Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Successful Youth Mentoring Practices
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Successful Youth Mentoring Practices


Published on

This Webinar presentation was held on Tuesday, September 28, 2010, as part of the free monthly Webinar series from Friends for Youth's Mentoring Institute. …

This Webinar presentation was held on Tuesday, September 28, 2010, as part of the free monthly Webinar series from Friends for Youth's Mentoring Institute.

Youth mentoring is on the rise - again. More agencies are beginning mentoring programs as a component within other youth services and many existing programs are looking to refine their process. There are many excellent models and guidelines to help, including the Elements of Effective Practice from MENTOR and Foundations of Successful Mentoring from the National Mentoring Center.

Successful Youth Mentoring Practices: Considerations and Guidelines will review important youth mentoring programming basics, including California’s 10 Quality Assurance Standards, research and theoretical frameworks, and practical implementation ideas.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Successful Youth Mentoring Practices: Guidelines and Considerations
    Transforming lives through
    the power of mentoring
    Friends for Youth’s
    Mentoring Institute
    September 2010 Webinar
  • 2. Policy Brief: Strengthening Mentoring Opportunities for At-Risk Youth
  • 3. Handbook of Youth Mentoring
    David DuBois, Ph.D.
    Michael Karcher, Ed.D., Ph.D.
    2nd edition 2011
  • 4. Spring 2002
    Summer 2010
  • 5. Webinar Opportunity: PEAR The Program in Education, Afterschool, and Resiliency
    Upcoming Action Dialogues•
    Thursday, October 7, 2010
    Promising Practices in Youth Mentoring: Implications of Emerging Frameworks
    12:30- 2pm EST
    Panelists: Michael J. Karcher, Michael Nakkula
    Moderator: Dale Blyth
    Registration link:
  • 6. Who Mentored You?
  • 7. History and Models of Mentoring
  • 8. What is a mentor?
    “Mentoring” describes a relationship
    between an older, more experienced adult
    and an unrelated, younger protégé or mentee, characterized by on-going guidance, instruction,
    and encouragement provided by the adult
    and aimed at developing the competence
    and character of the mentee.
    Rhodes, 2002
  • 9. Brief History of Mentoring
    Mentor from The Odyssey
    Traditional apprenticeship programs
    BBBS movement - 1904
    Friends for Youth, Inc. - 1979
    Corporate mentoring model - 1980s
    MENTOR/National Mentoring Partnership - 1990
    EMT/Center for Applied Research Solutions - 1990
    School-based mentoring model - 1990s
    First Elements of Effective Practice - 1991
    National Mentoring Center/NWREL - 1995
    First major research on mentoring – 1995
    America’s Promise - 1997
  • 10. Brief History of Mentoring
    Friends for Youth’s Mentoring Institute - 1998
    California Mentoring Initiative’s Best Practices - 1999
    First White House event for mentoring - 1999
    First National Mentoring Month - 2002
    Major federal-level funding available - 2003
    SafetyNET pilot program - 2004
    Association of Mentoring Professionals - 2007
    First Summer Institute on Youth Mentoring – 2007
    White House Mentoring Program Press Conference - 2010
    Major federal-level funding continues - 2011
    Friends for Youth’s 12th Annual Conference - 2011
  • 11. Mentoring Program Models
    Peer-to-peer or Cross-age
    EMT, 2002; MENTOR/National Mentoring Partnership, 2005
  • 12. At the of
    positive mentoring effects
    is the
    development of a strong relationship
    between mentor and youth.
    Grossman and Johnson, 1999
  • 13. The relationshipis
    the intervention.
    Johnston, 2005
  • 14. Mentoring as aDevelopmental Intervention
    Mentoring addresses developmental task of attachment
    Mentors must be appropriate supplemental attachment figures
    Assessment is essential
    Mentoring is resource-intensive
    Mentors must receive adequate supports
    Johnston, 2005
  • 15. Mentoring within Relational Framework: Authenticity
    “So I was like… not telling her anything. … I was telling her some stuff, yeah. But then we started seeing each other, so I’d tell her more stuff, like about me, and what I do and stuff like that.”
    Shadow, a mentee
    “He had to be real with me, you know. I can’t get close to nobody without them being real with me, you know… And without you being real with me, you can’t be close with me. … He brought it to me real, so I was like, okay.”
