Statistics reveal: Basic demographic characteristics: 1. where the immigrants have predominantly settled 2. Population size 3. Educational attainment Statistics cannot reveal: - hardship in obtaining a job + the work environment - discrimination. - Ease of integration Another large problem: - Dominicans classified themselves as either black or white ethnicity while the rest classified themselves as Dominican. Thursday, April 29, 2010