we go into conversation with others with: expectations about how they will communicate. THE POINT we have requirements based on how we need them to communicate. and we have desires based on whatand how we want them to communicate.
expectations come from social norms. involves: appearance, context, attire I’m not stupid. requirementsentail biological needs. hard of hearing? you need others to speak loudly and clearly. GET IT? desires stem from personal goals of the conversation. what do you want to gain or accomplish?
= when one individual’s expectations, requirements, and desires matchthe other individual, littleadaptation is required. communication can proceed normally.
OR… if the three elements are different, one party must alter or adapt their behavior in order to effectively communicate.
humans feel the need to adapt for a number of reasons: 1) the need to fit into a mold, or to meet standards set in place by our society 2) to gain social approval from the party they are communicating with 3) to maintain a positive identity to those they are communicating with
interaction adaptation theory is useful for all communicators. everyone experiences this theory in practice, though almost always unaware of it. especially useful for those involved with: Applied/organizational communication (training to improve communication between supervisors and employees) Intercultural communication (similarities vs. differences of cultures) Interpersonal communication (communication between pairs)
there are few blatant criticisms of this theory since it basically took the good parts out of other theories and made a new one. however, not all social norms are perceived the same way from everyone, and people will have different expectations based on their life experiences. this theory cannot be subjective. *it is important to note that all communication is circumstantial.
So… expectation, requirements, desires offer to make predictionson how we will communicate with one another we need to adapt to others when the situation when it calls for it you do this unconsciously