OBJECTIVES:
1. Extemporaneous delivery style
2. Poised platform persona
3. Prepare and organize a speech
4. Effective list...
Introductory Speeches
• Two things make you a better public speaker:
– practicing
– knowing your audience

• Introduce you...
Chapter 1 Speeches
• Chapter 1 is basic stuff. You already know it.
• Chapter 1 is technical stuff. You don’t know
the rig...
Visualization (Best Case/Worst Case)
Rewards
Breathing and Stretching,
Addam's Family Clock
Tongue Tamers
Chapter 4
The Osborns’ Idea of
“Responsible Knowledge”
• The best research you can do in
the time you have to prepare.
– Cover the m...
The Scholarly Spectrum
Informal Research / Non-Scholarly Sources
Pros

Cons

•Unique perspective
•Current

•Narrow scope
•...
Plagiarism
Plagiarism is using
someone else’s
words or ideas as
your own either
intentionally or for
mere failure to
credi...
Plagiarism (cont.)

Cite
• Quotes
• Paraphrases
• Derivations
• Unique view
• Unique statement

Evidence of
trouble
• Hunt...
Internet Sources
Information from the Internet must
be appropriately cited!

If this is not possible, you
have a bad sourc...
APA Style
• Use APA Style
• I strongly advise against using
the automaters/generators
mentioned in the chapter.
• I strong...
Chapter 5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What works?
What doesn’t?
T/F: Death By PowerPoint
Define useful.
How can you make an attentiong...
You’ve got this
in the bag!
You already know
what works, and what
doesn’t.
You already know
what good (and bad)
speeches l...
Chapter
2
The moral of Chapter 2 is…
Every speech includes
• An Introduction
– Attention-Getter
– Thematic Statement
– Preview

• A body
– Present main ideas
–...
Always speak with FLAIR.
•
•
•
•
•

Format your speech in a clear, interesting way.
Liven up your content with the words y...
Writing Style

Speaking Style

• Rare vocabulary
• Complex syntax
• Audience can
pause/rewind
• Formal language
• Make a p...
Basic Speech Style/Formats
• Manuscript Style
– Written out ahead of time
– Read word for word for an audience

• Imprompt...
Extemporaneous KISSes
•
•
•
•

Key–words
Ideas
Skeletal outline
Spontaneity
– Conversational Tone
– Eye Contact
– Enthusia...
Chapter 3
Build A Speech
•
•
•
•
•

Select a topic
Analyze the audience
Develop a specific purpose
Select a structural pattern
Form[...
Pick a GREAT topic
•
•
•
•
•

Galvanizing
Relevant
Engaging
Accomplishable
Targeted
Audience Analysis:
Demographics and
Educated Stereotypes
•
•
•
•
•

Age
Gender
Nationality
Sex
Education
Audience Analysis:
Topic-Specific
•
•
•
•
•

Familiarity
Pre-conceptions
Interest
Internal Motivation
External Motivation
Specific Purpose =
Goal Statement
• A guide for the speaker
– What to include
– What to exclude

• A single idea (no “and”...
Organizational
Patterns
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Spatial
Sequential (process)
Chronological (time)
Cause-Effect/Effect-Cause
Compare...
Outline Form[at]s
• Formal (written delivery)
– Details
– Sentences
– Parallelism

• Planning (approval/draft)
– Details …...
Outline Form[at]s
(cont.)
• Keyword (oral delivery)
– No Details
– Simple Phrases/Key-words
– Parallelism … or not
<Name> - <Topic>

of an Outline

This is an odd format for
an outline. It should only
be used for my Basic Oral
Communicat...
Upcoming Calendar








Today we’re looking at the rubric I will use to
grade your speeches.
Next time we meet, we ...
Informative Speech Check-In
 Let’s

review the rubric I will use to grade
your speeches.
 There are no secrets.
 There ...
Outlines / Topics / Structure
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Introductions
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Credibility
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Conclusions
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Presentation Aids
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Persona
O High Score:
O Average Score:
O Low Score:

Pep Talk
Persuasive Topics
• Question of value (binary)
• Question of fact (opinion)
• Question of policy (behavior)
Persuasive Org. Patterns
• Problem/Cause/Solution
• Comparative Advantage
• Monroe’s Motivated
Sequence: Need, Satisfactio...
Upcoming Calendar
 Today

we’re looking at topics.
 Next time we meet, we will look at
outlines.
 The class after that ...
Persuasive Speech Check-In
 Let’s

review the rubric I will use to grade
your speeches.
 There are no secrets.
 There a...
The CASE for Invitational Speaking
• Civilize the debate
• Articulate beliefs and values
• Square the sides of the argumen...
The AURA of a Successful
Invitational Speech
• Invitational topics can be controversial.
• There will be a range of possib...
Invitational Speakers that
KICK you-know-what …
• Know their own positions
• Invite the audience to take a position
• Chat...
For your exercise …
• We need six groups
–You choose your group
–You’ll need to have a group for
the next class

• Let’s g...
Upcoming Calendar
 Today

we’re looking at topics.
 Next time we meet, we will look at topics
again.
 The class after t...
Topics
 Pick



your groups.

