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M A L A R I A Y E A R9
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M A L A R I A Y E A R9

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Focus on………
    • http://www.rednoseday.com/change_lives/issue_spotlights/malaria
    Malaria
  • 3. Why does it matter?
    • Malaria kills a child in Africa every 30 seconds. That’s over one million lives lost every single year.
  • 4. What causes Malaria?
    • Symptoms of malaria include fever, headache, and vomiting, and usually appear between 10 and 15 days after the mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly become life-threatening by disrupting the blood supply to vital organs. In many parts of the world, the parasites have developed resistance to a number of malaria medicines.
    • Key interventions to control malaria include: prompt and effective treatment with artemisinin-based combination therapies; use of insecticidal nets by people at risk; and indoor residual spraying with insecticide to control the vector mosquitoes.
  • 5. Causes of…
    • Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium, which is transmitted via the bites of infected mosquitoes. In the human body, the parasites multiply in the liver, and then infect red blood cells.
    • DISTRIBUTION OF DISEASE-
    • At low altitudes
    • During hot seasons
    • In places where the Anopheles mosquito is able to breed in fresh water
    • Where the environment provides – water, vegetation, temperature
  • 6.
    • Malaria is especially a serious problem in Africa, where one in every five (20%) childhood deaths is due to the effects of the disease.
    • An African child has on average between 1.6 and 5.4 episodes of malaria fever each year. And every 30 seconds a child dies from malaria.
  • 7.                                                                    
  • 8.
    • Malaria hits poor people the hardest because it makes people so sick that they can’t work. This means they are likely to face even more poverty.
    • Using insecticide treated bed nets can reduce episodes of malaria in children by half and deaths from malaria in children by one fifth
  • 9. What can we do to help?
    • Incredibly, malaria is actually a disease that’s cheap and easy to prevent which means you really can help to save lives.
    • Your cash can help to deliver a package of intervention, including bed nets, which will work to protect thousands of children and families across Africa from malaria.
    • £5 could buy a malaria bed net, distribute it to someone that needs it and make sure that they are educated on the importance of using it.
  • 10.
    • Some amazing mozzie facts
    • A mosquito can fly an estimated 1 to 1.5 miles per hour
    • Mosquitoes can dash between raindrops and even fly backwards
    • Mosquito is the Spanish name for little fly
    • Biting increases by a massive 500 times when there is a full moon
    • The wings of a mosquito beat 500 times a second
    • A mosquito can smell a crowd from 20 metres away
    • A mosquito can detect a moving target at 18 ft away
    • Mosquitoes fly a huge 150 miles in their lifetime
    • The average mosquito weighs in at a tiny 2 to 2.5 milligrams
    • Mosquitoes’ bodies are divided into three parts and they have six jointed legs. They also have scales on their wings
  • 11. Task
    • What is Malaria?
    • What causes it?
    • Why is it so bad?
    • How many people does it kill in Africa a year?
    • How can it be helped?
    • What can you do?