Flexible airport terminal design towards a framework


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Flexible airport terminal design towards a framework

  1. 1. Flexible Airport Terminal Design:Towards a Framework FlexibleSarah Shuchi, PhD Candidate, Queensland University of TechnologySupervisor: Prof. Robin Drogemuller 1
  2. 2. Presentation Outline • Flexible design concept • Flexibility in building design • Design strategies • Flexibility in airport terminal design • Significance in airport design • Flexible Design Framework (flexDF)http://www.designboom.com/contemporary/contemporary_airport_design.html 2
  3. 3. Concept of Flexibility • Systems design – ability to modify the mode of operation • Manufacturing – ability to change the volume, the speed of delivery or to add new product lines • Network design – allows to add new nodes or to make new connections between nodes • Building design – allows to create spaces that anticipate complex and changing requirements of human needs Flexible design accommodates potential movement or change 3
  4. 4. Flexibility in Building design Adaptation Movability Flexible building Transformation Interaction Simple Technological Suitable use of construction consideration space 4
  5. 5. Significance of Flexible design Manages Less Extends lifecycle uncertainty Expensive of buildings • Standard design • Reduce the risk of • Assists to adapt with practice based on expensive change. future changes. forecast. •Avoid future • Longer and more •Forecast is unreliable. downside risk efficient service life •Allows phases to build, manages future uncertainty. 5
  6. 6. Flexible Design Strategies• Four-step process for developing design flexibility (de Neufville and Scoltes 2011) Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Recognise uncertainties Identify areas of Evaluate alternatives Implementation uncertainty 6
  7. 7. Significance of Flexible Airport• Airport design is ‘Complex’• Facilitates complex interactions among airline, aircraft and airport authorities Aircraft design Plane Airline Airport companies authorities Passenger Terminal 7
  8. 8. Flexibility VS Inflexibility Schiphol International Airport 1920 1967 2001 http://www.schiphol.nl/SchipholGroup/Company1 /Profile.htm• The inherent flexibility allows efficient operation for nearly a century• Steady and constant growth• Phases of construction• No site constraint 8
  9. 9. Flexibility VS Inflexibility TWA terminal, JFK Airport• The landmark building of New York opened in 1962• The building eventually closed in 2001 when American Airlines bought TWA• Radical and compact plan• High cost of restoration• Limited option for alteration 9
  10. 10. Shearing layers of Flexible design• Buildings are complex - composed of a number of interacting layers 10
  11. 11. Proposed shearing layers of Airport design• Influence of shearing layers in terminal design• Terminal as a series of layers and the activities within it is a system Stuff Operational Space plan Spatial layout Service Tactical Skin Structure Strategic Physical structure Site Shearing layers of airport terminal 11
  12. 12. Developing a conceptual Framework Changes occur within various building layers flexible Design Framework (flexDF) Changes occur according Changes occur according spatial layout and physical to time period structure
  13. 13. Developing a conceptual FrameworkStep 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5Identify areas of Identify flexible Design Evaluate flexible Designuncertainty design elements development design alternatives implementationTerminal Design elements Design layouts Space Strategiesfacilities Function Design constraints Time 13
  14. 14. Flexible Design FrameworkSTEP 1 STEP 2 (flexDF) STEP 3 STEP 4 STEP 5Identify areas of Identify flexible design Design Evaluate flexible design DesignIdentify areas ofuncertainty to elements flexible Identify Design Development Evaluate flexible alternatives Design Implementationuncertainty toincorporate flexibility design elements development design implementationincorporate flexibility alternatives Identify “Shearing Design elements of Identify Evaluate design layers of change” various terminal implementation alternatives facilities strategies Spatial Physical Recognise Determine spatial Spac Time Cost Layout structur relationships Post adjacency between e e among terminal implementation activities activities evaluation and Changes according modification to timescale Propose preliminary Possible Design Classify passenger design layouts Solutions activities to Operational determine spatial requirements Review Tactical Identify design Detailed architectural Strategic constraints layouts Analysis of Business Process Models 14
  15. 15. flexDF Step 1 Check-in counters Ticket counters Lounge areas Check-in area Spatial layout Swing gates Security system Interior partition Signal and advertising Services Structural system Furniture Ducting system Load bearing walls Tape barrier Wayfinding Column space Physical layout structure Roof span Façade treatment Timescale Daily/monthly 2- 5 years 5 – 20 years Operational change Tactical change Strategic change 15
  16. 16. Conclusion and Future works Option X Option Y Option Z Design layouts Design analysis Business process Simulation model analysis inputs Passenger number Simulation Passenger number outputs Processing time/passenger Processing time/passenger Revised layout Area/ passenger Area/ passengerDesign development Evaluate flexibility
  17. 17. Questions