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The future of scholarly publishing: where do we go from here?
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The future of scholarly publishing: where do we go from here?


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Presentation from RIN hosted event on 'The future of scholarly publishing - where do we go from here?' …

Presentation from RIN hosted event on 'The future of scholarly publishing - where do we go from here?'

Part one of a series of events on the theme 'Research information in transition'.

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  • 1. The future of scholarly publishing: where do we go from here? Research Information in Transition: a meeting organised by the RIN Monday, 11 th October, 2010 Robert Kiley, Head Digital Services, Wellcome Library, Wellcome Trust (
  • 2. Agenda
    • Review how scholarly communication has changed over the last 5 years
    • Look at current landscape - OA publishing, repository development, peer review etc.
    • Consider what needs to change if we are to realise the ambition of providing open access to all funded research
  • 3. A changing landscape (1)
    • Growing number of mandates – at both funder and institutional level
    • Publishing landscape changing
      • Most publishers offer “funder compliant” OA options
      • OA publishing becoming mainstream
        • PLoS One is one the biggest journals in the world – publishing over 4400 articles in 2009
        • Raft of new OA titles - mBio , PLoS Currents , BMJ Open .
      • Starting to see a changes to the peer review process
        • EMBO – publish referees reports
        • ASM mBio – authors identify 3 ASM members to handle review + 5 other people to review it
        • BMJ Open – will use “Open Peer Review”
          • Reviewers will sign their reports and will declare competing interests to editors, and reviewers’ reports will be posted online
  • 4. A changing landscape (2)
    • More funding available to meet author-pays costs
      • At least 6 UK universities have an “institutional fund”
      • Compact for Open Access Publishing Equity
        • 11 universities have signed the Compact including Harvard, Columbia, MIT
      • RCUK
        • “ Chief Executives of the Research Councils ..will support increased open access, by: extending their support for publishing in open access journals, including through the pay-to-publish model. [April 2009]
      • Wellcome Trust
  • 5. A changing landscape (3)
    • Repository developments
      • All Russell Group Universities have established IR’s, as have most of the other UK universities
      • Central, subject-based repositories (like UKPMC) continue to develop
        • UKPMC has around 2 million full-text documents and a range of value-added functions
      • Projects, such as Repository Junction, are working to develop automated workflows to move metadata between repositories
  • 6. UKPMC functionality: text mining Results of text mining the full-text
  • 7. UKPMC functionality: citation services Cited-by and cited data + API to WoS
  • 8. UKPMC functionality: FactFinder (goes live early in 2011) Answers extracted from the full text document Questions automatically generated in response to query
  • 9. Grant Reporting tools “ My Impact Report” “ My Grant Report”
  • 10. Usage at UKPMC
  • 11. However, full potential of OA not realised.. Compliance with Wellcome OA mandate
  • 12. Improving compliance with mandate: role of Funders
    • Funders must be explicit about how researchers and institutions can access funding for OA
      • Develop guidance about inclusion of OA publications costs within indirect costs; include specific line in grant application forms to include publication costs (direct costs)
      • Or, set up dedicated budget (e.g. the Wellcome approach)
    • Monitor compliance & enforce sanctions
      • Actively monitor compliance
        • Following letter from Wellcome to VC’s significant there was a 52% increase in author depositions
        • Trust also checks End of Grant Reports for compliance
    • Communication
      • Demonstrate the benefits of OA to the researcher (as well as the research community more generally)
  • 13. Improving compliance with mandate: role of institutions & researchers
    • Improve access to OA funds
      • Institutions to ensure OA publishing costs are requested as direct and indirect costs when applying for research funds
      • Establish dedicated budgets to meet OA costs
    • Better communication
      • Arrangements for meeting OA fees to be effectively communicated
    • Support from senior staff
      • WT Sanger Institute has a compliance rate of 82%
    • Encouraging authors to self-archive
      • 2009 data shows that only 42% of Wellcome-funded papers – published in Science and Nature – were archived in UKPMC
  • 14. Improving compliance with mandate: role of publishers
    • Simplify process for authors who wish to select an OA option
      • Build OA option into manuscript submission workflow
    • Make explicit the relationship between subscription costs and uptake of OA option
      • This will give confidence that funders and institutions are not paying access fees twice (“double dipping)
    • Top tier titles ( Nature, Science) to consider developing OA publishing option
  • 15. Access to “top-tier” articles remains an issue
  • 16. Last slide..
    • OA has made significant progress over the last 5 years
    • However, the majority of research papers that will be published in 2010 will not be made OA
    • The primary actors (funders, researchers, institutions and publishers) need to continue to work together to realise the full benefits of OA