    Demetrious, a mentee
    Spencer, 2006
  • 16. Mentoring within Relational Framework: Empathy
    “Um…she is…a bright light. She really is, I mean, she’s just…she’s got a good heart. She knows right and wrong. Although she doesn’t always follow through. But I mean, heck, who didn’t do that when they were a teenager, you know? …I think that she definitely does like to push the envelope, test the limits, …which I think goes along with being a teenager…but as far as like…like her… her core… like I think everybody has a core, you know?”
    Sophie, a mentor
    Spencer, 2006
  • 17. Mentoring within Relational Framework: Collaboration
    “He supports me in like, he asks me… what I’ve been doing in like, science since I like science a lot. And what I’ve been doing in math and it supports me… to do more work in science and math and other subjects.”
    JaShawn, a mentee
    “I’d talk to him on Monday and he’d say oh, I can’t wait for Saturday. He just really hated school.”
    Wolfgang, a mentor
    Spencer, 2006
  • 18. Mentoring within Relational Framework: Companionship
    “He’s my best, best, best friend.”
    Maurice, a mentee
    “Until I have to go buy him adult diapers for an old folks home.”
    Shaggy, a mentee
    “I just really like him and I enjoy spending time with him… and now five hours goes by like nothing… it’s become very easy.”
    Frank, a mentor
    “The best part is being together and being with Frank.”
    T.K. Williams, Frank’s mentee
    Spencer, 2006
  • 19. Mentoring supportsResiliency Research
    “Research finds that resilient youth - those who successfully transition from risk-filled backgrounds to the adult world of work and good citizenship - are consistently distinguished by the presence of a caring adult in their lives.”
    Cavell, DuBois, Karcher, Keller, Rhodes 2009
  • 20. Resilience
    • Capacity to spring back and rebound
    • 21. Ability to successfully adapt in face of adversity
    • 22. Possibility of developing social competence despite exposure to severe stress
    Colby Rivkin & Hoopman
  • 23. Kauai Longitudinal Study
    Werner & Smith studied cohort (210) of children from Kauai, Hawaii
    Risk factors: poverty; perinatal health factors; low-educated mothers; familial alcoholism, violence, instability, discord, mental illness
    Follow up surveys at 1, 2, 10, 18, 32, 40
    Two-thirds exhibited destructive behaviors in later teen years - chronic unemployment, substance abuse, and out-of-wedlock births
    One-third did not exhibit destructive behaviors – “resilient”
    Resilient children and families had traits different from non-resilient children and families
  • 24. Protective Factors
    CARING AND SUPPORT: Described someone to whom they felt important, whom they felt knew them and believed in them
    HIGH EXPECTATIONS: Had responsibilities, including “required acts of helpfulness”
    YOUTH PARTICIPATION: Possess belief that odds can be overcome and have some control over own future
    Benard, 1991; Werner 1990
  • 25. I see what is right with you,
    no matter what you have done in the past,
    no matter what problems you currently face.
    Your strengths are more powerful than your “risks.”
    And whatever risks, problems, or adversity
    you are facing are steps on the road to bouncing back - they are not the end of the road!
    Henderson, 1997
    Resiliency Attitude
  • 26. Mentoring Impacts
    Young persons who lack a strong relationship with a caring adult while growing up are much more vulnerable to a host of difficulties, ranging from academic failure to involvement in serious risk behaviors.
    Cavell, DuBois, Karcher, Keller, & Rhodes 2009
    February 2009 National Policy Brief
  • 27. Mentoring Impacts
    “Youth who participate in mentoring relationships experience positive benefits:
    • Better school attendance and attitude
    • 28. Better chance of higher education
    • 29. Help in preventing substance abuse
    • 30. Reduce negative risk behaviors
    • 31. More positive social attitudes and relationships
    • 32. Trust and communicate more with parents
    • 33. Experience more emotional support from friends
    Child Trends Research Brief, 2005
  • 34. Mentoring Impacts
    “Successful mentoring…has been shown to have a positive effect on some forms of delinquent behavior, including skipping school and skipping class, initiating alcohol and drug use, and getting in physical fights.
    Bauldry, 2006
  • 35. Mentoring Impacts
    . . . growing number of studies which find significant associations between youth’s involvement in mentoring relationships and positive developmental outcomes, including reduced delinquency and gang involvement and improved academic performance and attendance.
    Rhodes and DuBois2008
  • 36. Safe & Effective Mentoring
  • 37. Effective Programming
    “Research does NOT indicate that
    ANY mentoring relationship or program produces benefits.”
    Sipe, 1998
    “Good intentions and a ready corps of volunteers are not enough to deliver an effective youth mentoring program -
    a solid infrastructure is essential.”
