Louise by William Somerset Maugham
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Louise by William Somerset Maugham

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    Louise by William Somerset Maugham Louise by William Somerset Maugham Document Transcript

    • PNU | College of Art | Department of English Language and Literature | Prose | First YearLouiseby W. Semerset Maughamthe best English short story writerBorn | 25 January 1874Died | 16 December 1965CharactersLouiseThe NarratorTom MaitlandGeorge HobhouseIresSarabdulaziz © 2010
    • PNU | College of Art | Department of English Language and Literature | Prose | First YearCharacterizationThe narrator - main character - antagonist.Louise - major character - protagonist.Tom Maitland, George Hobhouse, Ires - minor characters.Analyzing Louise’s characterIs Louise sick? Appearance Reality Louise’s parents knew that she has a weak she can walk eight miles. heart and she might die. she can dance. Tom Maitland, her first husband said that she’s she can stay up late until the morning. been to the best heart specialists and all of she can marry two husbands and still survive. them told him that her life is hanging on a she manages to control everybody around her. thread. everybody around her does what she want him/ That’s lead us to believe that she’s sick. her to do.to explain that let’s say maybe as her 1st husband said: “she has an unconquerable spirit.” And this is probablyenabled her to live this side of life, and maybe the sickness itself made her think of getting what she can get outof life before leaving it. And that’s why she doesn’t want to spend the rest of her life on a bed, she wants tohave fun.Now we cannot hold her guilty for wanting to enjoy life. But, we can hold her guilty for abusing the love of herfamily to to get things that she want.Her relationshipsthis has to do with the sub-theme, Louise takes advantage of her family love and makes them do things her way.First her parents, then her first husband, then her second husband, then her daughter. Her relationship with herdaughter is the one we need to stop at because it’s not normal, there’s reversal roles. We all know the role ofthe father is to support his family, the role of the mother is to take care of the children. Here it’s the opposite,we see the daughter taking care of her mother.So Louise’s husbands and daughter are the manipulated side in this relationship. Because she’s taking power,she has an unconquerable spirit that she shouldn’t exercise on the people who love her. but she dominated themand used them to show that she’s taking control.Is she guilty?maybe and maybe not, maybe if she’s doing what she does consciously. If we look at the story there’re timeswhen the narrator keeps reminding her “you’re doing what you want not what your husband want.”, “you’remaking people do what you want.”Let’s say the one clear mistake done by Louise is making Ires feel guilty for doing what she want.Why did she die?the narrator is saying that because she’s devilish and want her daughter to feel guilty. But Louise couldn’tmanage to die in that particular day even if she wanted to. The explanation of her death on that day is becauseall throughout she didn’t die although she’s sick because she has that great power in her, the unconquerablespirit. Now her unconquerable spirit was pushed down when her daughter decided to go against her will and getmarried. The influence of that action have weaken her spirit and she become vulnerable, easily hurt, that’s howsickness revolt of her and her life ended.Sarabdulaziz © 2010
    • PNU | College of Art | Department of English Language and Literature | Prose | First YearToneSarcastic; because the narrator makes fun of Louise, he’s a first person narrator (subjective) meaning when hetalk about anything he’s involved, and effected by his own believes or his own emotion. So the first personnarrator takes side, and here we notice:“disliked.”“in that gentle way of hers.”“she had too much delicacy ever to make a direct statement.”“she was the most submissive wife.”Style (Literary Devices)Irony - “in that gentle way of hers.”Imagery - “I saw the face behind the mask.”Imagery - “as a pair of crooks.”Irony - “by a coincidence she had a heart attack.”Irony - “devilish woman.” Because he’s calling her devilish but he’s more devilish than she is; she’s notunsympathetic to a friend who’s dead.Point of Viewthe narrator P.O.V is 1st person narrator (subjective). Not just subjective but he’s antagonist because heprejudice against Louise, he made his judgement that she’s a “devilish” woman even after her death, he cannotforgive her.He’s an unsympathetic narrator, blinded by his hatred for Louise, not ready to change his opinion even at theend when Louise is dead.Themeappearance verses reality.the narrator said that Louise is pretending something which is not a reality. The difference between pretendingand appearance is that when you pretend you make the action to make people believe what is not true, whilewhen you appear to be something you don’t do anything to affect people’s thoughts about you.Sub-themethe word (sub) means a division in a big section.the sub-them has to do with familial or social relationships.Settingplaces - Monte Carlo, Deauville, London.Plotconflict: “She had an uneasy suspicion that I didn’t believe in her; and if that was why she did not like me, itwas also why she sought my acquaintance: it galled her that I alone should look upon her as a comic figure andshe couldn’t rest till I acknowledged myself mistaken and defeated.”Sarabdulaziz © 2010