1. Deciduous:falling off or shedding at a particular seasonor stage of growth
2. People come from all over tosee the forests’ turning colors
3. North America: Atlantic East Asia: 30 - 60N.Coast 95W Europe: Atlantic Coast to 60W From Central Japan to30 – 45N 125E in the NW and 115E in SW
4. Ocean currents andwind are the mostimpactful abiotic factors
5. They affect rainfall (About 30 -60 inches a year)
6. And temperature (An average of about 50 degreesFahrenheit)
7. Plants have adapted to this climate with broad leaves tocollect sunlight, thick bark for harsh weather, layers, andleaves that fall off as weather drops.
8. Oaks Elms Mosses Ferns
9. Animals have adapted to the environment byhibernating, storing food, growing winter coats, ormigrating during the cold season
10. Many species cooperate with one another. Beespollinating flowers in the spring or rodents whoburied seeds in the ground as food for winter butforgot about them will grow into trees
11. Some animals, such as the bear and wolf have to compete forfood. If humans introduce an invasive species, native specieswill also have to compete with the invasive one for food.
12. Timber Wolf
13. The timber wolf is one of the largest members of thedog family. Most wolves have gray fur, but may alsobe mixed with black, brown, and even white fur. Adultmales vary from 75 - 120 pounds and grow to be 5 to6 ½ feet long. They are about 2½ feet tall at theshoulder. Timber wolves have sharp senses ofhearing, smelling and sight. They can smell and see adeer from more than a mile away.
14. Mate from January through March and gestate forabout 9 weeks.Timber wolves give birth to 4-10 pups at a time. Thepups weigh about 1 pound each and are born blind. Inthe wild, timber wolves can live from7-10 years.
15. Timber wolves are a very adaptable species, and therefore they can live in a range of habitatssuch as mountains, tundra, deciduous forests, and grasslands.Today wolves are found in wilderness areas in Canada and Alaska and the eastern part of Europe(all the way to Siberia). They are also found in the northern United States, along the Arcticshores, and in parts of Asia and China. In smaller numbers, they may be found in the remoteareas of Greece, Spain, Portugal, Italy, India, and the Middle East. A few may also be found inScandinavia.In the United States, the population of timber wolves is increasing thanks to the fact that theybecame protected under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. There are no more than 5000timber wolves in the lower 48 states.
16. The decreasing numbers of wolves are the result ofencroachments on their territory by humans, who haveregarded wolves as competitors for prey and as dangerousto livestock, pets, and people. However, very few wolvesattack humans. There might be "some" isolatedincidents, but which is usually the case in those, the wolfwas only trying to protect itself from the invasion from thehuman.
17. Humans take advantage of the nutrientrich soil of the forests for agriculture
18. Most of Asia has already depleted its deciduous foresthabitat. This almost happened in the 1800’s in the U.S.
19. Without this biome, much of the Earth’s oxygen supply will be lost, landwill erode, and we will lose the lands nutrient rich soil