Ed 230 2011_lecture_5_slides-12Presentation Transcript
Education 230 Slides February 1, 2011
A small reaction paper marking delay.
The principle of utility
“ As soon as we have managed to give our pupil some idea of what the word ‘utility’ means, we have another strong hold on him. The word makes a deep impression on him, provided it has meaning for him on his own age level and he can see it bearing on his present well being. ‘What is the good of that?’ Henceforth this is the standard question, the decisive question between him and me.” (99R, 81ROU)
Is this potentially problematic?
The Principle of Utility, ctd.
Why do some children hate school so much?
The conscripted clientele
Teaching Emile to read
The one key book
Is it Aristotle? Is it Buffon?
Why Robinson Crusoe?
The ideal of the rugged individual
An idealized state of nature
Rousseau on Fables
Rousseau’s diagnosis of the problem with fables.
Children take away the wrong message.
What do you think about this?
Think about modern equivalents…
The rest of the book
Eventual integration into society
A difficult early life
What insights does Hard Times offer?
Does Gradgrind have any basis in fact?
Does Gradgrind have any basis in theory?
The District School as it Was
A fictionalized account
The abs and the ebs, the “Easy Lessons,” and the “Moral Tales.”
The students’ problems with writing.
The Squeers archetype
The Squeers archetype has an unfortunate basis in fact.
Boys won’t larn ‘less you thrash ‘em, says I. Leastways, mine won’t. Lay it on good, is what I says to a master. Lay it on good. Don’t do no harm. Lickin’ and larnin’ goes together. No lickin’, no larnin’, says I. Lickin’ and larnin’, lickin’ and larnin’, is the good ole way.
Strong discipline--The J. Homer French method of seating
School was still mostly rural
The vast majority did not attend high school.
What about Qu ébec?
A slow start in public education
Tension between French and English, Protestant and Catholic
A unique system of education
John Dewey’s early life
Born in Burlington, VT
Had a strict mother
Attended the University of Vermont
Dewey’s early life, ctd.
Went to graduate school at Johns Hopkins
Became a professor at the University of Michigan
Eventually became interested in education
Life at the Dewey School
An emphasis on child-centered education
An focus on the experimental method/discovery learning
A structured environment
The Dewey School: Building a smelter
The Dewey School: Children Gardening
The Dewey School: Designing Farm Tools
My Pedagogic Creed
Dewey’s most important goal
The school/life division
The relationship to the experiences of children
A “guide on the side”?
The school as an instrument of social reform
What are Dewey’s views on this matter?
An exalted role for the teacher
Should the school be used to transform society? Can it be used in this way?
A Difficult Reading
Take extra time to read Freire—it is a relatively long and difficult reading.