    Cavell, DuBois, Karcher, Keller, Rhodes 2009
  • 38. Effective Programming
    Engaging in Social Activities
    Engaging in Academic/Learning Activities
    Time Commitment and Relationship Duration & Closure
    Youth Involvement in Decision Making
    Matching Practices
    Pre-match Training
    Post-match Training, Monitoring, and Support
    Age of Mentee
    Mentor Screening
    Sipe and Roder, 1999
  • 39. Ineffective Programming
    “Mentor practices that lead
    to a disappointing relationship
    can have an adverse effect,
    eroding a youth’s self-esteem
    and trust in adults.”
    Grossman and Rhodes, 1999
  • 40. Ineffective Programming
    Grossman and Rhodes, 2001
  • 41. Recommended Best Practices
    Mission Statement and Long Range Plan
    Recruitment Plan for Mentors and Mentees
    Customized Orientations for Mentors and Mentees
    Eligibility Screening/Application Process for Mentors and Mentees
    Training Curriculum for Mentors and Mentees
    Matching Strategy
    Monitoring Process
    Support, Recognition, and Retention Component
    Relationship Closure Steps
    Evaluation Process
    California Governor’s Mentoring Partnership, 2002
  • 42. Evidence-Based Best Practices
    Target children and youth most likely to benefit
    Use rigorous screening and training processes for mentors
    Clearly state program goals and expectations to all
    Develop activities to facilitate mentor-youth relationship
    Provide consistent ongoing support for mentors to strengthen relationships and minimize early termination
    Support and involve parents
    Use systematic monitoring and evaluation in order to improve quality of services
    Cavell, DuBois, Karcher, Keller, Rhodes 2009
  • 43. Promising Practices
    Youth Participation in Program Voluntary
    Involve Youth in Planning and Mentoring Process
    Mentor Selection for Safety
    Mentor Selection for Quality
    Community of Caring Approach
    Asset Building
    Friends for Youth, 2010
  • 44. Foundations of Successful Youth Mentoring
  • 45. Elements of Effective Practice, 3rd Edition
  • 46. Our vision: Transforming lives through the power of mentoring relationships
    Our mission: Creating quality mentoring relationships for youth who need them most
  • 47. Achievements in Field
    31 years of direct service + 12 years of support service
    Winner 2008 NMM ReelPeople Project - Jennifer & Iliana
    California Governor’s Mentoring Partnership’s Recommended Best Practices contributor
    Becky Cooper named Mentoring Expert in California
    Mentoring Consultants for CARS, MENTOR, NMC, MANY
    10 years of annual mentoring conferences
    MENTOR’sNational Working Group on Accreditation
    Summer Institute of Youth Mentoring at Portland State University
  • 48. Programs
    Mentoring Services creates and sustains community-based, long-term one-to-one relationships
    since 1979
    Mentoring Institute disseminates information to the mentoring community on safe and effective practices
    since 1998
  • 49. Mentoring Services
    • 8 - 17 years old
    • 50. San Mateo & Santa Clara Counties
    • 51. Referred by youth professionals
    • 52. Identified as needing positive, supportive adult & at risk of not reaching full potential because of challenges in community, family, or school environment
    • 53. Parent support & voluntary participation
    Junior Friends
  • 54. Mentoring Services
    Senior Friends
    • 22+ years old
    • 55. Live/work in or near San Mateo/Santa Clara Counties
    • 56. Desire to make difference in life of young person
    • 57. Able to make 3 hours per week commitment for 1 year
    • 58. Successfully completes application process
  • Mentoring Services
    • 1:1 or 2:1 matches (couples)
    • 59. Average 3 hours/week for 1 year
    • 60. Meet on own time in community with variety of activities
    • 61. Program Coordinators monitor Friendship (20-25 matches max)
    • 62. 3-month & 12-month Reviews, incl. parents
    • 63. 4 group activities
    • 64. Recreational
    • 65. Learning/Academic
    • 66. Community Service
    • 67. Life Skill Workshop
    • 68. 1 Senior Friend Group
  • Friends for Youth’s Impact
    Nearly 1,800 matches
    88% overall success rate of mentors and mentees reaching one year together
    Program Coordinator contacts
    1x/week for first 3 months + 2x/weeks for remainder (Senior Friends)
    1x/month (Junior Friends + parents/caregivers)
    Junior Friend Evaluation outcomes
    Developed by Cindy Sipe, Ph.D.
    Evaluation by William Lapp, Ph.D.
