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Anatomical Differences• Doctors establish gender at birth• Sex is the bodily bases classiﬁcation of people into male or female
Brain Structures• Male brain contains less commissural ﬁbers between hemispheres than female brain• May explain the male’s inability to express emotions because info ﬂows less easily from the R side of the brain to the L side (verbal side)• Females have 4 times as many Corpus Callosum brain cells than males (better memory)
Male AdvantagesVisual-Spatial Abilities & Math Reasoning/Logic
MALE FEMALE greater size & strength lesser size & strengthgreater capacity for short-term greater capacity for endurance energy output TEMPERAMENT TEMPERAMENT Inclined toward submission,Inclined towards dominance, defensive aggression, competition, independence, attachment and nurturance, sensation-seeking anxiety, security-seeking
The Role of Hormones• Males have higher baseline of testosterone• Testosterone rises in response to competition and threat • High testosterone common in persons working in high- stress/high-attitude environments
Resisting Gender Rolesin Everyday Life • Women’s traditional role as mothers/housewives • Men’s role as “bread winners” • Gender-appropriate toys and behavior for young children “Gender makes us the kind of human ” beings that others understand.
How Women’s RolesHave Changed• Large improvements since 1960s• Equal pay for equal work and equal educational opportunity are now assumed• Feminism• Discrimination in the workplace• Education is key
How Men’s RolesHave Changed• Social invisibility of male gender perpetuates patriarchy• Baby Boomer fathers• Lack of fatherly role-models
GenderRelationships• family life before 20th century• single motherhood• increased female employment• same-sex partnerships
ReferencesBlum, D. (1999, July). Whats the difference between boys and girls?. Life, 22.Egendorf, L. K. (2000). Male/female roles: opposing viewpoints. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press.Holmes, M. (2009). Gender and everyday life. London: Routledge.