6 groups
Group >1 person

 Your

group's topic can be something
you've already given a s...
Topics (cont.)
 Before

the next class, each of you will
*respond to your group's entry* with at
least two APA citations ...
Upcoming Calendar
 Today

you will pick the scholarly article
you are going to invite us to discuss
about.
 In the next ...
Upcoming Calendar
 Today

we’ll review the rubric I will use to
grade your speeches.
 Then we’ll have two days for sched...
Special Event Speaking
• A speech for an event.
• A speech honoring a
person.
• A speech commemorating
an occasion.
Special Event Topics
• The world is your oyster.
• Guidelines for the final:
–Audience-appropriate
–Occasion-appropriate
–...
Ideas for the Final
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Toasting/Roasting Someone
Presenting/Accepting Award
After-Dinner Event
Offer Testimoni...
Outline: Introduction
I.

Introduction (set the tone)
A.
B.
C.

Get the audience’s attention
Overview and Preview
Give you...
Outline: Body
II. Main Point
A.
B.

Sub-Point
Sub-Point
May not need sources
Always need structure!!
Outline: Conclusion
V. Conclusion
A.
B.

Review
Satisfying Close
Persona
•
•
•
•

Eye contact to establish rapport
Inconspicuous use of notes
Scan to establish zone of interaction
Express...
Persona: Humor
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Anecdotes/Jokes
Asides
Banter/Retorts
Blunders/Recoveries
Freudian Slips
Hyperbole/Under...
Presentation Aids
• Appropriately Displayed
• Does not detract from
presentation
• Adds to presentation
• Not-so-much impo...
Final Exercise
• Give a special event speech.
• Work alone or with a group.
– Your group members’ performances will
affect...
Basic Oral Communication Lectures
Basic Oral Communication Lectures
Basic Oral Communication Lectures
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Basic Oral Communication Lectures

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Basic Oral Communication Lectures