    Nearly 10 years of data on matches
  • 69. 5 Outcome Areas
    Increase in involvement in school (attendance, truancy, attitude, grades, suspensions)
    Reduce risk behaviors (drug/alcohol use, police involvement, probation)
    Increase positive behaviors (community service, new activities)
    Increase opportunities to influence future potential (office visits, talking about college & career with adult)
    Improve self-concept (trusting relationships, self-assuredness, self-reliance, handle unexpected problems)
  • 70. Friends for Youth’s Impact
    After 12-month period, youth made significant changes
    Improved school attendance: 81% reported not skipping school at all & 75% reported avoiding suspensions
    Improved attitude toward school: 100% showed positive change in at least 1 aspect & 69% showed positive change in 2 or more aspects
    Reduction in risk behaviors: reduced self-reported incidents of police involvement (13% vs. 28%), stealing (4% vs. 23%), hurting others (12% vs. 32%); alcohol & drug use decreased in time & showed delay in starting use
    Increase in positive behaviors: 87% participated in community service project vs. 35% at start; significant increase in new activities
    Improved self esteem: 95% reported increase in at least 1 aspect of self-esteem & 63%reported increase in all 3 aspects
    Increase in number of trusting relationships with family, peers, & other adults: nearly 90% reported positive overall change
    Lapp 2009 (2007-2009 results)
  • 71. Resources for Organizations
  • 72. Mentoring Institute Products
  • 73. Mentoring Institute Products
    "One of the most comprehensive and scholarly publications that addresses the need to insure maximum protection for individuals involved in mentoring programs. The document will serve well to guide professionals in the field of mentoring.”
    Susan Weinberger, Dr. Mentor
    Cited as an initiative to promote program quality in the field in 2009 Policy Brief Cavell, DuBois, Karcher, Keller, Rhodes 2009
  • 74. Mentoring Institute Products
    “Friends for Youth’s Mentoring Journal is the most sophisticated and creative tool I’ve seen for structuring and documenting the life of a match. When fully utilized by mentors, the Mentoring Journal appears to provide a flexible, fun, and engaging mentoring activity, especially for older teens with whom it can be quite difficult to establish a connection. With sufficient training, support, and encouragement from program staff in its use, the Mentoring Journal may prove to be a valuable resource for community- and school-based matches alike.”
    Michael Karcher, Ed.D., Ph.D.
  • 75. Mentoring Institute Training
    Mentoring 101:
    Core Principles & Practices
    Going Beyond the Background Check: Incorporating SAFE Practices
    Mentor and Mentee Training
    Specialty Trainings
  • 76. Mentoring Institute Conference
    12th Annual Mentoring Conference
    Share What You Know: Collaboration and Networking in Youth Mentoring
    January 27-28, 2011
    Oracle Conference Center
  • 77. Mentoring Institute Coalitions
    Coalition of
    San Mateo
  • 78. Mentoring Institute Networking
  • 79. Summary
  • 80. “Positive relationships
    are seen as the primary way
    that mentoring
    leads to improved outcomes
    for youth who are mentored.”
    Nation, Keener, Wandersman, & DuBois, 2005
  • 81. My Mentor by Karla Sagastume, mentee matched in 2000
    The day you walked into my house
    I had a great feeling that my life would stop falling apart.
    I could not wait for our friendship to start.
    The memories began to roll and soon our hard shells began to break away.
    We were not afraid to speak our minds or tell what was in our hearts.
    My mentor, my friend, the one I can confide in.
    She’ll help me if I’m in a jam and need a helping hand.
    She’s the award of the year, the first prize, the one of gold.
    The priceless gift of friendship that she gives.
    My mentor has changed my life.
    From now until 4ever.
    My mentor is my 4ever friend.
    And 4ever has no end.
    Robin & Karla (2000)
  • 82. Questions?
  • 83. Safe & Effective Mentoring
    IS an effective intervention
    • Increasing interest in learning
    • 84. Prevention of or delaying use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs
    • 85. Decreasing other negative risk behaviors
    • 86. Increasing positive behaviors and experiences
    • 87. Bringing hope for the future
    • 88. Increasing social/emotional skills
  • Safe & Effective Mentoring
    IS NOT easy or cheap
    • Strong infrastructure
    • 89. Professional and trained staff
    • 90. Screening and monitoring
    • 91. Support and activities for mentors and mentees
    • 92. Sustainable funding
  • Thank you!
    Slides posted to SlideShare:
  • 93.
    Check out our Blog
    • Products and resources for mentoring programs
    • 94. Trainings for program staff, mentors, and mentees
    • 95. Individual consultations