M A L A R I A Y E A R9


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M A L A R I A Y E A R9

  1. 2. Focus on……… <ul><li>http://www.rednoseday.com/change_lives/issue_spotlights/malaria </li></ul>Malaria
  2. 3. Why does it matter? <ul><li>Malaria kills a child in Africa every 30 seconds. That’s over one million lives lost every single year. </li></ul>
  3. 4. What causes Malaria? <ul><li>Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines. </li></ul><ul><li>Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; use of insecticidal nets by people at risk; and indoor residual spraying with insecticide to control the vector mosquitoes. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Causes of… <ul><li>Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells. </li></ul><ul><li>DISTRIBUTION OF DISEASE- </li></ul><ul><li>At low altitudes </li></ul><ul><li>During hot seasons </li></ul><ul><li>In places where the Anopheles mosquito is able to breed in fresh water </li></ul><ul><li>Where the environment provides – water, vegetation, temperature </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Malaria is especially a serious problem in Africa, where one in every five (20%) childhood deaths is due to the effects of the disease. </li></ul><ul><li>An African child has on average between 1.6 and 5.4 episodes of malaria fever each year. And every 30 seconds a child dies from malaria. </li></ul>
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  7. 8. <ul><li>Malaria hits poor people the hardest because it makes people so sick that they can’t work. This means they are likely to face even more poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Using insecticide treated bed nets can reduce episodes of malaria in children by half and deaths from malaria in children by one fifth </li></ul>
  8. 9. What can we do to help? <ul><li>Incredibly, malaria is actually a disease that’s cheap and easy to prevent which means you really can help to save lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Your cash can help to deliver a package of intervention, including bed nets, which will work to protect thousands of children and families across Africa from malaria. </li></ul><ul><li>£5 could buy a malaria bed net, distribute it to someone that needs it and make sure that they are educated on the importance of using it. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Some amazing mozzie facts </li></ul><ul><li>A mosquito can fly an estimated 1 to 1.5 miles per hour </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes can dash between raindrops and even fly backwards </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquito is the Spanish name for little fly </li></ul><ul><li>Biting increases by a massive 500 times when there is a full moon </li></ul><ul><li>The wings of a mosquito beat 500 times a second </li></ul><ul><li>A mosquito can smell a crowd from 20 metres away </li></ul><ul><li>A mosquito can detect a moving target at 18 ft away </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes fly a huge 150 miles in their lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>The average mosquito weighs in at a tiny 2 to 2.5 milligrams </li></ul><ul><li>Mosquitoes’ bodies are divided into three parts and they have six jointed legs. They also have scales on their wings </li></ul>
  10. 11. Task <ul><li>What is Malaria? </li></ul><ul><li>What causes it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is it so bad? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people does it kill in Africa a year? </li></ul><ul><li>How can it be helped? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do? </li></ul>