  1. 1. OBJECTIVES: 1. Extemporaneous delivery style 2. Poised platform persona 3. Prepare and organize a speech 4. Effective listening skills 5. Critical thinking skills You are responsible for your grade in this class. I don’t give you a grade. You earn a grade. You earn your grade by earning points. Nothing in this class is mandatory because nothing in this class is based on a percentage of total points (regardless of what Moodle may indicate). Certain grades “cost” a certain amount of points. If a D- is good enough, then you don’t have to earn very many points. If you need an A or a B, then you need to earn more points. Miss class if you have other priorities; understand the inherent risks in missing class.
  2. 2. Introductory Speeches • Two things make you a better public speaker: – practicing – knowing your audience • Introduce yourself or someone else. – Everyone has to get introduced. – Everyone has to give an introduction. • Rubric is on the course management system.
  3. 3. Chapter 1 Speeches • Chapter 1 is basic stuff. You already know it. • Chapter 1 is technical stuff. You don’t know the right way to express that you know it. • Chapter 1 is important stuff. You should know it in the back of your mind as a foundation. • Chapter 1 is academic stuff. You can’t let it block the simple stuff and the practical stuff. • Rubric is on the course management system.
  4. 4. Visualization (Best Case/Worst Case) Rewards Breathing and Stretching, Addam's Family Clock Tongue Tamers
  5. 5. Chapter 4
  6. 6. The Osborns’ Idea of “Responsible Knowledge” • The best research you can do in the time you have to prepare. – Cover the main issues – Include respected experts – Evidence is recent/relevant – Addresses audience concerns – Interesting for the audience
  7. 7. The Scholarly Spectrum Informal Research / Non-Scholarly Sources Pros Cons •Unique perspective •Current •Narrow scope •Bias/Not credible Formal Research / Scholarly Sources Pros Cons •Gatekeepers/Credibility •Balanced View •Dull/Clinical •Takes forever
  8. 8. Plagiarism Plagiarism is using someone else’s words or ideas as your own either intentionally or for mere failure to credit the original source Note: it does not matter whether it is intentional Note: it does not matter whether it was a direct quote
  9. 9. Plagiarism (cont.) Cite • Quotes • Paraphrases • Derivations • Unique view • Unique statement Evidence of trouble • Hunting for synonyms • Rearranging syntax • Rearranging paragraph Don’t cite common knowledge • Not necessarily everyone knows • Everyone can find easily
  10. 10. Internet Sources Information from the Internet must be appropriately cited! If this is not possible, you have a bad source. If this would be embarrassing, you have a bad source
  11. 11. APA Style • Use APA Style • I strongly advise against using the automaters/generators mentioned in the chapter. • I strongly encourage you to instead use the Purdue OWL. • Microsoft Office bibliography tool is ok.
  12. 12. Chapter 5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What works? What doesn’t? T/F: Death By PowerPoint Define useful. How can you make an attentiongetting aid that is not distracting? 6. Give an example of an aid that’s unprofessional/inappropriate.
  13. 13. You’ve got this in the bag! You already know what works, and what doesn’t. You already know what good (and bad) speeches look like. Today, we’re going to prove it by evaluating some videos.
  14. 14. Chapter 2
  15. 15. The moral of Chapter 2 is…
  16. 16. Every speech includes • An Introduction – Attention-Getter – Thematic Statement – Preview • A body – Present main ideas – Develop main ideas • A conclusion – Recap – Last Chance – Completion
  17. 17. Always speak with FLAIR. • • • • • Format your speech in a clear, interesting way. Liven up your content with the words you use. Appropriate use of words is imperative. In context, the words should be proper. Rearrange your syntax.
  18. 18. Writing Style Speaking Style • Rare vocabulary • Complex syntax • Audience can pause/rewind • Formal language • Make a point and move on • Common words • Simple sentences • Audience only hears once • Colloquialisms • Repetition is a virtue
  19. 19. Basic Speech Style/Formats • Manuscript Style – Written out ahead of time – Read word for word for an audience • Impromptu Style – Little or no time to prepare – “Wing it” for an audience • Extemporaneous Style – Prepare an outline – Expand on the foundation for an audience
  20. 20. Extemporaneous KISSes • • • • Key–words Ideas Skeletal outline Spontaneity – Conversational Tone – Eye Contact – Enthusiasm – Variety in voice, expressions, gestures
  21. 21. Chapter 3
  22. 22. Build A Speech • • • • • Select a topic Analyze the audience Develop a specific purpose Select a structural pattern Form[at] an outline
  23. 23. Pick a GREAT topic • • • • • Galvanizing Relevant Engaging Accomplishable Targeted
  24. 24. Audience Analysis: Demographics and Educated Stereotypes • • • • • Age Gender Nationality Sex Education
  25. 25. Audience Analysis: Topic-Specific • • • • • Familiarity Pre-conceptions Interest Internal Motivation External Motivation
  26. 26. Specific Purpose = Goal Statement • A guide for the speaker – What to include – What to exclude • A single idea (no “and”) • Not a thesis statement – Not for your audience – Thesis statement might be a compound sentences
  27. 27. Organizational Patterns • • • • • • • Spatial Sequential (process) Chronological (time) Cause-Effect/Effect-Cause Compare/Contrast Problem-Solution Topical
  28. 28. Outline Form[at]s • Formal (written delivery) – Details – Sentences – Parallelism • Planning (approval/draft) – Details … or not – Sentences … or not – Parallelism … or not
  29. 29. Outline Form[at]s (cont.) • Keyword (oral delivery) – No Details – Simple Phrases/Key-words – Parallelism … or not
