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A researcher perspective: what they want and how to pay for it
 

A researcher perspective: what they want and how to pay for it

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Presentation by RIN's Director, Michael Jubb, at the 12th Fiesole Retreat in Leuven. http://www.libereurope.eu/node/487

Presentation by RIN's Director, Michael Jubb, at the 12th Fiesole Retreat in Leuven. http://www.libereurope.eu/node/487

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  • my presentation falls, like Roman Gaul, into three parts nb. Roman Gaul actually was divided into 5 parts, Cisalpine, Narbonsensis, and Comata (the land of the long-haired Gauls), which was then itself divided into 3 parts, Aquitaine, Celtica, and Belgica And Caesar said that the Belgica were the most bellicose…….. So will talk about researchers as users, as creators and authors, and finally about economics
  • attack the moral hazard argument of Schieber, that researchers are insulated from the costs of what they want
  • First three projects now getting under way

A researcher perspective: what they want and how to pay for it A researcher perspective: what they want and how to pay for it Presentation Transcript

  • A researcher perspective: what they want and how to pay for it Michael Jubb RIN 12 th Fiesole Retreat Leuven 9 April 2010
  •  
    • Researchers as creators
    • Researchers as users
    • Costs and funding
  • 1. Researchers as creators
  • where, when and how to publish?
    • key motivations
      • register claim
      • maximise dissemination
      • peer recognition (and the rewards that flow from that)
      • tensions between effective dissemination and recognition/prestige
      • power of disciplinary cultures
        • and some important disciplinary differences
      • mixed messages from funders and institutions
  • publications by type 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 2003 2008 Biosciences &-medicine Physical sciences Engineering Social sciences Humanities Education Total Article Book Book chapter Proceedings Book review Editorial Meeting abstract Other
  • importance of scholarly journals
  • importance of conference proceedings
  • importance of monographs
  • what’s published and what’s submitted to the RAE
  • three key messages
    • differences between
      • what researchers actually produce
      • what they think is important
      • what they submit to be assessed
    • increasing dominance of journal articles across all disciplines
    • the influence of performance assessment
      • individual, departmental, institutional
      • roles of peer review and of (increasingly sophisticated) bilbiometrics
      • written policies vs perceptions of how it’s done
  • ….and an important footnote
    • increasing collaboration more co-authorship
      • implications for measures of productivity and impact
  • prospects of change?
    • publish/disseminate work in progress?
    • shifts in scholarly communication practice?
    • Web 2.0?
    28% 27% 27% 31% 19% No opinion 51% 50% 52% 49% 47% Unlikely 21% 23% 21% 20% 34% Likely Open access online publication supported by an 'author-pays' funding model will predominate 5% 14% 16% 11% 11% No opinion 13% 18% 7% 20% 18% Unlikely 82% 68% 76% 69% 72% Likely New types of online publication, using new kinds of media formats and content, will grow in importance 26% 18% 18% 9% 15% No opinion 38% 41% 38% 54% 42% Unlikely 36% 41% 45% 37% 44% Likely Formal peer review will be increasingly complemented by reader-based ratings, annotations, downloads or citations 5% 18% 11% 14% 6% No opinion 56% 52% 50% 51% 63% Unlikely 38% 30% 39% 34% 31% Likely Existing peer review processes will become increasingly unsustainable Research Fellow Lecturer Senior Lecturer Reader Professor
  • prospects for change?
    • strong(ish) sense that further change is on the way
    • relatively small groups of early adopters
    • power of disciplinary cultures
    • power of recognition/reward systems
  • 2. Researchers as users
  • what do they want to find and use?
  • e-journal usage in the UK
  • but access still causes problems….
  • usage in different disciplines…..
  • levels of usage in different universities….
  • profile of journals varies too…….
  • three key messages……..
    • we haven’t come to the end of the success story for e-journals
    • we haven’t entirely cracked the access issue
    • we don’t understand enough about reasons for variations in patterns of usage
  • 3. Costs and Funding
  • overall costs of the current system
  • UK contribution to meeting publishing and distribution costs
  • Increases in article production over 10 years: funding consequences
    • Sources of funding and other contributions
  • rising costs for libraries….
  • but research income rising too…….
  • and rising usage means that costs per download are falling……..
  • relationships between usage and research success???
  • three key messages
    • the costs of scholarly communications fall mainly on universities and on researchers
    • costs are rising in real terms
    • there are strong but elusive relationships between expenditure, usage and research outcomes
  • 4. A coda…….
  • transitions….
    • policy and financial drivers for change are strong
      • but transitions cost money
    • behavioural drivers are less strong
      • and in difficult economic circumstances, researchers will fight harder for funds to sustain their research than for funds to support the information services on which they depend…………….
    • we need to understand more about what transitions might look like
  • Understanding transitions: a portfolio of work
    • Transitions to e-only publication , to investigate the barriers – from the perspectives of libraries, publishers and users – to moving to e-only publishing, and how those barriers might be overcome;
    • Gaps in access , to investigate the extent to which journal articles and other research outputs are available, or not, to different parts of the research and other communities; and to identify priorities in seeking to fill gaps in access, barriers to filling them, and actions that might be taken to that end;
    • Dynamics of improving access to research papers , to develop a better understanding of the dynamics of transition towards some plausible end-points, and the costs and benefits (cash and non-cash), opportunities and risks involved..
    •  
    • Futures  for scholarly communications , to develop a series of challenging scenarios for scholarly communications in ten years’ time, bearing in mind current trends and underlying drivers in user cultures, needs and expectations; and likely developments in  technologies and services.
  • Thank you Michael Jubb www.rin.ac.uk