Definition Subculture: A cultural group within alarger culture, often having beliefs or interests at variance with those of the larger culture
Concept of Youth Subcultures• The significance of subcultures for their participants is that they offer a solution to structural dislocations through the establishment of an achieved identity.
Formation of Youth Subcultures• A subculture group forms when the larger culture fails to meet the needs of a particular group of people.• Subcultures try to compensate for the failure of the larger culture to provide adequate status, acceptance and identity.
Formation Theories• Journey from childhood to adulthood – Lost between youth and maturity.• Class struggle expressed through use of style – Finding identity and avoiding patterns of older generation through youth subcultures• Rebellion through use of shock tactics – To emphasise their existence in society through their clothes, types of music and general appearances.• Construction of new identity based on individualism• Alienation, loneliness, outcasted
Increase of Youth SubcultureThese will increase due to a number of factors:A. The Size of the SocietyB. Rate of Change in the SocietyC. Globalisation of the Society – The transmission of cultural objects over different parts of the world is now made by youths subcultures alone. This is better communicated through their own mouths, despite of advanced technology that is available to us, designed for this purpose.D. Position of Youth in Society – Deprived groups see youths at the centre of the dominant class. Therefore, youths do not need to rebel or form counter cultural groups.E. Generational Size in Society – The overall age structure within a society has a great impact on the youth subcultures politically, socially and economically (e.g. portion of the total labour force dropping as the youths entering the market does) .
Features of Youth SubculturesYouth Subculture Gangsta Punk Emo Appearance Baggy trousers Leather Jackets Black hair, Jewellery Skinny Jeans outfits + Plain T-Shirt Crazy Hair accessories Dark make-up Music Rap/RnB/Hip Hop Rock Heavy metal/Rock Other Drugs Disobedient, mostly Depressed Weapons male Emotional Violent Mostly Male Graffiti Slang http://www.slideshare.net/charbyrne/youth- subcultures#btnNext
Types of Subcultures•Stable Subcultures•Developing Subcultures•Counter Cultures
Variety of Youth SubculturesGangsta Skinheads Hippies ChavsGeeks Greasers Preppy Punks