  30. 30. <Name> - <Topic> of an Outline This is an odd format for an outline. It should only be used for my Basic Oral Communication Class. It is neither typical nor widely accepted. You’ve been warned. I. Introduction A. <Attention Getter> B. Thesis 1. <Topic> 2. <Main point> 3. <Main point> 4. <Main point> II. <Main Point> A. <Sub-Point> 1. <Spoken Citation> e.g., According to a 2006 study conducted at Harvard ... 2. <APA Citation> e.g., (Smith, 2006) B. <Sub-Point> 1. <Spoken Citation> 2. <APA Citation> V. <Transition to Conclusion> A. <Review> B. <Close Strong>
  31. 31. Upcoming Calendar      Today we’re looking at the rubric I will use to grade your speeches. Next time we meet, we will schedule your speeches and have a questions/ problems/ concerns session. The class after that you will meet in small groups to evaluate your speeches. The class after that you will evaluate yourselves. After that …. Informative Speeches!
  32. 32. Informative Speech Check-In  Let’s review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  There are no secrets.  There are no surprises.  This is how to get 100%.
  33. 33. Outlines / Topics / Structure O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  34. 34. Introductions O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  35. 35. Credibility O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  36. 36. Conclusions O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  37. 37. Presentation Aids O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  38. 38. Persona O High Score: O Average Score: O Low Score: Pep Talk
  39. 39. Persuasive Topics • Question of value (binary) • Question of fact (opinion) • Question of policy (behavior)
  40. 40. Persuasive Org. Patterns • Problem/Cause/Solution • Comparative Advantage • Monroe’s Motivated Sequence: Need, Satisfaction, Visualization
  41. 41. Upcoming Calendar  Today we’re looking at topics.  Next time we meet, we will look at outlines.  The class after that we’ll review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  Then we’ll have two days for evaluations.  After that …. Persuasive Speeches!
  42. 42. Persuasive Speech Check-In  Let’s review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  There are no secrets.  There are no surprises.  This is how to get 100%.
  43. 43. The CASE for Invitational Speaking • Civilize the debate • Articulate beliefs and values • Square the sides of the argument • Explore issues and ideas
  44. 44. The AURA of a Successful Invitational Speech • Invitational topics can be controversial. • There will be a range of possible positions. – Acknowledge them. – Understand them. – Respect them. – Appreciate them.
  45. 45. Invitational Speakers that KICK you-know-what … • Know their own positions • Invite the audience to take a position • Chat with the audience, and let them chat with each other, too • Keep everyone civil and focused
  46. 46. For your exercise … • We need six groups –You choose your group –You’ll need to have a group for the next class • Let’s go over the rubric
  47. 47. Upcoming Calendar  Today we’re looking at topics.  Next time we meet, we will look at topics again.  The class after that we’ll review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  Then we’ll have two days for scheduling, questions, and evaluations.  After that …. Invitational Speeches!
  48. 48. Topics  Pick   your groups. 6 groups Group >1 person  Your group's topic can be something you've already given a speech about.  Tonight, post a discussion board entry with your group members' names and your group's topic.
  49. 49. Topics (cont.)  Before the next class, each of you will *respond to your group's entry* with at least two APA citations of scholarly articles you want to address.  In the next class you will pick the article you will use as your invitational speech topic.  It will be beneficial to bring a copy of your articles (print or electronic, either way).
  50. 50. Upcoming Calendar  Today you will pick the scholarly article you are going to invite us to discuss about.  In the next class, we’ll review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  Then we’ll have two days for scheduling, questions, and evaluations.  After that …. Invitational Speeches!
  51. 51. Upcoming Calendar  Today we’ll review the rubric I will use to grade your speeches.  Then we’ll have two days for scheduling, questions, and evaluations.  After that …. Invitational Speeches!
  52. 52. Special Event Speaking • A speech for an event. • A speech honoring a person. • A speech commemorating an occasion.
  53. 53. Special Event Topics • The world is your oyster. • Guidelines for the final: –Audience-appropriate –Occasion-appropriate –Group-size appropriate –7-9 minutes appropriate
  54. 54. Ideas for the Final • • • • • • • Toasting/Roasting Someone Presenting/Accepting Award After-Dinner Event Offer Testimonial Introduce Another Speaker Commemorate Something Give a convocation/adjournment
  55. 55. Outline: Introduction I. Introduction (set the tone) A. B. C. Get the audience’s attention Overview and Preview Give yourself some credibility Inspire, Celebrate, Commemorate, Entertain
  56. 56. Outline: Body II. Main Point A. B. Sub-Point Sub-Point May not need sources Always need structure!!
  57. 57. Outline: Conclusion V. Conclusion A. B. Review Satisfying Close
  58. 58. Persona • • • • Eye contact to establish rapport Inconspicuous use of notes Scan to establish zone of interaction Expressive, dynamic and natural body language • Natural vocal variations • Standard English • Humor
  59. 59. Persona: Humor • • • • • • • • • Anecdotes/Jokes Asides Banter/Retorts Blunders/Recoveries Freudian Slips Hyperbole/Understatement Irony Satire Situational Humor
  60. 60. Presentation Aids • Appropriately Displayed • Does not detract from presentation • Adds to presentation • Not-so-much important that it is professional/useful
  61. 61. Final Exercise • Give a special event speech. • Work alone or with a group. – Your group members’ performances will affect your grade. – Everyone has to talk. – Everyone has to pay attention.
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