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Classical china

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  • 1. Sarah Allen
    Classical China
  • 2. Dynasties: Zhou
    1029-258 BCE
    No powerful government – rules by alliances with regional noblemen
    Weak rulers who lacked the means to control their territory directly
    Could only hope that local rulers would support them
    Came from the north and displaced the Shang
    Extended territory into Yangtze River valley
    The “Middle Kingdom”
    Heightened focus on central government
    Known as the Sons of Heaven (gods chose them to rule)
  • 3. Dynasties: Qin
    Qin Shi Huangdi, or First Emperor
    Brutal, but effective
    Forced regional nobles to join his court and gave their land to peasants who owed him their power
    Built the Great Wall by forced labor
    Ordered national census
    Standardized coins, weights, and measures (including cart axle length)
    Made Chinese script uniform
    Shi Huangdi believed that thinking was likely to be subversive to his autocratic rule
    He was a fiercely unpopular ruler
  • 4. Dynasties: Han
    202 BC-220 CE
    Retained the centralized government but diminished brutal repression
    Expanded terriroty into Korea, Indochina, and central Asia
    Allowed for contact with Parthian Empire
    Wu Ti (140-87 BCE)
    Most famous ruler
    Enforced widespread peace throughout most of Asia
  • 5. Confucianism
    Kung Fuzi (Kung the philospher)
    551-478 BCE
    Emphasized personal virtue
    Reverance for tradition
    Stressed for ones superiors (fathers and husbands)
    Insistence that leaders should behave well also:
    Mostedty
    Shunning abusive power
    Treating their people courteously
    Love of wisdom, veneration of custom
  • 6. Legalism
    Authoritatian state that rules by force
    Human nature is evil and requires restraint and discipline
    The army should control and the people should labor
    Pleasures in educated discourse or courtesy are frivolity
    Was often combined with Confucianism to produce a leader with a cultured veneer who employed strong-arm tactics
  • 7. Daoism
    “the way of nature”
    Laozi (Daoist leader)
    True human understanding comes in withdrawing from the world and contemplating the life force
    Daoist ethics:
    Harmony with nature
    Humility and frugal living
    Policical activity and learning were irrelevant
    General conditions of the world were of little importance
  • 8. Art
    Decorative, highly detailed, stressed craftsmanship
    Reflected precision and geometric qulities of Chinese writing
    Calligraphy and painting were huge
    Other popular mediums:
    Bronze
    Pottery
    Jade
    Ivory
    Silk
    Did not produce monuments (aside from tombs and Great Wall)
    Absence of a single religion
  • 9. Science
    Astronomy
    Other Science
    Accurate callendar (444 BCE), based on a year of 365.5 days
    Calculated the movements of Saturn and Jupiter and charted sunspots
    Purpose: to make cellestial phenomena predictable
    Stressed harmony bewteen heaven and earth
    Invented a kind os seismograph during the Han dynasty
    Developed precise anatomical knowledge
    Studied principles of hygiene to extend average lifetime
  • 10. Technology
    Ox-drawn plows and collars that didn’t choke the animal
    Pulleys and winding gear for iron mining
    Iron tools and lamps
    Advanced production methods in textiles and pottary
    Water-powered mills
    Paper and writing utensils
  • 11. Work Cited
    Stearns, Peter N. "Classical Civilization: China." World
    Civilizations: The Global Experience. 5. Pearson Education,
    Inc., 2007. Print.

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