USING VISUALS IN THE PRIMARY CLASSROOM Mar Calvo Silvia Martin Santiago Oviedo Cristina Sanz
WHY?-Everyday sessions can be made more exciting, enjoyable,dynamic and effective by using a wide range of media and visualtexts, providing interest and motivation for our pupils.-Visuals reinforce concepts and vocabulary.-Visuals add variety and emphasis to presentation.-Pictures are useful to develop English skills: writing, speaking,listening, reading and interacting.-Visuals allow you to reach those who process information bestvisually.
-Visuals organize your lesson plans and presentation.-Children can enjoy developing essential literacy skills throughstudying picture books and visuals in general.- Visuals aid communication.-They explain the relationships of parts to the whole.-They clarify something difficult, complicated or very large orstress very important points.
FEATURES• Visuals are affordable.• They are durable.• They are eye-catching.• They are easy to transport.• They are flexible• They are motivating.• They are easy to store.
HOW TO GET THEM?• From the internet:FLASHCARDShttp://www.esl-kids.com/flashcards/flashcards.htmlhttp://www.eslkidslab.com/flashcards/index.htmlhttp://www.mes-english.com/flashcards.phphttp://www.anglomaniacy.pl/topics.htmhttp://recursostic.educacion.es/bancoimagenes/web/http://www.agendaweb.org/http://www.primaryresources.co.uk/
POSTERShttp://www.wordle.net/http://www.glogster.com/http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/techtorial/techtorial058.pdf•Books and text books: Key Stages…•Recycling old materials•Pupils and their parents can help a lot•Materials made by teachers on their own.
WHEN DESIGNING VISUALS YOU MUST TAKE INTO ACCOUNT:-Why and how a visual should be used.-The audience to whom it is being shown.-The medium being used for the visual.-Use key phrases rather than long sentences.-Ensure that all type is visible from the back ofthe classroom.-Leave plenty of white space around images.-Use a graphic rather than a text.
EXAMPLES OF CLASSROOM USEUSING FLASHCARDS•Who Am I ? Game...-Have your selected flashcards on display.-Children take turns giving ‘who am I’ clues for a chosen word (forexample, I am yellow, I have 5 letters, I end in ‘y’).-Other children guess the word.•Chinese Whispers….-Children are sitting in a circle.-First child picks up a flashcard and whispers the word to the child nextto them.-The word get ‘whispered’ around to the last child who says to wordout loud.-Flashcard gets held up to check of correct.
• Tic Tac Toe Here I Go...-Have your chosen word cards displayed.-Children or Teacher uses a pointer to sing as they point to the words in random fashion…‘Tic Tac Toe Here I go, Where I Land I Do Not Know’-Stop on a card - children say the word.-It is fun to go really fast with this and children love being the ‘teacher’.-This has always been a simple favourite wherever I have used it.• Stepping Stones….-Place chosen word cards on the floor in random fashion.-Children take turns stepping on the stones (word cards), saying the words as they step on each one.-Children be careful not to fall off into the river full of crocodiles.
• Reveal the word/picture slowly. (Guessing)• Show it backwards or upside down• Write a question on one side and the answer on the other (they can work by themselves)• Missing vowels/consonants• Put them in order: a story/tale (with pictures, words or both)• Play memory games
USING POSTERS•Cover the WB, the wall… with a big whitepaper. Project an image on it and trace it. Thenyou or the pupils can colour it and make a puzzleor add more things (as in a collage), so that thepupils will be making their own posters.
Wordle...-Children place the chosen word card words intowww.wordle.net to make a word cloud.-Print out the word cloud and find the wordswithin it.-Children make their own ‘word clouds’ usingthe word card words, using wordle as anexample.
USING IMAGES•Before&after: two photos, one as babies andthe other now.•The same but using a X-ray (just for fun)•Whose baby is it? Parents’ and pupils’ photos•Guess who/what: a pupil describes a photo andthe rest have to guess.•Mix photos and guess
REFERENCE WEBSITES• VIDEOShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gagfYsoc7UU (HOW TO USE FLASHCARDS)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7Go-piDcRg (HOW TO USE GLOGSTER)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C-Kphzzbf8U (CLASSROOM POSTERS WITH EXCEL)
• ARTICLEShttp://www.iris.edu/hq/files/programs/educati on_and_outreach/poster_pilot/Poster_Guide _v2a.pdf (The pedagogical power of posters)http://www.american-classroom- supply.com/classroom-posters-article.html